Pharmacology for Technicians – CH 8

Absence seizure
A type of generalized seizure characterized by a sudden, momentary break in consciousness; formerly often called petit mal seizure.

Anticonvulsant
A drug to control seizures.

Convulsion
Involuntary contraction or series of contractions of the voluntary muscles.

Dysphagia
Difficulty in swallowing.

Epilepsy
A neurologic disorder involving sudden and recurring seizures.

Generalized seizure
A seizure that involves both hemispheres of the brain simultaneously and has no local origin; can be a tonic-clonic (grand mal), absence (petit mal), myoclonic, or atonic seizure.

Multiple Sclerosis (MS)
An autoimmune disease in which the myelin sheaths around nerves degenerate.

Partial seizure
An abnormal electrical discharge centered in a specific area of the brain; usually caused by a trauma.

Seizure
Abnormal electrical discharges in the cerebral cortex caused by sudden, excessive firing of neurons; result in a change in behavior of which the patient is not aware.

Tonic-clonic seizure
A type of generalized seizure characterized by body rigidity followed by muscle jerks; formerly called a grand mal seizure.

Seizures can be caused by:
Epilepsy; alcohol withdrawl; infection
Answer: all of the above

The two major classifications of seizures are:
Generalized and partial

Goals of epilepsy therapy are:
To control seizures or reduce their frequency to the extent that
the patient can live essentially a normal life; to prevent emotional and behavioral changes
Answer: a and b

Which is the only indication for Klonopin?
Seizure prophylaxis

Which drug has boxed warning about fatal rashes?
Lamictal

Which oral liquid drug should be well shaken before administering?
phenytoin

Which anticonvulsant is a scheduled drug?
phenobarbital

Which drug is metabolized to phenobarbital?
primidone

Which anticonvulsants are used to treat bipolar disorders?
carbamazepine and valproic acid

The two noncontrolled substances to treat ADHD are?
Stattera and Sparlon

Epilepsy The child feels a strange sensation overcoming their entire body. Senses become fuzzy, loses consciousness, every muscle becomes tense, mild to severe muscle twitches that last from a few seconds to a couple minutes – they regain consciousness with …

Epilepsy takes place when one has unpredictable seizures due to abnormal signals. These signals come from the temporal lobe. Epilepsy can cause several seizures that affect the brain overtime. An epileptic person that has not been diagnosed yet suffers from …

Seizures are an uncontrolled condition that electrical activity in the brain produces convulsion. These convulsions may be minor physical signs, disturbances, and or a combination of symptoms together. Seizures can be caused by head injuries, tumors in the brain, poisoning …

Antiemetic A drug that inhibits impulses that cause vomiting from going to the stomach. Crohn disease An inflammatory bowel disease affecting the entire GI tract from mouth to anus. WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY …

Epilepsy, a neurological condition that affects the nervous system is also know as a seizure disorder. When someone has had two unexpected seizures that were not caused by any known medical condition, then it is usually diagnosed as epilepsy. The …

Black Box warning Information printed on a drug package to alert prescribers to potential problems with the drug. Brand name The name under which the manufacturer markets a drug; also known as the trade name. WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM …

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