Pharmacology Chapter 7 McGraw Hill

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Aerobic
Bacteria that can survive only in the presence of oxygen

AIDS
Acquired immune deficiency syndrome

Anaerobic
Bacteria that can survive without oxygen

Anaphylaxis
Sever possible fatal systemic hypersensitivity reaction to a sensitizing agent, that is a drug food or chemical

Antibiotic
Antimicrobial agent, either naturals or synthetic, that kills or stops the growth of other organisms

Antibody
A protein like substance produced in the body to fight microorganisms

Anti fungal
Drug that kills or prevents the growth of fungi

Aseptic
Free of pathogens

Autoclave
Machine that sterilizes with steam under pressure, usually at 250 degrees for a designated time

Bactericidal
An agent that is destructive to bacteria

Bacteria static
An agent that inhibits the growth or manipulation of bacteria

Broad spectrum antibiotics
Effective against a wide variety of pathogens

Clostridium difficicle
Gram positive, anaerobic, spore forming bacteria that are the major cause of nosocomial infection

Culture and sensitivity test
Laboratory technique for finding out which, if any microbes are present and which antibiotic will be effective against a specific pathogen

Disinfectant
Chemical capable of killing bacteria, used in The sterilization process

Fungi
Plantlike parasitic microorganisms

Gram stain
Laboratory test for identifying microbes

HBV
Hepatitis B virus

HIV
Human immunodeficiency virus

Hypersensitivity
An exaggerated response to a drug or other foreign agent

Immune
Able to resist damage from pathogens

Immunization
A way of stimulating production if antibodies by exposing the body to weakened or killed germs

Infection
An invasion by pathogens that reproduce, multiply, and cause disease

Infectious disease
Disease caused by direct or indirect spread of pathogens from one person to another

Inoculation
Immunizing by administration of a vaccine

Isolation
Keeping a patient in an environment where pathogens cannot spread from patient to healthcare workers and or vice versa

Leukocytes
White blood cells that defend the body against bacteria

Microorganisms
Tiny, one celled plants and animals, some are pathogenic/ disease producing mad others are non pathogenic also called microbes

Mycoses
Infections caused by fungi

Narrow spectrum antibiotics
Antibiotics that are effective against specific pathogens

Nosocomial
Am infection that occurs Ina hospital or long term care facility

Pathogens
Disease producing microorganisms

Penicillinase
Enzyme produced by microbes that makes them resistant to penicillin

Photosensitivity
Sensitive to light

Resistance
The ability of a particular microorganism to resist the effects of a specific antibiotic

Standard precautions
Primary strategies for prevention of infection transmitted through blood, body fluid, no intact skin, and mucous membranes

Superinfection
Secondary infection that occurs while the antibiotic is destroying the first infection

Universal precautions
Safety measures that consider all patients potentially infectious with blood borne pathogens

Vaccination
Introduction of an infectious agent for the purpose of establishing resistance to an infectious disease

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy There are several causes to pneumonia including viruses, bacteria, mycoplasmas (small, free-living particles with characteristics of both bacteria and …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy Mycobacterium Waxy cell wall (hard to kill) Most common mycobacterium Tuberculosis Viruses Invade cells of host (intracellular parasites) Reproduce …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy Antiseptics- is a substance, which inhibits the growth and development of microorganisms Asepsis- is the absence of infectious agents …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy 1. Define the term antibiotics Antibiotics are a drug used to treat infections caused by bacteria and other microorganisms. …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy Excretion Action by which a drug leaves the body. Absorption The action by which the body takes in or …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy What is pharmaceutics The dosage form that determines the rate of drug dissolution What is pharmacodynamics What the drugs …

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