Pharmacology Clear and Simple – Ch. 5 – Prescriptions and Labels

medication orders
Rxs provided by a Doc for a patient for a specific medication; include written orders, verbal or standing orders, and stop orders

basic parts of medication orders
preprinted prescriber’s name & contact info

cap
capsule

elix
elixir

g
gram

gr
grain

gtt
drops

mcg
microgram

mEq
milliequivalent

mL
milliliter

mg
microgram

oz
ounce

tab
tablet

T, Tb
tablespoon

t, tsp
teaspoon

legally every drug that is ordered, administered or dispensed must have:
written documentation by the prescriber

Schedule II drug must be written ONLY by the
prescriber

verbal orders
when the prescriber has health care professional write the Rx

STAT order
in an emergency, must be given immediately

Verbal orders ____ for Schedule II drugs
are not permitted

electronic prescription
newer type of medication order; prescriber creates Rx electronically and sends it directly to pharmacy

standing orders
a prescriber may leave a list of these to be used in specific routine circumstance; need to be reviewed & updated regularly, usually on an annual basis; must be signed by prescriber ASAP

automatic stop orders
given for a limited time only; example is Schedule II or III drugs after an injury or surgical procedure

d/c an order
is to discontinue it

Trileptal
antiseizure medication

Tylenol 3
narcotic pain reliever

each prescriber on the Rx pad has a name and a:
DEA number

every Rx must have the following:
name, address, of patient, phone, DEA# of prescriber, date of orderRx, inscription, directions, refill numbers, generic/not, signature

Rx
superscription, which means “take thou” and is an abbreviation for prescription or treatment

inscription
name of drug, dosage, quantity to be dispensed

subscription
refill numbers

signature
directions for taking the drug

signetur: Latin
meaning write on the label

amount of drug dispensed:
amount of medication contained in the Rx bottle, like 30 or 60 pills total

warning labels:
pharmacist places appropriate warning labels on Rx container

NDC
National Drug Code

True or False: Physicians are the only health-care professionals allowed to write prescriptions
False; NP and PAs can as well depending on state regulations

True or False: The DEA issues a specific number to those prescribers who write prescriptions for scheduled drugs
True

True or False: There is only 1 type of medication order
False, there are 6, standing, STAT, written, verbal, electronic, stop

True or False: The abbreviation gtt stands for drops
True

True or False: NDC stands for National Drug Code
True

True or False: OTC medications are never dangerous
False

True or False: A pharmacist can decide whether a generic drug can be used for a brand name drug
False

True or False: A STAT order is a standing order
False, it’s an emergency order

True or False: An automatic stop order means to discontinue the medication after a specific period of time
True

True or False:Rx is the abbreviation for prescription or treatment
True

Which of the following explains how to take a medicine: (A)Inscription (B)Superscription (C)Subscription (D)Signature
(D) Signature

The abbreviation for 3 times per day is: (A) bid (B) o.d. (C) hs (D) tid
(D)tid

Which abbreviations means without? (A)p with line over it (B)x (C)s with line over it (D)c with line over it (E)w
(C)s with line over it

Which means drops? (A)g (B)gr (C)gtt (D)mg
(C) gtt

Which means to give the drug immediately? (A)prn (B)STAT (C)NPO (D)d/c
(B)STAT

The abbreviation for two times per day is: (A)bid (B)o.d. (C)hs (D)tid
(A)bid

Which abbreviation means with? (A)w (B)x (C)c with line over it (D)s with line over it
(C) c with line over it

Which of the following means to take as needed? (A)STAT (B)prn (C)NPO (D)tid
(B)prn

Which abbreviation means that the patient should take nothing by mouth? (A)prn (B)STAT (C)NPO (D)d/c
(C) NPO

The following are examples of warning labels: (A)shake well (B)keep refrigerated (C)do not take with dairy (D)avoid sun exposure (E)all of the above
(E) all above

True/False: In an emergency, it’s not necessary for a verbal order to be signed.
False. Even in an emergency a prescriber should sign a verbal order before the medication is administered to protect the health-care worker legally.

The following are allowed to write prescriptions:
(A)D.O.
(B)M.D.
(C)Nurse practitioner
(D)Physician’s assistant
(E)D.O., M.D., nurse practitioner, physician’s assistant
E. A doctor of osteopathy, medical doctor, nurse practitioner, and physician’s assistant are allowed to write prescriptions. This may vary from state to state, so make sure you know what your state allows.

The part of the prescription that tells how many refills are allowed is the:
(A)Inscription
(B)Superscription
(C)Subscription
(D)Signature
C. Subscription is the refill information. It should never be blank.

What agency determines information required on medication labels?
(A)FDA
(B)DEA
(C)OSHA
(D)Health and Human Services
A. The FDA is the agency which regulates the information required on all medication labels.

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