Pharmacology Clear and Simple – Ch. 19 – Gastrointestinal System Medications

alimentary canal
another name for the gastrointestinal tract

calculus
stone commonly formed from calcium found in the gall bladder or kidneys

cathartic
purging the body quickly; example, cleaning the bowels of stool

constipation
stool with lowered liquid content and less frequent bowel movement

diarrhea
increased frequency of stool and higher fluid content

digestion
the process of converting food into chemical substances that can be used in the body

emesis
evacuation of stomach contents

fissure
crack in the anus

flatulence
air in the gastrointestinal system

gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
acid regurgitates from the stomach up into the esophagus and causes irritation and erosion

H. pylori
bacterium responsible for the majority of ulcers

halitosis
bad breath

heartburn
pain in the area of the heart caused by irritation of refluxed acid into the esophagus

hemorrhoid
varicose veins found in the anus

(HCI)
hydrochloric acid

morbidly obese
weight 20% or more above the recommended ideal weight; usually associated with increased health risks

nausea
feeling of impending vomiting

peristalsis
movement of food and stool through the gastrointestinal tract

reflux
regurgitation of acid up into the esophagus from the stomach

stomatitis
inflammation of the mouth including the gums, lips, and tongue

thrush
candidal (yeast) infection of the mouth where white patches are noted

ulcer
lesion of the skin or mucous membranes

Pharmacology Clear and Simple
ISBN 978-0-8036-2588-4
Chapter 19 Gastrointestinal System Medications.
Terms and definitions are taken word-for-word from the Glossary of this textbook.

Parenteral medications include: all medications that are not injested or introduced into the gastrointestinal system Parenteral meds: (types) topical, ophthalmic, otic, vaginal, nasal, inhaled, and injectable (intradermal ID), subcutaneous (SC), intravenous (IV) WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON …

What marked the beginning of modern pharmacology? During the 1800s chemists were able to isolate the pure chemicals from plants. When did mass production of medicine begin? In the World War II era (1939-1945) WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY …

medication orders Rxs provided by a Doc for a patient for a specific medication; include written orders, verbal or standing orders, and stop orders basic parts of medication orders preprinted prescriber’s name & contact info WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM …

pharmacokinetics study of metabolism and action of drugs with emphasis on drug cycle pharmacology exploration of substances that are used to heal and comfort sick and help us live longer and healthier lives WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE …

nasal decongestant dry secretions to alleviate nasal congestion NSAIDs reduce inflamation but do not contain sterioids WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU FOR ONLY $13.90/PAGE Write my sample immunosupressants used for long term …

OSHA stands for: Occupational Safety and Health Administration FDA stands for: Food and Drug Administration WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU FOR ONLY $13.90/PAGE Write my sample DEA stands for: Drug Enforcement Agency …

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