Pharmacology Anti-Depressants

Lorazepam
What is the *generic name* for Ativan?

Ativan
What is the *trade/brand name* for Lorazepam?

Benzodiazepines
What *class of drug* is Ativan/Lorazepam?

Ativan/Lorazepam
Which drug is used to treat anxiety by acting on the brain and nerves to produce a calming effect often on the day of surgery?

Ativan/Lorazepam
Which drug works by enhancing the effect of a certain natural chemical in the body Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)?

Ativan/Lorazepam
What drug can cause:
● addiction
● sleepiness/drowsiness
● confusion
● a stronger effect on the elderly

Ativan/Lorazepam
This drug is indicated in adult patients for:
● preanesthetic medication
● producing sedation
● decreased ability to recall events related to the day of surgery
● anticonvulsant (anti-epileptic) effects

Ativan/Lorazepam
This drug is intended for oral or injectable use and is a nearly white powder almost insoluble in water.

Clonazepam
What is the *generic name* for Klonopin

Klonopin
What is the *trade/brand* name for Clonazepam?

Benzodiazepines
What *class of drug* is Klonopin/Clonazepam?

Klonopin/Clonazepam
What drug is most commonly used to treat:
● seizure disorders
● panic attacks

Klonopin/Clonazepam
This drug needs to be used regularly in order to get the most benefit from it.

Klonopin/Clonazepam
What drug is intended for oral use and has unscored tablets with a K-shaped perforation?

Klonopin/Clonazepam
This drug can cause:
● addiction
● depression
● suicidal behavior

Alprazolam
What is the *generic name* for Xanax, Xanax XR, & Niravam?

Xanax/Xanax XR/Niravam
What is the *trade/brand name* for Alprazolam?

Benzodiazepines
What *class of drug* is Xanax/Xanax XR/Niravam/Alprazolam?

Alprazolam
What drug is intended for oral use and is a white crystalline powder, which is soluble in methanol or ethanol but which has no appreciable solubility in water at physiological pH.

Xanax/Xanax XR/Niravam/Alprazolam
Which drug is indicated for the:
● management of anxiety disorder
● short-term relief of symptoms of anxiety
● treatment of panic disorder (w/ or w/o agoraphobia)

Xanax/Xanax XR/Niravam/Alprazolam
Which drug has:
● habit forming (dependence)
● Withdrawal Reactions (including: Seizures, drowsiness or lightheadedness)

Venlafaxine Hydrochloride
What is the *generic name* for Effexor/Effexor XR?

Effexor/Effexor XR
What is the *trade/brand name* for Venlafaxine Hydrochloride?

Antidepressant
What *class of drug* is Effexor/Effexor XR/Venlafaxine?

Effexor/Effexor XR/Venlafaxine
Which drug is used in the treatment of:
● major depressive disorder
● generalized anxiety disorder
● panic disorder
● social anxiety disorder

Effexor/Cymbalta/Lexapro/Paxil
Which four drugs are an anti-depressant in a group of drugs called selective serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SSNRIs)?

Effexor/Effexor XR/Venlafaxine
Which drug is intended for oral use and is white to off-white crystalline solid?

Effexor/Effexor XR/Venlafaxine
This drug is often associated with:
● Suicide Risk
● Clinical Worsening
● Sustained Hypertension
● Serotonin Syndrome.

Duloxetine Hydrochloride (Hcl)
What is the *generic name* for Cymbalta?

Cymbalta
What is the *trade/brand name* for Duloxetine Hydrochloride?

Antidepressant
What *class of drug* is Cymbalta/Duloxetine Hydrochloride?

Cymbalta/Duloxetine Hydrochloride
This drug is intended for:
● Major Depressive Disorder
● Generalized Anxiety Disorder
● Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy
● Fibromyalgia
● Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain

Cymbalta/Duloxetine Hydrochloride
This drug is intended for oral use and its capsules contain enteric-coated pellets.

Cymbalta/Duloxetine Hydrochloride
This drug can cause:
● rebound effect when stopped abruptly
● nausea
● dry mouth
● insomnia
● somnolence
● constipation
● dizziness
● fatigue

Escitalopram Oxalate
What is the *generic name* for Lexapro?

Lexapro
What is the *trade/brand name* for Escitalopram Oxalate?

Antidepressant
What *class of drug* is Lexapro/Escitalopram Oxalate?

Lexapro/Escitalopram
This drug is intended for oral use and comes in film-coated, round tablets with white to slightly-yellow powder inside.

Lexapro/Escitalopram
This drug is indicated for treatment of:
● acute/maintenance of major depressive disorder in adults and in adolescents 12 to 17 years of age
● acute generalized anxiety disorder (GAD).

Lexapro/Escitalopram
If discontinued suddenly, this drug can cause:
● worsening depression
● suicidal risk

Paroxetine Hydrochloride
What is the *generic name* for Paxil/Paxil CR?

Paxil/Paxil CR
What is the *trade/brand name* for Paroxetine Hydrochloride?

Antidepressant
What *class of drug* is Paxil/Paxil CR/Paroxetine Hydrochloride

Paxil/Paxil CR/Paroxetine Hydrochloride
This drug is intended for oral use and comes in a film-coated tablet containing odorless, off-white powder.

Paxil/Paxil CR/Paroxetine Hydrochloride
This drug is indicated for the treatment of:
● major depressive disorder
● obsessions and compulsions in patients with OCD
● panic disorder
● social anxiety disorder
● generalized anxiety disorder
● PTSD

Paxil/Paxil CR/Paroxetine Hydrochloride
This drug is associated with:
● Discontinuation Of Treatment
● Suicide
● Agitation
● Increased effects in the elderly

Benzodiazepine
What is a class of psychoactive drugs whose main purpose is for a group of medicines that are sometimes used to treat:
● anxiety
● sleeping problems
● and other disorders

SSNRIs (selective serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors)
What is a relatively new class of antidepressants, that have been associated with an increased risk of suicide?

Antidepressants
These types of drugs can take 6-8 weeks to build up their effect to have full therapeutic effects.

Alcohol
________ mixed with benzodiazepines increases the risk of damaging the body by:
● Greatly relaxing the muscles & bring the CNS to a crawl
● Result in unconsciousness/coma
● Effect the immune sys. increasing the likelihood of infection
● Cause accidents (such as driving)
● Lead to massive organ failure & death

benzodiazepines
Withdrawal from this class of drug is characterized by physical dependance such as:
● sleep disturbance
● irritability
● increased tension/anxiety
● hand tremor
● sweating
● dry retching and nausea
● weight loss
● palpitations
● headache
● muscular pain and stiffness
● seizures

Antidepressants
The body may respond with physical and emotional symptoms caused by the sudden absence of increased serotonin levels that occur while taking _______.

Antidepressants
A sudden drop of _______ may have some serious effects such as:
● Worsen your depression
● Send your symptoms on a downward spiral
● Set your treatment back
● Contemplate suicide

Lorazepam (Ativan) Mechanism of Action 1/2 Binds to the benzodiazepan receptor and enhances the effects of the brain chemical GABA, an inhibitory transmitter Lorazepam (Ativan) Mechanism of Action 2/2 And may result in a state of sedation, hypnosis, skeletal muscle …

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Selective Net inhibitors Atomoxetine (straterra) Viloxazine (Catatrol) Selective Sert inhibitors (SSRI) Citalopram (celexa) escitalopram (lexapro) fluoxetine (prozac) fluvoxamine (luvox) paroxetine (paxil) sertraline (zoloft) vilazodone (Viibryd) Vortioxetine (trintellix) WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU …

Glucotrol What is the *trade/brand name* for Glipizide? Glipizide What is the *generic name* for Glucotrol? WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU FOR ONLY $13.90/PAGE Write my sample Oral Hypoglycemic What *class of …

Major medications to tx anxiety disorders: Benzodiazepine sedative hypnotic anxiolytics EX: diazepam (Valium) Atypical anxiolytic/non-barbituarte anxiolytics EX: buspirone (Buspar) SSRIs: EX: paroxetine (Paxil) Benzodiazepines: diazepam (Valium) Alprazolam (Xanax) Lorazepam (Ativan) Chlordiazepoxide (Librium) Clorazepate (Tranxene) Oxazepam (Serax) Clonazepam (Klonopin) WE WILL …

We must limit the number of young children who are administered antidepressants, as we do not have sufficient, if any, data regarding the effects of these drugs on the developing brain. Greater involvement from parents, teachers, ministers, and friends, as …

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