Pharmacology for Technicians – CH 10

Antiemetic
A drug that inhibits impulses that cause vomiting from going to the stomach.

Crohn disease
An inflammatory bowel disease affecting the entire GI tract from mouth to anus.

Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)
GI disease characterized by radiating burning or pain in the chest and an acid taste, caused by backflow of acidic stomach contents across an incompetent lower esophageal sphincter; also referred to as heartburn.

Gastrointesinal (GI) tract
A continuous tube that begins in the mouth and extends through the pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, and large intestine to end at the anus.

H2 histamine receptor antagonist
An agent that blocks acid and pepsin secretion in response to histamine, gastrin, foods, distention, caffeine, or cholinergic stimulation; used to treat GERD and H. pylori.

Hepatitis
A disease of the liver that causes inflammation, can be acute or chronic, and has several forms A through G.

Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)
A functional disorder in which the lower GI tract does not have appropriate tone or spasticity to regulate bowel activity.

Malaria
An infectious febrile disease caused by the protozoan Plasmodium and transmitted by the Anopheles mosquito.

Morbid obesity
A state in which an individual’s weight is two or more times the ideal body weight (IBW).

Osmotic laxative
An organic substance that draws water into the colon and thereby stimulates evacuation.

Peptic disease
Disorders of the upper GI tract caused by the action of acid and pepsin; includes mucosal injury, erythema, erosions, and frank ulceration.

Phenothiazine
A drug, related to the typical antipsychotics, that controls vomiting by inhibiting the CTZ.

Proton pump inhibitor
A drug that blocks gastric acid secretion by inhibiting the enzyme that pumps hydrogen ions into the stomach.

Stimulant laxative
A laxative that increases gut activity by irritating the mucosa.

Ulcerative colitis
Irriation and inflammation of the large bowel, causing it to look scraped; characterized by bloody mucus leading to watery diarrhea containing blood, mucus, and pus.

A common cause of gastritis is:
Food; alcohol; medicine
Answer: all of the above

The most common cause of drug-induced ulcers is:
Aspirin

Which drug is a bowel motility stimulant?
Dulcolax

Which drug is a coating agent?
Carafate

Which antidiarrheal is a controlled substance?
Lomotil

Which drug is used in cystic fibrosis?
Creon-10

Which drug is used in Crohn disease?
sulfasalazine

Which drug is used to treat gallstones?
Actigall

Which drug should not be touched by a pregnant technician?
Cytotec

Malaria is transmitted through:
Anopheles mosquito

Antitussives Drugs that block or suppress the act of coughing. Bronchodilator An agent that relaxes smooth-muscle cells of the bronchioles, thereby increasing airway diameter and improving the movement of gases into and out of the lungs. WE WILL WRITE A …

Absence seizure A type of generalized seizure characterized by a sudden, momentary break in consciousness; formerly often called petit mal seizure. Anticonvulsant A drug to control seizures. WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU …

Which of the following is not a condition for a medication to be considered therapeutically equivalent? a. Can be administered by an approved route b. Same active ingredient c. Same dosage form d. Same strength or concentration a. Can be …

Black Box warning Information printed on a drug package to alert prescribers to potential problems with the drug. Brand name The name under which the manufacturer markets a drug; also known as the trade name. WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM …

alternative medicine use of herbs, dietary supplements, and homeopathic remedies rather than pharmaceuticals American Association of Pharmacy Technicians (AAPT) a national association of pharmacy technicians that promotes the interests of its members as well as general healthcare interests WE WILL …

Pharmacology The scientific study of the action of drugs on a living system. A medication interacts with receptors and produces a biological response Pharmacokinetics Involves the absoption, distribution, metabolism, and elimination (excretion) of the drug in a living system WE …

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