PHARMACOLOGY, Chapter 1, 2 and 3

Indications
List of conditions for which a drug is meant to be used

GENERIC NAME
Common name

TRADE NAME
Pharmaceutical company name

CHEMICAL NAME
Exact molecular formula

OFFICIAL NAME
Official name used in USP/NF

OVER-THE-COUNTER (OTC)
No purchasing restrictions by the FDA

LEGEND DRUG
Prescription drug: determined unsafe for OTC.
(birth control, antibiotics, cardiac drugs, hormones

CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES
Drug controlled by prescription requirement because of danger of addiction or abuse. Schedule numbers C-1 to C-5

INDICATIONS
LIST OF MEDICAL CONDITIONS OR DISEASED FOR WHICH THE DRUG IS MEANT TO BE USED FOR.

ACTIONS
DESCRIPTION OF THE CELLULAR CHANGES THAT OCCUR AS A RESULT OF THE DRUG

CONTRAINDICTIONS
LIST OF CONDITIONS FOR WHICH THE DRUG SHOULD NOT BE GIVEN

CAUTIONS
LIST OF CONDITIONS OR TYPES OF PATIENTS THAT WARRANT CLOSER OBSERVATION FOR SPECIFIC SIDE EFFECTS WHEN GIVEN THE DRUG

SIDE EFFECTS AND ADVERSE REACTION
LIST OF POSSIBLE UNPLEASANT OR DANGEROUS SECONDARY EFFECT, OTHER THAN THE DESIRED EFFECT

INTERACTIONS
LIST OF OTHER DRUGS OR FOODS THAT MAY ALTER THE EFFECT OF DRUG OR USUALLY SHOULD NOT BE GIVEN DURING THE SAME COURSE OF THERAPY

PDR
THE PHYSICIANS DESK REFERENCE

INDs
INVESTIGATIONAL NEW DRUGS
HIV infections/AIDS, various cancers, and Alzheimer’s disease

ADRs
Adverse drug reactions:
Unintended side effects from medications

SYSTEMIC EFFECT
Reaches widespread areas of the body

LOCAL EFFECT
Limited to the area of the body where it is administered

FOUR DRUG PROCESSESS (ADME)
*Absorption: Passage of a substance through a membrane into the bloodstream

*Distribution: Moving from the bloodstream into the tissues and fluids of the body

*Metabolism: Physical and chemical alterations that the substance undergoes in the body

*Excretion: Eliminating waste products of drug metabolism from the body

Generic name A drugs official name Pharmacodynamics The study of what drugs do to the body WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU FOR ONLY $13.90/PAGE Write my sample Controlled sunstance A drug that …

Pharmacology Study of the biological effects of chemicals Pharmacotherapeutics Branch of pharmacology that deals with drugs (clinical pharmacology) WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU FOR ONLY $13.90/PAGE Write my sample Preclinical Drug Trials …

Process by which the body takes in or receives a drug Absorption Action by which a drug is released throughout the body Distribution WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU FOR ONLY $13.90/PAGE Write …

What is pharmacology ? The broad scince of the orgin, mature, chemistry, effects and uses of drugs What is clinical pharmacology? The study of the biological effects of a drug used in a medical treatment and the actions of a …

Administer To give to or apply medication on a person Adverse Reaction Unintended, undesirable, and often unpredictable effect of a medication that cause pain, discomfort, or unwanted symptoms; more severe than a side effect WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY …

Bioavailability ability of a drug to reach the bloodstream and target tissues Chemical name Strict chemical nomenclature used for naming drugs established by the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON …

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