Pharmacology Diabetes Meds

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Glucotrol
What is the *trade/brand name* for Glipizide?

Glipizide
What is the *generic name* for Glucotrol?

Oral Hypoglycemic
What *class of drug* is Glucotrol/Glipizide?

Glucotrol/Glipizide
This drug is indicated as an:
● Adjunct to diet and exercise to improve glycemic control in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Glucotrol/Glipizide (*Board question*)
This medication can cause: *Board question*
● Low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) which may occur if you do not consume enough calories (from food, juices, fruit, etc.)
● Easy bruising or bleeding

Glucophage/Glucophage XR
What is the *trade/brand name* for Metformin Hcl?

Metformin Hcl
What is the *generic name* for Glucophage/Glucophage XR?

Oral Hypoglycemic
What *class of drug* is Glucophage/Glucophage XR/Metformin Hcl?

Glucophage/Glucophage XR/Metformin Hcl
This drug is indicated as an:
● Adjunct to diet and exercise to improve glycemic control in adults and children with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Glucophage/Glucophage XR/Metformin Hcl
This medication can cause:
● Low blood sugar (hypoglycemia)
● Lactic acidosis

Bydureon/Byetta(injection)
What is the *trade/brand name* for
Exenatide?

Exenatide
What is the *generic name* for Bydureon/Byetta(injection)?

Hypoglycemic
What *class of drug* is Bydureon/Byetta(injection)/Exenatide?

Bydureon/Byetta(injection)/Exenatide
This subcutaneous injection/drug is indicated as an:
● Adjunct to diet and exercise to improve glycemic control in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
● Not a substitute for insulin

Bydureon/Byetta(injection)/Exenatide
This medication can cause:
● Low blood sugar
● Swelling/weight gain
● Feeling short of breath
● Urinating less than usual or not at all

Bydureon/Byetta(injection)/Exenatide
Antibiotics and birth control pills should be taken at least 1 hr before this medicine as it will decrease effectiveness if taken together.

Actos
What is the *trade/brand name* for Pioglitazone Hydrochloride?

Pioglitazone Hydrochloride
What is the *generic name* for Actos?

Oral Anti-Diabetic Medication
What *class of drug* is Actos/Pioglitazone Hydrochloride?

Actos/Pioglitazone Hydrochloride
This drug is indicated as an:
● Adjunct to diet and exercise to improve glycemic control in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus in multiple clinical settings
● Not be used to treat type 1 diabetes or diabetic ketoacidosis
● Exerts its antihyperglycemic effect only in the presence of endogenous insulin

Actos/Pioglitazone Hydrochloride (*Board question*)
This medication can cause: *Board question*
● Swelling or rapid weight gain
● Painful urination
● Stomach pain, blood in your urine

Amaryl
What is the *trade/brand name* for Glimepiride?

Glimepiride
What is the *generic name* for Amaryl?

Hypoglycemic Agent
What *class of drug* is Amaryl/Glimepiride?

Amaryl/Glimepiride
This drug is indicated as an:
● Adjunct to diet and exercise to improve glycemic control in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus
● Not be used for the treatment of type 1 diabetes mellitus or diabetic ketoacidosis

Amaryl/Glimepiride
This medication can cause:
● Low Blood Sugar
● Severe skin rash, itching, redness, or irritation
● Pale skin, easy bruising or bleeding

Novolin R
What is the *trade/brand name* for Human Insulin?

Human Insulin
What is the *generic name* for Novolin R?

Insulin
What *class of drug* is Novolin R/Human Insulin?

Novolin R/Human Insulin
This injection/drug is indicated to:
● Improve glycemic control in adults and children with diabetes mellitus.

Novolin R/Human Insulin
This medication can cause:
● Hypoglycemia (low blood sugar)*
● Injection Site reactions*
● headache
● hunger
● weakness
● sweating
● tremors
● irritability

Novolin R/Human Insulin
This injection/drug is a human zinc suspension insulin that is an intermediate-acting insulin that starts to work more slowly but lasts longer than regular insulin.

Humulin 70/30
What is the *trade/brand name* for Insulin Human Isoprene Suspension?

Insulin Human Isoprene Suspension
What is the *generic name* for Humulin 70/30?

Insulin
What *class of drug* is Humulin 70/30/Insulin Human Isoprene Suspension?

Humulin 70/30/Insulin Human Isoprene Suspension
This injection/drug is indicated to:
● Improve glycemic control in adult patients with diabetes mellitus.

Humulin 70/30/Insulin Human Isoprene Suspension
This medication can cause:
● Blurred vision
● Diziness
● Drowsiness due to low/high blood sugar levels

Humulin 70/30/Insulin Human Isoprene Suspension
This drug is a fixed ratio premix recombinant human insulin formulation with a mixture of 70% intermediate-acting insulin (isoprene) and 30% short-acting insulin (regular) & starts to work as quickly as regular insulin but lasts longer.

Synthroid
What is the *trade/brand name* for Levothyroxine Sodium?

Levothyroxine Sodium
What is the *generic name* for Synthroid?

Thyroid Hormone/Gland
What *class of drug* is Synthroid/Levothyroxine Sodium?

Synthroid
*Board question*
● If taken it can cause increased energy & metabolism
● If not taken it will cause decreased energy & metabolism.

Synthroid/Levothyroxine Sodium
This injection/drug is indicated:
● As replacement or supplemental therapy in congenital or acquired *hypothyroidism*
● Pituitary TSH Suppression
● In the treatment or prevention of various types of euthyroid goiters
● Thyroid nodules
● Hashimoto’s thyroiditis
● Multi nodular goiter
● As an adjunct to surgery and radioiodine therapy in the management of thyrotropin-dependent well-differentiated thyroid cancer

Synthroid/Levothyroxine Sodium
This medication can cause:
● headache
● sleep problems (insomnia)
● feeling nervous or irritable
● fever, hot flashes, sweating

Tapazole
What is the *trade/brand name* for Methimazole?

Methimazole
What is the *generic name* for Tapazole?

Antithyroid Agent
What *class of drug* is Tapazole/Methimazole?

Tapazole/Methimazole
This tablet/drug is indicated:
● In patients with Graves’ disease with hyperthyroidism or toxic multinodular goiter for whom surgery or radioactive iodine therapy is not an appropriate treatment option
● To ameliorate symptoms of hyperthyroidism in preparation for thyroidectomy or radioactive iodine therapy

Tapazole/Methimazole
This medication can cause:
● Stomach upset
● Nausea
● Vomiting
● Loss of taste
● Headache
● Joint/Muscle pain
● Abnormal hair loss
● Drowsiness
● Dizziness
● Burning/tingling of hands/feet

Glipizide and Metformin (Metaglip) (*Board question*)
Two drugs that can be a combined type of insulin *Board question*

U-100 (100 units of insulin per mL)/U-500 (500 units of insulin per mL) (*Board question*)
How are insulin doses measured? (for adults) *Board question*

Insulin (*Board question*)
● Has to be injected because the body will break it down if it is ingested.
● Will also give the best results if injected in the same general area *Board question*

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy Diabetes mellitus type I Insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) Diabetes mellitus type I Symptoms usually occur before age 15. …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy gestational diabetes mellitus is inability to produce enough insulin to maintain normal glucose levels during pregnancy… glucometer a device …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy diabetes mellitus diabetes caused by a relative or absolute deficiency of insulin and characterized by polyuria hypoglycemic reaction or …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy Causes long-term complications for patients with diabetes Hyperglycemia A test that measures average Blood sugar levels for the last …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy Diabetes mellitus is a chronic metabolic disorder that presents with hyperglycemic blood sugar levels that persist more than normal. …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy Two types of diabetes 1. Type I: Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus (IDDM) 2. Type II: Non-Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus …

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