a. Both codeine and dextromethorphan (DXM, DM) are the local anesthetic agents that decrease the sensitivity of stretch receptors in the upper airways, thereby reducing cough.
b. Only codeine has potential risk for abuse.
c. Concurrent Administration of dextromethorphan (DXM) and Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOI) could potentially cause high fever due to serotonin syndrome.
d. Both codeine and dextromethorphan (DXM, DM) are used to treat productive cough
True or False?
True or False
d. Dry nasal mucosa
b. Nasal congestion
c. Productive cough
a. It is the “rescue” drug for asthma attacks
b. It reduces heart rates (bradycardia)
c. It should be cautiously used in patients with hyperthyroidism.
d. Asthma patients should carry SABA inhaler with them all the time, use the spacer for drug administration.
a. Allergic Rhinitis
b. Bacterial Pneumonia
c. Viral sinusitis
d. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
a. The “rescue” drugs for asthma attack
b. Can be used for patients having peanut allergy
c. Used for patients having emphysema or chronic bronchitis
d. The receptor agonists
c. SABA bronchodilators
d. Mast cell stabilizers
a. “Albuterol opens your airways and salmeterol decreases the inflammation.”
b. “I will check with the prescriber to determine whether you can just use one drug.”
c. “Albuterol is a rescue drug to stop asthma attacks and salmeterol prevents attacks.”
d. “Salmeterol helps you breathe better and albuterol opens alveoli for gas exchange.”
a. Difficulty sleeping
b. Rapid heart rate
1. Hold breath >10 seconds with closed lips, then breathe normally
2. Insert into the mouth, make good seal
3. Remove cap, attach spacer, and shake vigorously
4. Squeeze the canister and breathe in deeply and slowly, no whistling sound
a. 1, 3, 2, 4
b. 3, 2, 4, 1
c. 1, 2, 3, 4
d. 2, 1, 3, 4
a. “How often are you using your steroid inhaler?”
b. “Do you share a toothbrush with any members of your family?”
c. “When was the last time your inhaler drug prescriptions were filled?”
d. “Have you taken any over-the-counter drugs for a cold or flu lately?”
a. Loratadine (Claritin)
b. Fluticasone (Flonase)
c. Cromolyn sodium (NasalCrom)
d. Acetylcysteine (Mucomyst, Acetadote)
a. Use Atrovent first, wait at least 5 minutes, then use Flovent
b. Use Atrovent alone is as effective as using both Atrovent and Flovent to control chronic asthma.
c. Use Flovent 10 minutes before Atrovent
d. Use Flovent immediately after using Atrovent
a. “Inhaled drugs work more slowly.”
b. “Inhaled drugs have no side effects.”
c. “Oral drugs are usually more expensive.”
d. “Oral drugs have more systemic side effects.”
a. Pseudoephedrine (Sudafed, Triaminic)
b. Diphenhydramine (Benadryl)
c. Dextromethorphan (DM, DMX)
d. Guaifenesin (Mucinex)
a. Diphenhydramine (Benadryl) causes less drowsiness than cetirizine (Zyrtec)
b. Patients with hypertension may avoid to take monoamine oxidase inhibitor (MAOI, antidepressant) and non-steroidal decongestant together.
c. Montelukast (Singulair) can be given to children for asthmatic attacks
d. Protein meal and caffeinated drinks should be avoided when taking theophylline
a. Take this drug at bedtime as a sleep aid.
b. Report fever, cough, or nasal congestion lasting longer than 1 day
c. This drug may be used in maintenance treatment for asthma.
d. Limit the drug to 5 days of use to prevent rebound nasal congestion.
a. Ear infections caused by a virus are not cured by antibiotics.
b. Antibiotic-resistant bacteria can be treated by anti-viral drugs
c. The doctor knows what he is doing, you should not have doubt.
d. I completely agree with you, let me go ask the doctor to prescribe the antibiotics for your child.