Pharmacology Final Review

The oral anticoagulant of choice is:

The dark pigment that provides skin color is:

Oxytocin’s trade name is:

Pediatric drug dosages may be based on:
age, weight, and body surface area

Hormones are secreted by the:
endocrine system

Uricosuric agents are used when:
plasma levels of uric acid will most likely cause tissue damage

Agents that widen the diameter of the bronchial tubes are known as:

Severely elevated blood pressure may be fatal and is known as:
hypertensive crisis

The esophagus is the tube from the:
pharynx to the stomach

A heart attack is clinically termed:
myocardial infarction

Is important for maintaining the resting potential of nerve and cardiac cells:

The generic name for valium is:

An enlarged thyroid gland:

Is indicated by the creatine clearance test:
glomerular filtration rate

The most common cause of death in the U.S.:
cardiovascular disease

Are fungi that infect the skin, hair, and nails:

The most effective antitussives are:
opiod analgesics

Depresses the CNS:
general anesthesia

A major problem concerning drug metabolism in children is:
the lack of FDA requirements for pediatric studies

Fluid accumulation in tissues is:

Agents that reduce circulating blood volume by blocking reabsorption of Na sodium and Ca calcium are:

The skeletal muscle relaxant of first choice is:

Agents that dilate the pupil are:

Are the most effective for lowering cholesterol:

If chemical agents are applied to the skin of a premature infant:
poisoning may occur

The most commonly prescribed digitalis preparation for CHF is:

May cause allergic reactions due to one of their metabolites PABA:

Washing out the stomach:
gastric lavage

Are male sex homones:

Causes dwarfism:

Mast cells release:

If used to treat status asthmaticus causes saliva and mucus to appear pink:

Skin softening agents:

Is loss of sensation or consciousness:

Is a disorder of urate deposition that peaks during the fifth decade of life:

Rheumatoid arthritis of the wrists, feet, and hands is seen more in:
women than men

The most popular ematic is:
ipecac syrup

Is a non-opiod cough supressant:

Are becoming the drug of choice in the first-line treatment of primary hypertension:
ACE inhibitors

Are popular for pediatric administration:
elixers and suspensions

The antithyroid drug that is 10 times as potent as propylthiouracil is:

Pediatric doses are usually stated as:
milligrams per kilogram

Occurs more often in elderly women:

The phase when one becomes reproductively functional is known as:

Make up the lower respiratory tract:
the larynx, trachea, bronchila tree, and lungs

Is a common adverse effect of antiemetics:

The leading cause of death among 65 and older is:
heart disease

Is the outer layer of skin:

Most filtered fluid is returned to the body’s internal environment by the kidneys in a process known as:
tubular reabsorbtion

The main OTC drug for acne is:
benzoyl peroxide

Are used to treat bronchial conditions:
cholinergic blockers

Disperse a fine-particle mist of meds deep into the lungs:

Are used to partially sedate patients prior to surgery:
preanesthetic medications

Is also known as a stroke:

Is the most abundant mineral in the body:

Is air or a clot circulating in the body:


Warfarin sodium

Abnormally fast heartbeat is:

Insulin 70/30 contains:
70 NPH and 30 regular insulin

Is an anticoagulant:

Is a common inflammatory disease of the skin:

Is an inflammatory disorder of the sebaceous glands:
acne vulgaris

Dysregulation of the beta cell function in the pancreas can lead to:
diabetes mellitus

Pepto-Bismal is:
bismuth subsalicylate

Hip fractures in the elderly can occur due to:

The drugs of choice in treatment of intraocular hypertension and chronic open-angle glaucoma are:
beta-adrenergic blockers

Is the chronic disease of the tracheobronchial tree:

Drug therapy for hypertension usually begins with:

Hypertension is:
BP over 140/90

A drug of choice for antithyroid therapy is:
radioactive iodine

The most effective drugs for controlling diarrhea, which require a prescription are the:
opiod analgesics

Is the functional unit of the kidney:

Stop ovulation by causing the pituitary to stop secreting follicle-stimulating hormone FSH:
oral contraceptives

The prototype drug of the histamine H2-receptor antagonist is:
cimetidine (Tagamet)

Are agents that cause blood vessels to expand:

Many cases of gastric ulcer or gastritis are due to the presence of the bacterium:
helicobacter pylori

The main function of the kidneys is to:
regulate the volume, composition and pH of body fluids

After conception:
pregnancy continues for 38 weeks

The action of anesthesia is:

Patients taking alpha/beta blockers should be instructed to make position changes slowly in order to avoid:
postural hypotension

Is also referred to as insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM), or juvenile diabetes:
type 1 diabetes

The most important structure of the heart is:
it’s middle layer, or myocardium

Are the oldest and most frequently prescribed drugs for anginas:

Is not a function of the sympathetic nervous system:
cause bronchoconstriction

Is the leading cause of chronic illness and school absenteism in children:

Is the generic name for anturane:

An anesthetic agent is injected into the subarachnoid space:
during spinal anesthesia

Is the hormone that stimulates powerful uterine contractions and aids labor in its later stages:

May be utilize in cases of severe psoriasis:

In the case of water and electrolytes:
the quantities that enter the body should equal the quantities leaving it.

Are two types of muscle spasms:
tonic and clonic

Is the most abundant organic waste:

Mimic the effect of the sympathetic nervous system:
adrenergic medications

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First-Pass Effect Drug absorbed from GI tract and carried to the liver through portal circulation. Some drugs extensively metablized by liver. Only part of drug reaches systemic circulation for distribution theses types of drugs should not be administered PO (lidocaine/some …

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