PHARMACOLOGY: Chapter 15: General Anesthesia

Anesthesia
Without sensation

Emergence phase
When procedure is completed; Anesthetic agents are discontinued and allowed to wear off

Emulsion
Medication is contained in a mixture of water and oil bound with an emulsifier

Endotracheal (ET) tube
Equipment used to intubate patient to restore airway

Extubation
Removal of the endotracheal (ET) tube

Fasciculation
A twitch

Induction phase
Begins when medications are administered to initiate general anesthesia and concludes when an adequate depth of anesthesia is reached and the patients airway is secured

Intubation
Insertion of endotracheal (ET) tube to create airway

Lacrimation
Producing tears

Laryngeal masked airway (LAM)
Equipment used on patients to establish adequate airway

Maintenance phase
Begins as the patients airway is established and continues up until the procedure is complete

Minimum alveolar concentration (MAC)
Measurement of potency of inhalation agents

Opioid
Any drug that has morphine-like actions

Post-anesthesia care unit (PACU)
Where patients are taken to recover from completed surgery

Preindustrial phase
Begins as the patient is admitted into the Preoperative holding area and continues up to the point of administrations of anesthetic agents

Rapid sequence induction
A variation of standard induction used for patients who are at an increased risk for gastric reflux and pulmonary aspiration

Surgical procedures are made possible because of the development of anesthesia. Without any way of reducing pain, most surgeries could not be possible. Anesthesia is the loss of pain sensation through administration of anesthetics. It can be used in medical …

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When someone faces surgery, they most likely have many concerns. Among them usually include going under anesthesia. They may worry about losing consciousness, how they may feel afterward, or if it is even safe. There are several types of anesthesia …

When someone faces surgery, they most likely have many concerns. Among them usually include going under anesthesia. They may worry about losing consciousness, how they may feel afterward, or if it is even safe. There are several types of anesthesia …

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