Pharmacology Clear and Simple Vocabulary CH. 11, 12, 13

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acne
an inflammatory disorder that affects the sebaceous glands.

seborrhea
a condition caused by the overproduction of skin oils.

keratinization
hardening of the epithelial tissue.

comedos (blackheads)
oil glands plugged with melanin granules.

nodules
involve inflammation deep below the skin.

rosacea
a skin irritation without pus.

impetigo
a bacterial skin infection.

nits
lice eggs

thrush
yeast infection in mouth

eczema
atopic dermatitis

psoriasis
an inflammatory skin disease in which the life cycle of the skin cell is shortened.

nevus
mole.

metastasizes
changes location.

dystonia
abnormal tension in one area of the body.

antispasmodics
relieve muscle tension

calcitonin
deposits calcium into bones.

hypocalcemia
low blood calcium.

osteomalacia
when adults bones become soft and brittle because of lack of calcium. Called rickets in children.

osteoporosis
creates holes in bones giving them sponge-like appearance from the lack of calcium.

bisphosponate
treatment for osteoporosis with less side effects than ERTs.

osteoarthritis
erosion of bone at joint.

rheumatoid arthritis
autoimmune inflammation of the joints

gout
type of arthritis caused by buildup of uric acid in joints

disease modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs)
treats rheumatoid arthritis by suppressing autoimmune response.

central nervous system
CNS

psychotropic
drugs that affect the mind or behavior.

synapse
gap between nerves.

neurotransmitters
chemicals that facilitate the movement of messages across the synapses.

blood-brain barrier
barrier in brain that keeps toxic substances and some medications from reaching the brain.

peripheral nervous system
consists of autonomic and somatic systems.

somatic
voluntary.

autonomic
involuntary.

autonomic nervous system
sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems.

sympathetic nervous system
“fight or flight”.

parasympathetic nervous system
“rest and digest”.

cholinergic
releases acetylcholine.

adrenergic
releases norepinephrine and epinephrine.

sympathomimetics
adrenergic drugs. Mimic sympathetic nervous system.

parasympathomimetics
cholinergic drugs. Mimic parasympathetic nervous system.

analgesics
meds that reduce pain with out eliminating feeling or sensation.

narcotics
strong painkillers that suppress the CNS.

anxiolytics
meds that reduce anxiety.

hydantoins
drugs that delay sodium from crossing the neural membranes.

gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)
a neural transmitter that inhibits abnormal electrical activity in the brain.

monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs)
inhibit MAO, an enzyme that terminates the action of neurotransmitters at the synapse.

tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs)
have a three ringed chemical structure that keeps norepinephrine and seratonin at the nerve terminals.

selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs)
prevent serotonin from being used up at the synapse.

neuroleptics
treat the abnormal actions and behavior of psychoses such as talking and interacting with a situation that only the patients can see or hear.

drug holiday
patients quit taking antiparkinsonian meds for a few days and then start them back up at a lower dosage.

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy muscoskeletal system consists of: muscles, tendons, and ligaments that attach to bones and joints and rely on nervous and …

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We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy nasal decongestant dry secretions to alleviate nasal congestion NSAIDs reduce inflamation but do not contain sterioids WE WILL WRITE …

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