PHARMACOLOGY FOR NURSES CHAPTER 13

ACETYLCHOLINE
PRIMARY NEUROTRANSMITTER OF THE PARASYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTEM; ALSO PRESENT AT SOMATIC NEUROMUSCULAR JUNCTIONS AND AT SYMPATHETIC PREGANGLIONIC NERVES

ACETYLCHOLINESTERASE
ENZYME THAT DEGRADES ACETYLCHOLINE WITHIN THE SYNAPTIC CLEFT, ENHANCING EFFECTS OF THE NEUROTRANSMITTER

ADRENERGIC
RELATING TO NERVES THAT RELEASE NOREPINEPHRINE OR EPINEPHRINE

ADRENERGIC ANTAGONIST
DRUG THAT BLOCKS THE ACTIONS OF THE SYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTEM

ALPHA RECEPTOR
TYPE OF SUBRECEPTOR FOUND IN THE SYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTEM

ANTICHOLINERGIC
DRUG THAT BLOCKS THE ACTIONS OF THE PARASYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTEM

AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYSTEM
PORTION OF THE PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM THAT GOVERNS INVOLUNTARY ACTIONS OF THE SMOOTH MUSCLE, CARDIAC MUSCLE, AND GLANDS

BETA RECEPTOR
TYPE OF SUBRECEPTOR FOUND IN THE SYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTEM

CATECHOLAMINES
CLASS OF AGENTS SECRETED IN RESPONSE TO STRESS THAT INCLUDE EPINEPHRINE, NOREPINEPHRINE, AND DOPAMINE

CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM
DIVISION OF THE NERVOUS SYSTEM CONSISTING OF THE BRAIN AND THE SPINAL CORD

CHOLINERGIC
RELATING TO NERVES THAT RELEASE ACETYLCHOLINE

FIGHT OR FLIGHT RESPONSE
CHARACTERISTIC SET OF SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS PRODUCED WHEN THE SYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTEM IS ACTIVATED

GANGLIONIC SYNAPSE
THE JUNCTURE BETWEEN TWO MULTIPOLAR NEURONS LOCATED OUTSIDE OF THE CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM, WHERE AXON TERMINALS FROM THE FIRST NEURON MAKE CONTACT WITH CELL BODIES AND EXTENTIONS OF THE SECOND NEURON

MONOAMINE OXIDASE
ENZYME THAT DESTROYS NOREPINEPHRINE IN THE NERVE TERMINAL

MUSCARINIC
TYPE OF CHOLINERGIC RECEPTOR FOUND IN SMOOTH MUSCLE, CARDIAC MUSCLE, AND GLANDS

MYASTHENIA GRAVIS
MOTOR DISORDER CAUSED BY A DESTRUCTION OF NICOTINIC RECEPTORS ON SKELETAL MUSCLES AND CHARACTERIZED BY PROFOUND MUSCULAR FATIGUE

NICOTINIC
TYPE OF CHOLINERGIC RECEPTOR FOUND IN GANGLIA OF BOTH THE SYMPATHETIC AND PARASYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTEMS

NOREPINEPHRINE
PRIMARY NEUROTRANSMITTER IN THE SYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTEM

PARASYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTEM
PORTION OF THE AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYTEM THAT IS ACTIVE DURING PERIODS OF REST AND THAT RESULTS IN THE REST OR RELAXATION RESPONSE

PARASYMPATHOMIMETICS
DRUGS THAT MIMIC THE ACTIONS OF THE PARASYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTEM

PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM
DIVISION OF THE NERVOUS SYSTEM CONTAINING ALL NERVOUS TISSUE OUTSIDE THE CNS, INCLUDING THE AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYSTEM

POSTGANGLIONIC NEURON
AUTONOMIC NERVE AFTER THE GANGLIONIC SYNAPSE TRANSMITTING IMPULSES TO THE TARGET TISSUE

PREGANGLIONIC NEURON
AUTONOMIC NERVE BEFORE THE GANGLIONIC SYNAPSE CARRYING IMPULSES FROM THE SPINAL CORD

REST AND DIGEST RESPONSE
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS PRODUCED WHEN THE PARASYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTEM IS ACTIVATED

SOMATIC NERVOUS SYSTEM
NERVE DIVISION THAT PROVIDES VOLUNTARY CONTROL OVER SKELETAL MUSCLE

SYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYTEM
PORTION OF THE AUTONOMIC SYSTEM THAT IS ACTIVE DURING PERIODS OF STRESS AND RESULTS IN THE FIGHT OR FLIGHT RESPONSE

SYMPATHOLYTIC
A DRUG THAT BLOCKS THE ACTIONS OF THE SYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTEM

SYMPATHOMIMETIC
DRUG THAT STIMULATES OR MIMICS THE SYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTEM

SYNAPSE
JUNCTION BETWEEN TWO NEURONS CONSISTING OF A PRESYNAPTIC NERVE, A SYNAPTIC CLEFT, AND A POSTSYNAPTIC NERVE

SYNAPTIC TRANSMISSION
PROCESS BY WHICH A NEUROTRANSMITTER REACHES RECEPTORS TO REGENERATE THE ACTION POTENTIAL

Cholinergic Drugs Affecting the Autonomic Nervous System Basic Functions of the Nervous System • Recognizes the changes in the internal environment and the external environment. • It processes and integrates environmental changes that are perceived. • It also reacts to …

Two divisions of the Nervous System Central Nervous System (brain and spinal cord) Peripheral Nervous System (outside of brain and spinal cord) Two divisions of the Peripheral NS Efferent Division (consists of the neurons that carry signals AWAY from the …

The autonomic nervous system is NOT involved in controlling Skeletal muscle Which of the following does NOT describe the sympathetic division of the ANS? Ganglia primarily found in the head WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC …

Interoceptors are found in A) blood vessels B) visceral organs C) muscles D) all of these choices E) none of these choices D) all of these choices Autonomic motor neurons regulate visceral activities by 1. increasing activities in effector tissue. …

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The autonomic nervous system (ANS) consists of three main anatomical divisions: sympathetic, parasympathetic and enteric nervous systems. The sympathetic (SNS) and parasympathetic (PNS) systems provide a link between the central nervous system and peripheral organs. The sympathetic nervous system originates …

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