pharmacology for lpn review

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angiotension converting enzyme blockers . has what syllable
pril

ace inhibitors do what
convert angiotension 1 to angiotension 2. it is an antihypertension

beta blockers syllable
olol

beta blockers do what
help lower bp, lower pule rate and lower cardiac output

antiinfectives (aminoglycosides) end in what
cin and many end in mycin

benzodiazepines are used for what
anticonvulsants and anitanxiet

benzodiazepines have what syllables
pam, pate or lam

nursing interventions for working with beta blockers
monitor lab values (protein, BUN, creatinine), monitor bp, heart rate and rhytm and monitor for signs of edema

nursing interventions for anti-infectives
obtain a history of allergies, monitor i and o. monitor v/s, monitor for s/s of nephrotoxicity and monitor for s/s of ototoxictiy

nursing interventions for ace inhibirtors
monitor v/s, monitor wbc count, monitor electrolyte count

nursing interventions for benzodiazepines
monitor respirations, monitor liver and kidney function. monitor bone marrow function and monitor for signs of chemical abuse

phenothiazines are for what
antiemetics or neuroleptics. used to tx in clients with schizophrenia

syllable for phenothiazine drugs
zine

glucocorticoids used to treat what
conditions requiring suppression of the immune system and in addisons disease. they have anti inflammatory anti-allergenic and anti stress effects. used for replacement therapy for adrenal insufficiency . also to reduce cerebral edema associated with head trauma, neurosurgery and brain tumors

glucocorticoids what syllable
sone, or cort

antivirals
used to treat herpes, chicken pox,shingles, herpes simplex, cytomegalovirus (cmv), respirator syncytical virus (rsv)

syllable for antivirals
vir

nursing interventions for antivirals
tell client to report a rash, watch for signs of infection, monitor creatinine level, monitor liver profile, monitor bowel pattern before and during tx

cholesterol lowering agents
help lower cholesterol and triglyceride levels and decrease potential for heart disease

cholesterol lowering agents syllables
statin. do not confuse theses statin drugs with statin drugs that are used for anti fungal effects such as mycostatin or nilsat

interventions for cholesterol lowering agents
a deit low in cholesterol and fat, monitor cholesterol, monitor liver and renal, tell client to report visual changes, and monitor for muscle weakenss and pain

angiotensin receptor blockers
block vasoconstrictor and aldosterone-secreting angiotension 2. used to treat primary or secondary hypertension. these drugs lower bp and increase cardiac output

syllable for angiotensin receptor blockers
sartan

nursing interventions for angiotensin receptor blockers
monitor bp and pulse, monitor bun, monitor creatinine and electrolyte, tell client to report edema in feet and legs daily and monitor hydration status

cox 2 enzyme blockers
used to tx osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. this drug category considered to be nsaid

cox 2 enzyme blockers syllable
cox

nursing interventions for cox 2 enzymes
tell client to report changes in bowel habits thatt indicate gi bleeding, monitor platelet count and tell client to report easy bruising

histamine 2 antagonists
used to tx gerd, acid reflux and gastric ulcers. they inhibit histamine 2 release in gastric parietal cells therefore inhibit gastric acids

syllable for histamine 2 antagonists
tidine

nursing interventions for histamine 2 antagonists
monitor bun, administer wit meals, if taking med with antacids, take antacids 1 hour before or after taking drugs. cimietidine may be prescribed in one large dose at bedtime. sucralfate decreases the effects of histamine 2 receptor blockers

proton pump inhibitors
suppress gastric secretion by inhibit the hydrogen/potassium ATPase enzyme system. they are used in tx of gastric ulcers, indigestion and gerd

proton pump inhibitors syllable
prazole and should be given prior to meals

interventions for proton pump inhibitors
do NOT crush pantoprazole (protonix) use a filter when administering IV pantoprazole. may take before meals for best absorption and monitor liver function

anticoagulants
used in tx of thrombolytic disease. used to tx pulmonary emboli, myocardial infarction, dvt, after coronary bypass surgery

anticoagulants syllable
parin. and they are heparin derivative. the client should have ptt checked to evaluate the bleeding time. the antidote for heparin is protamine sulfate

nursing intervention for anticoagulants
blood studies (hematocrit and occult blood in stool should be checked every 3 months) monitor ptt (therapeutic levels are 1.5-2 times the control) monitor platelet count, monitor for s/s of bleeding monitor for signs of infection

HERBAL. feverfew
used to tx migraines, arthritis and fever. should not be taken wit coumadin, aspirin, nsaids, thrombolytics or anitplatet meds b/c it will prolong bleeding time

HERBAL. ginseng
used as an anti-inflammatory. it has estrogen effects, enhances immune system and physical abilities. this herbal decreases anticoagulants and nsaids. should not be taken wit clients who are taken corticosteriods

HERBAL. gingko
used to improve memory and depression. improves peripheral circulation, should not be taken with MAO inhibitors, anticoagulants or anti-platelets

HERBAL. echinacea
used to tx colds, fever and utis. may interfere with immmunosuppressive agents, methotrexate and ketoconizole

HERBAL. kave-kava
tx insomnia and mild muscle aches and pains. increases effects of cns suppressants and decreases effects of levodopa. can increase effect of maoi

HERBAL. st johns wort
to tx mild to moderate depresssion. increases adverses cns effects when used with etoh or antidepressant medications

HERBAL. ma huang
used to tx asthma and hay fever, for wt loss and to increase energy levels. may increase effect of maois, sympathomimetic, theophyllline and cardiac glycosides

pregnancy category. category a
no risk to fetus

pregnancy category category b
insufficient data to use in pregnancy

pregnancy category. category c
benefits of med could outweigh the risks

pregnancy category. category d
risk to fetus exist, but the benefits of the med could outweigh the probable risks

pregnancy category. category x
avoid use in pregnancy or those who may become pregnant. potential risks to fetus outweigh the potential benefits

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy cephalosporin – broad-spectrum – ceph/cefs – similar to PCN/ don’t give if PCN allergy – can cause bleeding w/ …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy Cephalosporin -broad spectrum -ceph/cefs -Similar to PCN/ don’t give if PCN allergy -can cause bleeding w/ other bleeding meds …

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We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy First-Pass Effect Drug absorbed from GI tract and carried to the liver through portal circulation. Some drugs extensively metablized …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy PROTON PUMP INHIBITORS These drugs suppress gastric secretion by inhibiting the hydrogen/potassium ATPase enzyme system. They are used in …

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