Pharmacology for Technicians – CH 12

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Anticoagulant
A drug that prevents clot formation by affecting clotting factors.

Antiplatelet
A drug that reduces the risk of clot formation by inhibiting platelet aggregation.

Beta blocker
A Class II antiarrhythmic drug that competitively blocks response to beta adrenergic stimulation and therefore lowers heart rate, myocardial contracility, blood pressure, and myocardial oxygen demand; used to treat arrhythmias, MIs, and angina.

Blood pressure (BP)
The result of the heart forcing the blood through the capillaries; measured in millimeters of mercury, both when the heart is contracting and forcing the blood (systolic) and when the heart is relaxed and filling with blood (diastolic).

Calcium Channel Blocker
A Class IV antiarrhythmic drug that prevents the movement of calcium ions through slow channels; used for most supraventricular tachyarrhythmias and in angina.

Cardiovascular (CV)
Pertaining to the heart and blood vessels.

Cholesterol
An odorless, white, waxlike, powdery substance that is present in all foods of animal origin but not in foods of plant origin; circulates continuously in the blood for use by all body cells.

Congestive Heart Failure (CHF)
A condition in which the heart can no longer pump adequate blood to the body’s tissues; results in engorgement of the pulmonary vessels.

Hyperlipidemia
Elevation of the levels of one or more of the lipoproteins in the blood.

Hypertension
Elevated blood pressure, where systolic blood pressure is greater than 140 mm Hg and diastolic pressure is greater than 90 mm Hg.

Myocardial Infarction (MI)
A heart attack; occurs when a region of the heart muscle is deprived of oxygen.

Pulmonary Embolism (PE)
Sudden blocking of the pulmonary artery by a blood clot.

Stroke
The result of an event (finite, ongoing, or protracted occurrences) that interrupts oxygen supply to an area of the brain; usually caused by cerebral infarction or cerebral hemorrhage.

Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA)
Temporary neurologic change that occurs when part of the brain lacks sufficient blood supply over a brief period of time; may be a warning sign and predictor of imminent stroke.

Unstable angina
A type of angina characterized by chest pain that occurs with increasing frequency, diminishes the patient’s ability to work, and has a decreasing response to treatment; may signal an oncoming MI.

Which drug is sold in an amber glass container and should not be repackaged?
nitroglycerin

Which syringe would NOT be appropriate to dispense with heparin?
IM syringes

Which drug causes flushing when the patient begins taking it?
niacin

Which is the “bad” cholesterol?
LDLs

Which beta blocker is preferred for the heart?
beta-1

Which over-the-counter diet drug will lower cholesterol?
Alli

Which drug class is a good first-step prescription for hypertension?
Beta blockers; calcium channel blockers; diuretics
Answer: all of the above

The leading cause of death in industrialized nations is:
MI

Which factor(s) increase risk of heart attack?
cigarette smoking

A beta blocker is given after an MI to:
Reduce risk of death

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy Which of the following is not a condition for a medication to be considered therapeutically equivalent? a. Can be …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy Antitussives Drugs that block or suppress the act of coughing. Bronchodilator An agent that relaxes smooth-muscle cells of the …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy Pharmacology The scientific study of the action of drugs on a living system. A medication interacts with receptors and …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy Multiple Choice: 1.B 2. D 3. C 4. A 5. C 6. D 7.B 8. B 9. A 10.e …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy Class Selective beta-blocker Description A Beta antagonist that blocks both beta 1 and beta 2 adrenergic receptors Selective for …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy alternative medicine use of herbs, dietary supplements, and homeopathic remedies rather than pharmaceuticals American Association of Pharmacy Technicians (AAPT) …

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