Pharmacology mnemonics

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ACE Inhibitor Side Effects – CRAP PILOT
C ough
R enal impairment
A naphylaxis
P alpitations

P otassium elevated
I mpotence
L eukocytosis
O rthostatic hypotension
T aste

Anti-Convulsant Side Effect – ABC 2D EF 2G 2H
A taxia
B lood dyscrasia
C left lip
D upuytrens
Vit D deficiency
E xfoliation of skin & Stevens Johnson’s
F its
G I upset
G um hypertrophy
H epatitis
H airy

Barbiturate Side Effects – AB 2C 3D
A taxia
B ehavioral disturbance
C oncentration decreased
C oma
D epression
D rowsy
D iplopia

Cholinergic Over Dose Side Effects – BLESS DUMB MW
B radycardia
L acrimation
E mesis
S alivation
S weating

D iarrhea
U rination
M iosis
B ronchorrea

Muscle Weakness

Cyclosporin Side Effects – G4HRT
G um Hypertrophy
H yperkalemia
H ypertension
Hair
R enal toxicity
T remor

Gynacomastia Causing Drugs – DISCO 2MTV
D igoxin
I soniazid
S pironolactone
C imetidine
O estrogens

M ethyldopa
M etronidazole
T CAD
V erapamil

MAOI Side Effects – The 3Hs
H epatocellular jaundice
H yperthermia
H ypertension

Propranolol, contra-indications – ABCDE
A sthma
B lock (heart)
C ardiac failure
D iabetes Mellitus (hypoglycemic shock)
E xtremities (occlusive arterial disease)

Pulmonary Edema, Non-Cardiac – POOP PNS
P hosgene
O pioids
O rganophosphates
P araquat

P henothiazines
N itrous dioxide
S alicylate

TCAD Side Effects – NO A COW
N euro
O thers

A nticholinergic

C VS
O verdose
W ithdrawal

Steroid Side Effects – A HIBISCUS MOOCHED WIG
A cne

H ypertension
I mmunosuppression
B ruising
I nsomnia
S triae
C ushingoid
U lcers
S kin thinning

M yopathy
O besity
O steoporosis
C ataract
H airy
E dema
D epression

W eakness (proximal muscle)
I nfection
G lycosuria

Warfarin – WEPT
W arfarin
E xtrinsic pathway
Measure PT

Class IC Antiarrhythmics – FEP
F lecainide
E ncainide
P ropafenone

Class III Antiarrhythmics – BIAS
B retylium
I butilide
A miodarone
S otalol

Beta 1 Selective Blockers – A BEAM
A cebutalol

B etaxolol
E smolol
A tenolol
M etoprolol

Gynacomastia, Drugs That Cause – “Some Drugs Create Awesome Knockers”
S pironolactone
D igistalis
C isplatin
A lcohol
K etoconozole

Drugs Causing Pulmonary Fibrosis – BABE
B leomycin
A miodarone
B usulfan
E (empty)

Drugs that Cause Hepatic Necrosis – HAVE
H alothane
A cetaminophen (liquefactive necrosis)
V alproic acid
E (empty)

Drugs Causing Agranulocytosis – The 3Cs
C lozapine
C olchicine
C arbamazepine

Drugs for All Types of Seizures (except petit mal) – CAPHE
CA rbamazepine
PHE nytoin/phenobarbital

Drugs for Petit Mal Seizures – VALET
VAL proic acid
ET hosuximide

ABCD (Only for cardiovascular)
ALPHA= CONSTRICTION
BETA= DILATION

Tuberculosis Drugs – SPIRE
S treptomycin
P yrazinamide
I soniazid
R ifampin
E thambutol

Short Acting Benzodiazepines – TOM
T riazolam
O xazepam
M idazolam

Beta 2 Agonists – SMART
S almeterol
M etaproterenol
A lbuterol
R itodrine
T erbutaline

Stevens-Johnson Syndrome – LESS
L amotrigine
E thosuximide
S ulfonamides
S tevens-Johnson

Fluconazole – The 3Cs
C andidiasis
C occidiomycosis
C ryptocococcal meningitis

Class IB Antiarrhythmics – “Medical Lab Technician”
M exilietine
L idocaine
T ocainide

Lithium – LITHIUM
L eukocytosis
I nhibits PIP2, cAMP and 5′ deiodinase
T eratogenic/Thiazide contraindicated
H ypothyroidism/Hyponatremia increases toxicity
I nsipidus (nephrogenic diabetes)
visUal dysfunction
M ovement disorders: CATS (Choreoathetosis, Ataxia, Tremors, Seizures)

Drugs Contraindicated During Pregnancy – FACETS
F louroquinolones
A minoglycoside
C larithromycin
E rythromycin
T etracycline
S ulfonamide

Benzodiazepines Metabolized Outside the Liver – “Outside The Liver”
O xazepam
T emazepam
L orazepam

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy Beta 1 and Beta 2 Beta 1: you have 1 heart Beta 2: you have 2 lungs Bradycardia Drugs …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy Absence seizure A type of generalized seizure characterized by a sudden, momentary break in consciousness; formerly often called petit …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy Drug classes to treat CHF? (4) 1. Diuretics 2. ACE-Inhibitors/ARBs 3. Beta Blockers 4. K-sparing Diuretics What type of …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy Specific signs, symptoms, or circumstances under which it is appropriate to administer a drug to a patient Indications Spray …

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We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy Digoxin (Lanoxin) – Antidysrhythmic – Inotropic (Increases contractility) D- dig level 2ng/ml or greater is toxic I- inhibits sodium …

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