Pharmacology Chapter 7 Urinary Drugs

Electrolytes
Positively or negatively charged molecules

Diuretic drugs
What keeps sodium and potassium from being reabsorbed from the tubules back into the blood?

Based on the site of the drug’s effect in the nephron of the kidney
How are diuretic drugs categorized?

Thiazide diuretic drugs
Act at the loop of Henle and the distal convoluted tubule in the nephron and block sodium and potassium from being reabsorbed from the tubule back into the blood

Loop diuretic drugs
Act at the proximal convoluted tubule, the loop of Henle, and the distal convoluted tubule, but they derive their name from their action at the loop of Henle

Potassium-sparing diuretic drugs
Act at the proximal convoluted tubule and the loop of Henle and cause water sodium and water to be excreted in the urine, but they spare potassium and allow it to be reabsorbed from the tubule back into the blood

Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitor diuretic drugs
Enzyme that is normally present inside cells in the wall of the proximal convoluted tubule

Potassium
What kind of supplements are frequently prescribed for patients taking thiazide diuretic and loop diuretic drugs in order to avoid excessive loss of potassium?

UTI
Treated with drugs that are particularly effective against gram-negative banter (Eschericia coli) that are always present in the gastrointestinal tract and are a frequent cause

Pyridium and Pyridium Plus
What turns your urine red-orange?

Dolled, Urised, and Urogesic Blue
What turns your urine blue-green?

Overactive bladder
Characterized by urinary urgency and frequency due to involuntary contractions of the bladder wall as the bladder fills with urine?

Androgen
Refers to all of the various male hormones

Alpha1-receptor blocker
Causes the smooth muscles of the urethra and prostate gland to relax and allows urine to flow more easily

Prostatitis
Acute or chronic bacterial infection of the prostate gland due to a urinary tract infection or a sexually transmitted disease

Saw palmetto
Small palm tree that is native to the coast of southeastern United States, is effective in treating BPH

Erectile dysfunction (ED)
Inability of a man to achieve and maintain an erection during sexual intercourse

PDE5 Inhibitor and Prostaglandin E1
Drugs used to treat erectile dysfunction

Diuretic drugs, potassium supplements, drugs used to treat UTI, urinary analgesic drugs, etc..
Urinary drugs include

Nephrons
In the kidneys, site of urine production

Thiazide
Loop of Henle

Osmotic diuretic
Rapid-presence of the drug itself that causes a diuretic effect

Carbonic anhydrase inhibitor diuretic
Used to treat edema related to congested heart failure

acetazolamide (Diamox)
Example of a Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitor Diuretic Drug

Eschericia coli
Frequent cause of UTIs

Diuretics Prevent reabsorption of sodium and water by the kidneys What are diuretics used to treat? Hypertension (high blood pressure) Congestive heart failure (CHF) Glaucoma WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU FOR ONLY …

thiazides most frequently used type of diuretic, increasing excretion of water, sodium chloride and potassium loop diuretic on the loop of Henle in the kidney to inhibit sodium and chloride reabsorption, which in turn inhibits water reabsorption back into the …

which of the following is/are classified as an accessory organ of the urinary system ureters, urinary bladder, urethra the shape of a kidney could best be described as bean-shaped WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY …

Kidney Produces Urine Ureter Transports urine toward the urinary bladder Pair of retroperitoneal muscular tubes that penetrate bladder to transport urine. Shape helps prevent backflow of urine when bladder contracts. WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC …

Internal kidney formation of urine Kidney functions regulate blood tonic, regulate glucose levels, regulate blood volume and pressure, maintain osmolarity, produce hormones, excrete wastes WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU FOR ONLY $13.90/PAGE …

Renal Artery Interlobar Artery WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU FOR ONLY $13.90/PAGE Write my sample Renal Vein Renal Capsule Renal pelvis Cortical radiate artery Renal Pyramids Major Calyx Minor Calyx Renal Corpuscle …

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