Pharmacology Chapter 15

Epidermis
ottermost layer of the skin

Dermis
lower most layer of the skin

Melanocytes
makes a cell in the skin/eyes that produces the pigment Melanin

Sweat Glands
are Eccrine and Apocrine

Sunscreens
should protect against both UV-A and UV-B rays, Sensitizing Agent

Sensitizing Agents of Phototoxicity
medications, suntan preparations, scents, cosmetics and dyes

Phototoxicity
is an excessive response to solar radiation in the presence of a sensitizing agent….an abnormal sensitivity to light

Basil Cell
slow growing skin cancer, that rarely metasizes

Aspirin
used to treat sun damaged skin, also for preclampsea (high Blood pressure) in pregnant moms

Bactrim Dispensing Issue
stay out of the sun

Sebaceous Gland Disorder
Seborrhea and acne vulgaris

Seborrhea
excess secreation of sebum (oily secretion)

Differin
acne agent that needs to be refrigerated (cost $150)

Protopic
Immunosuppressant (Gen. tacrolimus)

Psoriasis
produces patches of red scaly skin; usually develops on elbows and knees.
Condition is genetically predetermined, but attacks can be brought on by illness, injury or stress, NO CURE

Acutane
used for Acne, “I Pledge” Program (Do Not get Pregnant-2 types of Birth Control, no donating Blood, and Couseling), Black Box warning. 3 Boxes of 10

BenzaClin (clindamycin-benzoyl peroxide)
Acne agent once mixed expires in 3 months, stored at room temp

Tazorac
used for psoriasis, acne, and wrinkles

Retin-A
topical treatment for acne, stronger than “Renova”, people with darker, oilier skin can tolerate Retin-A 0.1%

Botox (Type A)
Neuromuscular blocking agent used for temporary improvement of wrinkles.

Treatment lasts 3 months

Also used for Excess sweating and Migraines.

Pruritis
itching associated with skin disorders or some systemic disease

Eczema
contact or atopic dermititis, a hot itchy, red, oozing condition

Atopic Eczema
chronic pruritic eruption; allergic, hereditary, and psychogenic factors appear to be involved

Contact Dermatitis
inflammatory reaction in response to contact with an irritating agent ie. Poison Oak/Ivy

Viral Infections
cause shingles, cold sores and warts

Shingles
stress related, caused by herpes zoster

Warts
virally caused epidermal tumors
can lie dormant for years

Genital warts are transmitted by sexual contact

Aldara (Imiquimod)
used to treat genital warts and skin cancer

Abreva
OTC topical for cold sores

Dandruff
DOC selenium sulfide (Head & Shoulders or Selsun Blue)

Rapid shedding of scales from the scalp

Vaniqua
DOC for unwanted facial hair

Candidiasis
fungal infection causing lesions in the couth (thrush) or vagina

Ringworm
infects scaly layer of skin or nails

Lotromin is the preferred drug for treatment

Lotrisone
RX Only Combo drug for fungal/skin disorders

Drugs used to treat Fungal Infections
Fungi-zone, Lotrimin Ultra, Mentax, Loprox, Gyne-Lotrimin, Lotrimin, Mycelex

Monistat
OTC for candidas/yeast infection

Lamisil
OTC or Tablet, that inhibits the synthesis of fungal membranes

Athlete’s FOOT ( apply 2x’s a day)
Ringworm (apply 4x’s a day)

Impetigo
superficial, but highly contagious skin infection

Common in children

Folliculitis
inflammation of the hair follicle

Furuncle
staphylococcal infection of sebaceous gland and hair follicle

Rosacea
chronic dermatologic disorder with erythema, papules and pustules that may become infected; symptoms are treated with antibiotics

Silvadene
SSD
Silver sulfadiazine
Used extensively for burns

Bactroban
topical treatment for impetigo, commonly used

Topical Corticosteroids
Elocon, Kenalog, HC (hydrocortisone)

Corticosteroids (Dispensing Issues)
apply as a very thin film and use sparingly

As a rule, ointments are the most potent, gels are less, and creams are the least
NOT INTERCHANGEABLE

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Acne – Causes When oil (sebum) mixes with dead cells and clogs the pores, acne forms. When bacteria penetrates, it swells and reddens Acne – Treatment Benzoyl peroxide: (topical) reduce acne-causing bacteria Salicylic acid: (topical) unclog pores WE WILL WRITE …

Aerobic Bacteria that can survive only in the presence of oxygen AIDS Acquired immune deficiency syndrome WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU FOR ONLY $13.90/PAGE Write my sample Anaerobic Bacteria that can survive …

What should patient be told to do if applying a foot cream? Leaving foot out, dry, slow absorption, before putting on shoes Antipruritics and -caines, like benzocaine Local anesthetics WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY …

(True/False) The dental healthcare worker is the first professional that patients visit when they notice a lesion in the oral cavity. True What is the first step to treat an oral lesion? Diagnosis WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE …

The causative agent of gas gangrene is Clostridium perfringens Ringworm is caused by a fungi WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU FOR ONLY $13.90/PAGE Write my sample The antimicrobial enzyme that degrades peptidoglycan …

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