Pharmacology Chapter 7 McGraw Hill

Bacteria that can survive only in the presence of oxygen

Acquired immune deficiency syndrome

Bacteria that can survive without oxygen

Sever possible fatal systemic hypersensitivity reaction to a sensitizing agent, that is a drug food or chemical

Antimicrobial agent, either naturals or synthetic, that kills or stops the growth of other organisms

A protein like substance produced in the body to fight microorganisms

Anti fungal
Drug that kills or prevents the growth of fungi

Free of pathogens

Machine that sterilizes with steam under pressure, usually at 250 degrees for a designated time

An agent that is destructive to bacteria

Bacteria static
An agent that inhibits the growth or manipulation of bacteria

Broad spectrum antibiotics
Effective against a wide variety of pathogens

Clostridium difficicle
Gram positive, anaerobic, spore forming bacteria that are the major cause of nosocomial infection

Culture and sensitivity test
Laboratory technique for finding out which, if any microbes are present and which antibiotic will be effective against a specific pathogen

Chemical capable of killing bacteria, used in The sterilization process

Plantlike parasitic microorganisms

Gram stain
Laboratory test for identifying microbes

Hepatitis B virus

Human immunodeficiency virus

An exaggerated response to a drug or other foreign agent

Able to resist damage from pathogens

A way of stimulating production if antibodies by exposing the body to weakened or killed germs

An invasion by pathogens that reproduce, multiply, and cause disease

Infectious disease
Disease caused by direct or indirect spread of pathogens from one person to another

Immunizing by administration of a vaccine

Keeping a patient in an environment where pathogens cannot spread from patient to healthcare workers and or vice versa

White blood cells that defend the body against bacteria

Tiny, one celled plants and animals, some are pathogenic/ disease producing mad others are non pathogenic also called microbes

Infections caused by fungi

Narrow spectrum antibiotics
Antibiotics that are effective against specific pathogens

Am infection that occurs Ina hospital or long term care facility

Disease producing microorganisms

Enzyme produced by microbes that makes them resistant to penicillin

Sensitive to light

The ability of a particular microorganism to resist the effects of a specific antibiotic

Standard precautions
Primary strategies for prevention of infection transmitted through blood, body fluid, no intact skin, and mucous membranes

Secondary infection that occurs while the antibiotic is destroying the first infection

Universal precautions
Safety measures that consider all patients potentially infectious with blood borne pathogens

Introduction of an infectious agent for the purpose of establishing resistance to an infectious disease

There are several causes to pneumonia including viruses, bacteria, mycoplasmas (small, free-living particles with characteristics of both bacteria and viruses), and fungi. Infection with the Streptococcus pneumoniae bacterium, also called pneumococcus, is the most common cause of bacterial pneumonia. Streptococcus Bacteria This …

Mycobacterium Waxy cell wall (hard to kill) Most common mycobacterium Tuberculosis Viruses Invade cells of host (intracellular parasites) Reproduce inside cell Efforts to kill viruses tend to kill host cells New drugs target virus-specific process Antibiotics ineffective WE WILL WRITE …

Antiseptics- is a substance, which inhibits the growth and development of microorganisms Asepsis- is the absence of infectious agents that may produce disease Autoclave- An appliance used to sterilize medical instruments or other objects with steam under pressure. Bacteria- are …

1. Define the term antibiotics Antibiotics are a drug used to treat infections caused by bacteria and other microorganisms. Originally, an antibiotic was a substance produced by one microorganism that selectively inhibits the growth of another. Synthetic antibiotics, usually chemically …

Excretion Action by which a drug leaves the body. Absorption The action by which the body takes in or receives a drug. WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU FOR ONLY $13.90/PAGE Write my …

What is pharmaceutics The dosage form that determines the rate of drug dissolution What is pharmacodynamics What the drugs do to the body.. therapeutic effects WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU FOR ONLY …

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