Pharmacology ATI 11 (Therapeutic Uses)

stimulate platelet production, thrombocytopenia related to cancer
Oprelvekin (Hematopoietic Growth Factor)
evolving stroke, pulmonary embolism, massive deep vein thrombosis, cardiac catheterization, MI, DIC
Heparin Sodium with Enoxaparin (Anticoagulant)
venous thrombosis, thrombus prevention for clients with atrial fibrillation or prosthetic heart valves, prevention of recurrent MI, TIAs
Warfarin (Anticoagulant)
reduces risk of stroke and embolism for clients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation
Dabigatran (Anticoagulant)
prevention of acute MI or acute coronary syndromes, prevention of stroke, intermittent claudication
Antiplatelet Medications
acute MI, DVT, massive PE, ischemic stroke
Thrombolytic Medications
peptic ulcer disease, GERD
Antacids
gastric and peptic ulcers, GERD, zollinger ellison syndrome
Antisecretory/Blocking Agents
gastric and duodenal ulcers, GERD
Mucosal Protectants
postoperative, chemotherapy, nausea/vomiting associated with disease process
Antiemetics
decreases diarrhea
Psyllium (Stool Softener/Laxative)
relieve constipation
Docusate Sodium (Stool Softener/Laxative)
preprocedure colon evacuation
Bisacodyl (Stool Softener/Laxative)
prevent painful elimination, promote rapid evacuation
Magnesium Hydroxide – Milk of Magnesia (Stool Softener/Laxative)
pulmonary edema caused by heart failure, edema unresponsive to other diuretics
Diuretics
prevent renal failure related to hypovolemia, decrease intracranial pressure related to cerebra edema, decrease intraocular pressure
Osmotic Diuretics
urinary incontinence, urinary urgency and frequency
Anticholinergic Medications for Overactive Bladder
erectile dysfunction, sexual dysfunction in women
Sexual Dysfunction Medications
septicemia, meningitis, pneumonia
Aminoglycosides (Multigeneration Antibiotic – Antimicrobial)
upper respiratory, skin, urinary infections, prophylaxis for clients at risk
Cephalosporins (Multigeneration Antibiotic – Antimicrobial)
bronchitis, chlamydia, gonorrhea, PID, UTI, pneumonia, prostatitis, sinusitis
Fluoroquinolones (Multigeneration Antibiotic – Antimicrobial)
upper respiratory infections, sinusitis, legionnaires disease, whooping cough, acute diphtheria, chlamydia
Macrolides (Multigeneration Antibiotic – Antimicrobial)
UTI
Nitrofurantoin (Multigeneration Antibiotic – Antimicrobial)
pneumonia, upper respiratory infections, septicemia, endocarditis, rheumatic fever, GYN infections
Penicillins (Multigeneration Antibiotic – Antimicrobial)
UTI, bronchitis, otitis media
Sulfonamides (Multigeneration Antibiotic – Antimicrobial)
fungal, bacterial, protozoal, rickettsial infections
Tetracyclines (Multigeneration Antibiotic – Antimicrobial)
candidiasis infections
Flucanazole (Antifungal – Antimicrobial)
prevent malarial attacks, rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus
Hydroxychloroquine, Quinine Sulfate (Antimalarials – Antimicrobial)
trichomoniasis and giardiasis, clostridium difficile, amebic dysentery, PID, vaginosis
Metronidazole (Antiprotozoal – Antimicrobial)
prevention and treatment of TB, latent TB INH, active TB
Isoniazid (INH), Rifampin (Antituberculars – Antimicrobial)
genital herpes, shingles, HIV
Acyclovir, Valacyclovir HCL, Zidovudine (Antiretrovirals – Antimicrobial)
prevention and treatment of osteoporosis, paget’s disease, hypercalcemia related to malignancy
Bisphosphonates
slow joint degeneration and progression of rheumatoid arthritis
DMARDs
provide symptomatic relief of inflammation and pain
Glucocorticoids
provide rapid, symptomatic relief of inflammation and pain
NSAIDs
chronic gouty arthritis
Allopurinol (Antigout)
acute gouty arthritis
Colchicine (Antigout)
generalized anxiety disorder and panic disorder, insomnia, alcohol withdrawal, induction of anesthesia
Antianxiety Medications
bipolar disorder, alcohol use disorder, bulimia, schizophrenia
Bipolar Disorder Medications
acute and chronic psychosis, schizophrenia, manic phase of bipolar disorders, tourrette’s syndrome, delusional and schizoaffective disorders, dementia
Antipsychotic Medications

Anethetists often administer midazolam (Versed) during induction of anesthesia because of which of the pharmacologic actions? causes amnesia adverse effects, carbamazepine (Tegretol)? a) begin taking the drug at a low dosage Adverse effects: visual distrubances, vertigo, and ataxia can result …

Define Half-Life t½ means half life – The time it takes for blood levels of drug to decrease to half of what it was at equilibrium. If maximum level is 16 mg and the half life is 2 hours, after …

Proventil (albuterol) is a bronchodilator used for prevention and long term treatment of asthma attacks. Inhaled agents have minimal side effects. Oral agents can cause tachycardia and angina. Advise clients to observe for signs and symptoms (chest, jaw, or arm …

Antibiotics that block cell wall synthesis by inhibition of peptidoglycan CROSS-LINKING Beta lactams. Penicillin, methicillin, ampicillin, piperacillin, cephalosporins, aztreonam, imipenem Antibiotics that block peptidoglycan SYNTHESIS bacitracin, vancomycin WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU …

Antibiotics that block cell wall synthesis by inhibition of peptidoglycan CROSS-LINKING Beta lactams. Penicillin, methicillin, ampicillin, piperacillin, cephalosporins, aztreonam, imipenem Antibiotics that block peptidoglycan SYNTHESIS bacitracin, vancomycin WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU …

pt is about to begin iron dextran (INFeD). When administering the drug IM, the HCP should take which of the following actions? 1. Monitor BP ** Iron dextran can cause hypotension and hypersensitivity rxns 2. Administer a test dose ** …

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