5. false, vasoconstriction
8. False, small unmyelinated first and larger myelinated last
1. a. goals: amnesia, adequate muscle relaxation, adequate ventilation, pain control
b. indices: blood pressure, pulse, urinary output, oxygen, respiration, tissue perfusion, hypovolemia/hypervolemia
2. a. advantages: all types of nerve tissue are affected, reversible, no residual damage
b. pan perception, temperature, touch sensation, proprioception, skeletal muscle tone
3. a. classification: acute, chronic, malignant
b. major sources: somatic; visceral; neuropathic; sympathetic
4. a. analgia, sedation, euphoria and dysphoria, cough reflex
b. analgesic ladder: NSAIDS; NSAIDS plus “weak” opioid with adjuvant analgesic
1. Simple analgesics: aspirin, acetaminophen, NSAIDS, Midrin or Ergotamine, Imitrex, Stadol, Reglan for nausea. Triptans are considered the drug of choice for treatment of migraine management. Inderal is the drug of choice for prophylaxis. Remember migraines are very patient specific; therefore, these are not the only correct answers. Due to side effect profile, and so on, these are the most common choices. Also, with the new drugs on the market, ergotamine is being used less and less.
2. In case a patient develops malignant hyperthermia.
3. a. nitrous oxide
1. Empathy means understanding and seeing one’s self in the situation of another. But too much empathy can hinder professionalism.
2. If class time allows, invite a pharmacy technician to speak to your students.