Pharmacology for Technicians – CH 13

Acetylcholine (ACh)
A neurotransmitter that binds to ACh receptors on the membranes of muscle cells, beginning a process that ultimately results in muscle contraction.

Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2)
An enzyme that is present in the synovial fluid of arthritis patients and is associated with the pain and inflammation of arthritis.

Disease-Modifying Antirheumatic Drugs (DMARDs)
Agents that can modify the progression of rheumatoid arthritis.

Muscle relaxant
A drug that reduces or prevents skeletal muscle contraction.

Nonnarcotic analgesic
A drug used for pain, inflammation, and fever that is not a controlled substance.

Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs)
Anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and antipyretic drugs that are not controlled substances or steroids; used to treat arthritis and for other indications such as pain and inflammation.

Salicylates
A class of nonnarcotic analgesics that have both pain-relieving and antipyretic (fever-reducing) properties.

Somatic pain
Dull, throbbing pain from skin, muscle, and bone.

Visceral pain
Sharp, stabbing pain from the organs.

Which drug, even though it is NOT a controlled substance in all states, is subject to much abuse?
Soma

Which drug is biologically engineered and inhibits tumor necrosis factor?
Enbrel

Which muscle relaxer is also used to prevent hyperthermia?
Dantrium

Which drug class/es must be dispensed with a medication guide?
NSAIDs and antidepressants
Answer: both A and B

Which drug is sometimes used to control hiccups?
Lioresal

Which sticker should be put on all NSAIDs?
Take with FOOD

Mild salicylate intoxication is characterized by all of the following except?
Throbbing pain

The problem with combining alcohol and acetaminophen is?
Liver toxicity

Centrally acting muscle relaxants do NOT:
Directly relax muscles

Which NSAID has an IM dosage form?
Ketorolac

Analgesic
Pain relieving

Multiple Choice: 1.B 2. D 3. C 4. A 5. C 6. D 7.B 8. B 9. A 10.e True/False 1. True 2. True 3. True 4. True 5. false, vasoconstriction 6. True 7. True 8. False, small unmyelinated first …

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analgesic compounds with pain-blocking properties, capable of producing analgesia anti-inflammatory agents drugs that block the effects of the inflammatory response WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU FOR ONLY $13.90/PAGE Write my sample antipyretic …

Antiemetic A drug that inhibits impulses that cause vomiting from going to the stomach. Crohn disease An inflammatory bowel disease affecting the entire GI tract from mouth to anus. WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY …

Black Box warning Information printed on a drug package to alert prescribers to potential problems with the drug. Brand name The name under which the manufacturer markets a drug; also known as the trade name. WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM …

Antitussives Drugs that block or suppress the act of coughing. Bronchodilator An agent that relaxes smooth-muscle cells of the bronchioles, thereby increasing airway diameter and improving the movement of gases into and out of the lungs. WE WILL WRITE A …

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