Pharmacology chapter 7 drugs

What drug is the most established drug in the drug class Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors?(SSRI)
Fluoxetine (Prozac)

What drug in the SSRI class is indicated to treat major depression and obsessive compulsive disorder?
Fluoxetine (Prozac)

What SSRI drug should take be taken in the morning to avoid insomnia?
Fluoxetine (Prozac)

Fluoxetine (Prozac) plus what treatment has shown good results for SAD?
Light (treatment)

What drug class does Fluoxetine (Prozac) belong too?
Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor(s) (SSRI)

What drug class blocks reabsorption of serotonin, which increases the effect on the neurotransmitter?
Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor(s) (SSRI)

What drug class increases both serotonin AND norepinephrine?
Serotonin norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor(s) (SNRI)

What drug class breaks down norepinephrine and serotonin, allowing neurotransmitters to build up with synapse?
monoamine oxidase inhibitor(s) (MAOI)

What earlier drug class acts similarly by preventing neuron reuptake of norepinephrine and/or serotonin?
tricyclic antidepressant(s) (TCA)

What drug class are required by the FDA to include a medication guide?

What drug class shouldn’t be combined with antidepressants?

What auxiliary label should be placed on a prescription for Fluoxetine (Prozac)
Avoid Alcohol

Name the dosage forms of fluoxetine (Prozac)
capsule, oral liquid, tablet

What drug is considered to be a SSRI, although it is different from other drugs in its class?
Citalopram (Celexa)

What SSRI drug is ideal for patients who are required to take a number of different prescriptions concurrently and is approve for OCD and depression?
Citalopram (Celexa)

What drug class does Citalopram (Celexa) belong too?
Selective Serotonin Reuptake inhibitor(s) (SSRI)

Name the dosage forms of Citalopram (Celexa)
oral liquid, tablet

What auxiliry label should be on a prescription for Citalopram (Celexa)?
(may cause) Drowsiness

What SSRI is a brand of fluoxetine targeted for women suffereing from premenstrual dysphoric disorder?

What brand of fluoxetine comes in a seven day pack containing 10mg or 20 mg capsules?

What drug class does Sarafem belong too?
Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor(s) (SSRI)

Name the dosage forms of Sarafem:
oral liquid, tablet

What SSRI drug is the s-isomer of citalopram and has less side effects?
escitalopram (Lexapro)

What are chemical compounds of identical composition but with different arrangement of atoms?

What drug class does escitalopram (Lexapro) belong too?
Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor(s) (SSRI)

Name the dosage forms of escitalopram (Lexapro)
oral liquid, tablet

What SSRI drug has indications for depression, OCD, and panic disorder and has the side effects nausea, headache, ejaculatory, disturbance, and sweating?
paroxetine (Paxil)

What drug class does paroxetine belong too?
Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor(s) (SSRI)

Name the dosage forms for paroxetine (Paxil)
oral liquid, tablet

What SNRI drug is approved for treatment for major depression and the management of pain associated with diabetic neuropathy?
Duloxetine (Cymbalta)

What SNRI has a more balanced reuptake inhibition?
Duloxetine (Cymbalta)

What SNRI drug can be discontinued abruptly , but its dosage must be tapered and has more interactions than other drugs in this class?
Duloxetine (Cymbalta)

What drug class does Duloxetine (Cymbalta) belong too?
Serotonin Norepinephrine Reuptake Inhibitor(s) (SNRI)

Name the dosage form of the drug Duloxetine (Cymbalta)

What SNRI drug is sometimes referred to as “Prozac with a punch.”?
Venlafaxine (Effexor)

What SNRI drug may have an increase in blood pressure from its use and may produce manic episodes?
Venlafaxine (Effexor)

When taking a lower dose of Venlafaxine it affects ________, where as higher doses it also affects ________
serotonin, norepinephrine

What drug class does venlafaxine (Effexor) belong too?
Serotonin Norepinephrine Reuptake Inhibitor(s) (SNRI)

Name the dosage forms of venlafaxine (Effexor)
capsule, tablet

What type of anttidepressants include varieties that contain three fused rings of carbon atoms and four fused rings?
Cyclic (Antidepressants)

What type of antidepressants has a response in greater than 50 percent of patients and usually has a 10-20 day therapy course?
tricyclic antidepressant(s) (TCA)

Tricyclic antidepressants have what auxiliary labels?
blurred vision, take at bedtime, avoid sun exposure

What drug class are most beneficial in atypical depression?
Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitor(s) (MAOI)

What drug class does Bupropion (Wellbutrin, Zyban) belong too?
Miscellaneous Antidepressant(s)

What misc antidepressant drug has been approved as an aid to smoking cessation as well as for seasonal affective disorder?
Bupropion (Wellbutrin, Zyban)

What type of compounds are most commonly prescribed drugs for bipolar mood disorders?
Lithium (Compounds)

What drugs that are lithium compound are referred to as valproates, and are particularly effective in patients with rapid changes of mood and the elderly?
Divalproex (Depakote) valporic acid (Depakene)

What should auxiliary label be on the prescription of Divalproex (Depakote) and Depakene?
Take with food

What is Divalproex (depakote) and Depakene most commonly used for?
To treat bipolar disease(s)

Compazine is sometimes commonly used as what?

What drug is a commonly used antiemetic but in unusual consequences can be prescribed used as an antipsychotic?
Compazine (prochlorperazine)

Name the dosage forms of depakote:
capsule, tablet

Name the dosage forms of Compazine (prochlorperazine)
capsule, injection, oral liquid,suppository, tablet

What drugs are commonly used for to minimize side effects of antipsychotic drugs?
Cogentin, (benztropine) Benadryl (diphenhydramine) Antivert (meclizine)

What type of drug class is associated with metabolic side effects such weight gain, hyperglycemia, new-oneset diabetes, and dyslipidemia?
Atypical Antipsychotic(s)

What are the most commonly used Atypical Antipsychotics?
Abilify, Zyprexa, Seroquel, Risperdal, Geodon

What atypical antipsychotic is a dopamine stabilizaer and has the potential to act differently in different parts of the brain depending on endogenous dopamine activity?
Abilify (aripiprazole)

What atypical antipsychotic does not prolong the time between depolarization and repolarization of the ventricles of the heart between a heart beat? (QT INTREVAL)
Abilify (Aripiprazole)

What atypical antipsychotic has received approval for major depression disorder?
Abilify (Aripiprazole)

Name the dosage forms for the atypical antipsychotic drugs Abilify and Seroquel:

Name the dosage forms for the atypical antipsychotic drug Zyprexa (olanzapine)
injection, tablet

Name the dosage form for the atypical antipsychotic drug Risperdal
oral liquid, tablet

Name the dosage form for the atypical antipsychotic drug Geodon (ziprasidone)
capsule, injection

What Atypical antipsychotic doesn’t affect white blood cells so frequent blood monitoring isn’t necessary?
Zyprexa (olanzapine)

What atypical antipsychotic drug helps patients by decreasing distorted thinking of obsessive-compulsive behavior concerning food? (Like annorexia or weight gain)
Zyprexa (olanzapine)

What auxiliary labels should be on a prescription for Zyprexa (olanzapine) ?
dizziness, avoid alcohol

What atypical antipsychotic drug is structurally related to clozapine but has a lower incidence of the hematologic toxicities associated with clozapine?
Seroquel (quetiapine)

What atypical antipsychotic is indicated for the management of psychotic disorders and dementia in the elderly?
Risperdal (risperidone)

What atypical antipsychotic is the first drug that has been approved for autism?
Risperdal (risperidone)

When taking risperdal (risperidone) there is a significant interaction with what other drug?
Paroxetine (Paxil)

What atypical antipsychotic causes less weight gain than other antipsychotic agents?
Geodon (ziprasidone)

What is a common reason why patients quit taking their antipsychotic medications?
weight gain

What drug has a major problem that prolongs QT intreval, which leads to arrhythmia and death?
Geodon (ziprasidone)

What are the most commonly used antianxiety drugs which are also effective in insomnia, panic disorders, alcohol with drawal syndromes, convulsive disorders, and muscle spasms?

What benzodiazepines produce no active metabolites and thus doesn’t have prolonged effects?
Xanax (alprazolam) lorazepam (activan) oxazepam (serax)

What drug class does Xanax (alprazolam) belong too?

Name the dosage forms for Xanax (alprazolam)
oral liquid, tablet

What SNRI drug is also considered a first line treatment for anxiety?
Venlafaxine (Effexor)

What is one drug that is approved to treat narcolepsy?
Provigil (modafinil)

What drug is a nonamphetamine stimulant, but it is a schedule IV controlled substance?
Provigil (modafinil)

What drug that treats narcolepsy is approved for shift-work disorder, who effects people who work night?
Provigil (modafinil)

What narcolepsy drug is currently being evaluated for ADHD and situations where extended alertness is critical, such as for flight crews?
Provigil (modafinil)

What dosage form is the narcolepsy drug Provigil (modafinil)?

What new drug class has emerged and is replacing the benzodiazepines as the preferred treatment for sleep disorders?
Z hypnotic(s)

What is the primary side effects for sleep medications?
CNS depression, impaired reflex(es)

What drug class does Lunesta (eszopiclone) belong too?
Z hypnotic(s)

What drug class does Sonata (zaleplon) belong too?
Z hypnotic(s)

What drug class does Ambien (zolpidem) belong too?
Z hypnotic(s)

Name the dosage forms of Lunesta and Ambien?

What drug class does Rozerem (ramelteon) belong too?

Name the dosage form of the drug Rozerem (ramelteon)

What drug in the Z hypnotics class is approved for chronic insomnia and has an unpleasant taste?
Lunesta (eszopiclone)

What drug in the Z hypnotics class is similar to Ambien (zolpidem) and should be taken before bed time?
Lunesta (eszopiclone)

What drug in the hypnotics class is approved for sleep onset insomnia and isn’t a controlled substance? and is more potent for melatonin
Ramelteon (Rozerem)

What drug class does Ramelteon (Rozerem) belong too?

What drug in the Z hypnotics group has had reduced effects on skeletal muscle and seizure threshold and shouldn’t be taken for more than 10 days?
Ambien (Zolpidem)

What type of Ambien is approved for long-term use?
Ambien CR

What type of disease is alcoholism?
genetic (Disease)

What is ethanol (alcohol)?

What type of drug class are considered the standard care for detoxification and also prevents detoxification seizures and delirium tremens?

What anticonvulsant reduces cravings for alcohol and takes 6 weeks to be effective and the dosage must slowly increase?
topiramate (topamax)

What anticonvulsant drug suggest that topiramate releases dopamine in the midbrain?
Topiramate (topamax)

What anticonvulsant drug combined with therapy looks promising but has poor compliance because of daily dosing?
topiramate (topamax)

Name the most commonly used alcohol antagonists? (4)
Campral (acamprostate) antabuse (disulfram) revia (vivitrol naltrexone) topamax (topiramate)

What SSRI drug is indicated for depression and OCD disorder with the primary side effect is nausea and should be taken daily with regard to food?
Sertraline (Zoloft)

What SSRI drug should have patients responding in the first 8 weeks of therapy?
Sertraline (Zoloft)

What drug class is Sertraline (zoloft) in?
Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor(s) (SSRI)

What drug class does diazepam (Valium) belong too?

What are benzodiazepine(s) most commonly used to treat?
Antianxiety Agent(s)

What drug class does lorazepam (Ativan) belong too?

What is the DOC for treating bipolar (maniac depressive) disorder and acute mania for prophylaxis or unipolar and bipolar disorders?
Lithium (Compounds)

What antipsychotic has a ceiling dose that shouldn’t exceed 800mg/day?

What type of drugs are the preferred treatment of sleep disorder?
Z hypnotic(s)

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Selective Net inhibitors Atomoxetine (straterra) Viloxazine (Catatrol) Selective Sert inhibitors (SSRI) Citalopram (celexa) escitalopram (lexapro) fluoxetine (prozac) fluvoxamine (luvox) paroxetine (paxil) sertraline (zoloft) vilazodone (Viibryd) Vortioxetine (trintellix) WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU …

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