Pharmacology app

Types of shock
1. Hypovolemic (hemorrhage, severe burns)
2. Cardiogenic (HF, MI, arrhythmia)
3. Neurogenic (spinal cord trauma)
4. Distributive (septic, systemic infection)
5. Anaphylactic (drug, allergen, antigen)
6. Obstructive (tamponade, aortic stenosis, pneumothorax, embolism)

Symptoms of shock
Hypotension (SBP <90), tachycardia, cool skin, deep respiration, fatigue, AMS

Treatment of shock
1. oxygen
2. Stop blood loss
3. Fluids (crystalloids: NS or LR or colloids)
3. Inotropes (meds)

Norepinephrine
Alpha and Beta adrenergic activity, Alpha1/2 activity causes vasoconstriction of arterioles which , B1 activity inc heart rate and contractility which can overcome increased afterload by inc stroke volume

Patients at risk for shock: -Elderly -Critically Ill -Immunocompromised -Surgical -Trauma What are the 3 types of shock? 1. Hypovolemic 2. Septic 3. Anaphylactic WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU FOR ONLY $13.90/PAGE …

What is the definition of shock? What are the types? Inadequate tissue perfusion Hypovolemic, septic, cardiogenic, neurogenic, anaphylactic What are the signs of shock? Hypotension Tachycardia Tachypnea Pale diaphoretic cool skin Decreased mental status and pulse pressure Poor cap refill …

What is the goal with collaborative care and cardiogenic Shock? Restore blood flow to the myocardium by restoring balance between oxygen supply and demand. What are definitive measures for cardiogenic shock? Thrombolytic therapy, angioplasty with stenting, emergency revascularization and valve …

What is hypovolemic shock? loss of blood plasma and interstitial fluids. Begins when intravascular volume decreases by 15% What results from hypovolemic shock? HR incerases, vascular resistance increases, fluid shifts from interstitial to vascular bed to improve BP, Renin-angiotensin system …

Adenosine • SVT • 0.1 mg/kg IV/IO rapid push (max 6 mg) • 2nd dose 0.2 mg/kg IV/IO rapid push (max 12 mg) Albumin • Shock, Trauma, Burns • 0.5 to 1 g/kg (10-20 ml/kg of 5% solution) IV/IO rapid …

Anaphylactic Shock *Description – massive vasodilation caused by release of histamines in response to allergic reaction. *Cause – IV contrast – drugs – insect bites/stings – anesthetic agents – vaccines – foods – materials (latex) *Tx – histamine H2 blockers …

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