PHARMACOLOGY FOR NURSES CHAPTER 14

ANTIDEPRESSANTS
DRUGS THAT ALTER LEVELS OF TWO IMPORTANT NEUROTRANSMITTERS IN THE BRAIN, NOREPINEPHRINE AND SEROTONIN, TO REDUCE DEPRESSION AND ANXIETY

ANXIETY
STATE OF APPREHENSION AND AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYSTEM ACTIVATION RESULTING FROM EXPOSURE TO A NONSPECIFIC OR UNKNOWN CAUSE

ANXIOLYTICS
DRUGS THAT RELIEVE ANXIETY

ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAM
DIAGNOSTIC TEST THAT RECORDS BRAINWAVES THROUGH ELECTRODES ATTACHED TO THE SCALP

GENERALIZED ANXIETY DISORDER
DIFFICULT-TO-CONTROL, EXCESSIVE ANXIETY THAT LASTS 6 MONTHS OR MORE, FOCUSES ON A VARIETY OF LIFE EVENTS, AND INTERFERES WITH NORMAL DAY-TO-DAY FUNCTIONS

HYPNOTIC
DRUG THAT CAUSES SLEEP

INSOMNIA
INABILITY TO FALL ASLEEP OR STAY ASLEEP

LIMBIC SYSTEM
AREA IN THE BRAIN RESPONSIBLE FOR EMOTION, LEARNING, MEMORY, MOTIVATION, AND MOOD

LONG TERM INSOMNIA
INABILITY TO SLEEP FOR MORE THAN A FEW NIGHTS, OFTEN CAUSED BY DEPRESSION, MANIC DISORDERS, AND CHRONIC PAIN

OBSESSIVE COMPULSIVE DISORDER
RECURRENT, INTRUSIVE THOUGHTS OR REPETITIVE BEHAVIORS THAT INTERFERE WITH NORMAL ACTIVITIES OR RELATIONSHIPS

PANIC DISORDER
ANXIETY DISORDER CHARACTERIZED BY INTENSE FEELINGS OF IMMEDIATE APPREHENSION, FEARFULNESS, TERROR, OR IMPENDING DOOM, ACCOMPANIED BY INCREASED AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYSTEM ACTIVITY

PHOBIAS
FEARFUL FEELINGS ATTACHED TO SITUATIONS OR OBJECTS SUCH AS SNAKES, SPIDERS, CROWDS, OR HEIGHTS

POST TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER
TYPE OF ANXIETY THAT DEVELOPS IN RESPONSE TO REEXPERIENCING A PREVIOUS LIFE EVENT THAT WAS PSYCHOLOGICALLY TRAUMATIC

REBOUND INSOMNIA
INCREASED SLEEPLESSNESS THAT OCCURS WHEN LONG-TERM ANTIANXIETY OR HYPNOTIC MEDICATION IS DISCONTINUEDDD

REM SLEEP
STAGE OF SLEEP CHARACTERIZED BY QUICK, SCANNING MOVEMENTS OF THE EYES

RETICULAR ACTIVATING SYSTEM
RESPONSIBLE FOR SLEEPING AND WAKEFULNESS AND PERFORMS AN ALERTING FUNCTION FOR THE CEREBRAL CORTEX; INCLUDES THE RETICULAR FORMATION, HYPOTHALAMUS, AND PART OF THE THALAMUS

RETICULAR FORMATION
PORTION OF THE BRAIN AFFECTING AWARENESS AND WAKEFULNESSS

SEDATIVE
SUBSTANCE THAT DEPRESSES THE CNS TO CAUSE DROWSINESS OR SLEEP

SEDATIVE HYPNOTIC
DRUG WITH THE ABILITY TO PRODUCE A CALMING AFFECT AT LOWER DOSES AND TO INDUCE SLEEP AT HIGHER DOSES

SHORT TERM OR BEHAVIORAL INSOMNIA
INABILITY TO SLEEP THAT IS OFTEN ATTRIBUTED TO STRESS CAUSED BY A HECTIC LIFESTYLE OR THE INABILITY TO RESOLVE DAY-TO-DAY CONFLICTS WITHING THE HOME OR WORK PLACE

SITUATIONAL ANXIETY
ANXIETY EXPERIENCED BY PEOPLE FACED WITH A STRESSFUL ENVIRONMENT

SLEEP DEBT
LACK OF SLEEP

SOCIAL ANXIETY
FEAR OF CROWDS

TRANQUILIZER
OLDER TERM SOMETIMES USED TO DESCRIBE A DRUG THAT PRODUCES A CALM OR TRANQUIL FEELING

Mood Disorder severe mood changes that become severe and result in impaired functioning within the family, work environment, or interpersonal relationships Depression disorder characterized by a sad or despondent mood WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC …

adjuvant a drug added to a prescription to hasten or enhance the action of a principal ingredient Analgesics medications that alleviate pain WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU FOR ONLY $13.90/PAGE Write my …

Absorption The process of moving a drug across body membranes. Active transport … WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU FOR ONLY $13.90/PAGE Write my sample Affinity Chemical attraction that impels certain molecules to …

CNS Stimulants: Medically approved uses ADHD, Narcolepsy, Obesity, Reversal of respiratory distress Attention deficit hyperactive disorder (ADHD): Thought to be due to disregulation of the transmitters: Serotonin, Norepinephrine, Dopamine WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY …

Activated partial thromboplastin time Blood test used to determine how long it takes clots to form to regulate heparin dosage. (aPTT) … WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU FOR ONLY $13.90/PAGE Write my …

Major medications to tx anxiety disorders: Benzodiazepine sedative hypnotic anxiolytics EX: diazepam (Valium) Atypical anxiolytic/non-barbituarte anxiolytics EX: buspirone (Buspar) SSRIs: EX: paroxetine (Paxil) Benzodiazepines: diazepam (Valium) Alprazolam (Xanax) Lorazepam (Ativan) Chlordiazepoxide (Librium) Clorazepate (Tranxene) Oxazepam (Serax) Clonazepam (Klonopin) WE WILL …

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