Pharmacology Cheat Sheet

cef
cephalosporins (antibiotic)
examples – cefadroxil,cefaclor, ceftibuten

cort
corticosteroids
(anti-inflammatory)
examples – cortisone

ceph
cephalosporins (antibiotics)
examples – cephalexin, cephapirin, cephradine

rifa
antituberculines
Help with the treatment of TB
examples – rifamate, rifampin, rifapentine, rifater

sulf
sulfonamides (antibiotics)
examples – sulfadiazine, sulfamethazole, sulfisoxazole

actone
potassium sparing diuretics
Do not promote the secretion of potassium into the urine
examples – aldactone, spironactone

ane
general anesthetics
examples – cyclohexane, ethane, fluorane

ase
thrombolytics
(clot busters)
eminase, retavase, streptokinase

azole
antifungals
butoconazole, econazole, fluconazole

azosin
alpha blockers
(adrenergic antagonists) used to treat high BP
doxazosin, prazosin, terazosin

barbital
barbiturates
(sedative hypnotics)
examples – amobarbital, pentobarbital, secobarbital

caine
local anesthetics
bupivacaine, cocaine, lidocaine, xylocaine

calci
calcium & vitamin D supplements
examples – calciferol, calcitrol, erocalciferol

cillin
penicillins
examples – ampicillin, penicillin

ciclovir
antiviral
examples – famciclovir, ganciclovir

curium
neuromuscular blockers
example- atracurium

curonium
neuromuscular blockers
Cause paralysis to the affected skeletal muscle.
examples – vecuronium, pipecuronium, rocuronium

cycline
tetracyclines (antibiotics)
examples – demeclocycline, doxycycline, mionocycline

cyclovir
antiviral
acyclovir, valacyclovir

dazole
Antimicrobial
Kills microorganisms or prohibits their growth. nitroimidazole
metronidiazole

dipine
calcium channel blockers lower blood pressure. (Prevent calcium from entering the cells of the heart and blood vessel walls)
amlodipine, felodipine, isradipine, nifedipine

dronate
bisphosphonates
Prevent the loss of bone mass. Used for osteoporosis and similar diseases
examples – alendronate, etidronate, pamidronate, risedrontae

ergot
ergotamines
(anti-migraine)
examples – ergotamine, dihydroxergotamine

floxacin
fluoroquinolones (antibiotics)
examples – ciprofloxacin, gatifloxacin, levofloxacin

ine
stimulants
examples -amphetamine, caffeine, terbutaline, theophylline

lam
benzodiazepines (anxiolytics) for anxiety
examples – alprazolam, midazolam

lol
beta blockers
(adrenergic antagonists) they treat high blood pressure, glaucoma, and migraines
examples – atenolol, propanolol, sodalol

lone
corticosteroids
(anti-inflammatory)
examples – methylprednisolone, prednisolone, triamcinolone

micin
aminolgycosides (antibiotics)
examples – gentamicin

mycin
aminoglycosides/macrolides (antibiotics)
examples – erythromycin, tobramycin, vancomycin

navir
HIV/AIDS antivirals
examples – amprenavir, indinavir, nelfinavir, ritonavir

pam
benzodiazepines (anxiolytics) calming effect. Used for anxiety, muscle spasms and alcohol withdrawal systems.
examples – diazepam, lorazepam

parin
anticoagulant
Used to treat and prevent clots
examples- enoxiparin

prazole
proton pump inhibitors (anti-ulcer)
examples – lansoprazole, omeprazole, pantoprazole

pril
ace inhibitor (antihypertensives)
Treat high blood pressure
(Hypertension)
benazepril, captopril, moexipril, quinapril

profen
NSAIDS
(anti-inflammatory)
examples – fenoprofen, ibuprofen, ketoprofen

quine
antiparastics
Kill or inhibit the growth of human or animal parasites
examples – chloroquine, hydroxychloroquine, mefloquine

sartan
angiotension Il receptor antagonist
Cause blood vessels to relax and widen and make it easier for blood to flow through vessels which reduces Blood Pressure
examples – candesartan, losartan, tellmisartan, valsartan

semide
loop diuretic
Used in the treatment of heart failure
They make the kidneys pass out more fluid
example -furosemide

setron
5 HT3 receptor antagonist (antiemetics)
Treatment of nausea and vomiting caused by cytotoxic chemotherapy drugs
example- dolansetron, granisetron, ondanestron

sone
corticosteroids
(anti-inflammatory)
cortisone, dexamethasone, prednisone

statin
HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor
Used to treat hyperlipidemia which is high levels of lipids such as cholesterol or triglycerides in the blood.
example- rosuvastatin

stigmine
cholinergics
Used for urinary retention
examples – neostigmine, physostigmine, pyridostigmine

stine
antineoplastics
Anti cancer drugs that affect the process of cell division
(anti-tumor)
examples – carmustine, lomustine, vinblastine, vincristine

terol
bronchodilators
Open the bronchial tubes of the lungs allowing more air to flow through
examples – albuterol, bitolterol, levalbuterol, pributerol

thiazide
thiazide diuretics
Used in hypertension and congested heart failure and edema
Decrease reabsorption of sodium by the kidney therefor increase loss of water and sodium
examples – benzthiazide, hydrochlorothiazide

tidine
H2 receptor antagonist (anti-ulcer)
cimetidine,famotidine, nizatidine, ranitidine

triptan
anti-migraines

triptyline
Tricyclics (antidepressants)
examples – amitriptyline, nortriptyline, protriptyline

vir
antivirals
examples – abacivir, zanamivir

vudine
HIV/AIDS antivirals
examples – lamivudine, stavudine, zidovudine

zepam, zolam
Benzodiazephiazines (antipyschotics, antiemetics)
examples – chlorpromazine, perphenazine, prochlorperazine

zine
phenothiazines (antipsychotics), antiemetics)
examples – chlorpromazine, perphenazine, prochlorperazine

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