Pharmacology for Technicians – CH 6

Addiction
A compulsive disorder that leads to continued use of a drug despite harm to the user.

Analgesic
A drug that alleviates pain.

Anesthesiologist
A physician who oversees administration of anesthesia during surgery.

Central Nervous System (CNS)
The brain and spinal cord.

Dependence
A physical and emotional reliance on a drug.

Narcotic analgesic
Pain medication containing opioid.

Opiate
A narcotic that is either derived from opium or synthetically produced to resemble opium derivatives chemically.

Opioid
A substance, whether a drug or a chemically naturally produced by the body, that acts on opioid receptors to reduce the sensation of pain.

Pain
The activation of electrical activity in afferent neurons with sensory endings in peripheral tissue with a higher firing threshold than those of temperature or touch; a protective signal to warn of damage or presence of disease; the fifth vital sign; classified as acute, chronic nonmalignant, and chronic malignant.

Patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) pump
A means of pain control whereby the patient can regulate, within certain limits, the administration of pain medication.

If a drug is classified as an anticholinergic, it would have all the following effects except:
Watery eyes

The purpose of preanesthetic medications is:
Sedation; to help with pain relief; anxiety reduction.
Answer: all of the above

Someone has been given too much Versed (midazolam) in the operating room. The surgical resident cannot recall the name of the drug that should be given but sends a stat order to the pharmacy for an antagonist. You should notify the pharmacist and prepare:
flumazenil

Which narcotic has a dangerous metabolite if used long term?
meperidine

A patient who had outpatient surgery the previous day awakens in the morning and urinates. The urine is green. The patient’s caretaker calls, wanting to know whether any drugs dispensed to the patient would cause this. Which drug did the patient receive?
Diprivan

The pharmacy technician is stocking the OR suite that is used for open-heart surgery. Which of the following anesthetics would definitely need to be stocked?
fentanyl

Which is the most widely used local anesthetic?
lidocaine

Which inhalant anesthetic causes no amnesia or skeletal muscle relaxation and is frequently used in dental procedures?
nitrous oxide

Which OTC drug has been shown to give good control for headaches?
Excedrin Migraine

Which drug is a combination drug?
Midrin

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Acetylcholine (ACh) A neurotransmitter that binds to ACh receptors on the membranes of muscle cells, beginning a process that ultimately results in muscle contraction. Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) An enzyme that is present in the synovial fluid of arthritis patients and is …

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Antitussives Drugs that block or suppress the act of coughing. Bronchodilator An agent that relaxes smooth-muscle cells of the bronchioles, thereby increasing airway diameter and improving the movement of gases into and out of the lungs. WE WILL WRITE A …

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