Prototypes drugs: Aluminum hydroxide -Amphogel; Magnesium Hydroxide -Milk of Magnesia; Calcium carbonate
Prototype drugs: Misoprotol -Cytotee
Prototypes: Phentermine -AdipexP
Prototype drugs: Simethicone -Alka-Seltzer Anti-Gas
Prototype drugs: Nystatin -Mycostatin
Prototype drug: Dicyclomine -Bentyl, glycopyrrolate (Robinul)
Prototype drugs: Axid -nitzatidine, Carafate -sucralfate and Cytotec -misoprostol
Prototype drugs: Ranitidine hydrochloride -Zantac; cimetidine -Tagamet and famotidine -Pepcid
Prototype drugs; Prilosec -Pantaprazole Protonix-Lansoprazole -Prevacid, Espmeprazole -Nexium
Prototype drugs; Carafate
Prototype drugs; glycol electrolyte solution -Colyte,GoLYTELY,MoviPrep
obstruction, take with water and juice and drink immediately. Increase exercise and high fiber foods. Precaution with Diabetes
Prototype drugs; -Metamucil Calcium polycabopril -Fiber-Con and Methylcellulose -Citrucel
Prototype drugs; sodium -Colace Docusate Sodium Senna -PeriColace
Prototype drugs; Dulcolax; Senna -Sennakot, Ex-Lax
Prototype drugs; and atropine -Lomotil; Loperamide-Imodium
Prototype drugs -Actigall, Urso
Treats diarrhea in women only who have not responded to other IBD treatments; decreases peristalsis, visceral pain and increases absorption of water and sodium; must sign a treatment agreement; do not use in constipation.
Mild to moderate IBD; Sulfa antibiotic which decreases intestinal inflammation; check stool for intact enteric coated pills and notify Dr to possibly order non coated pills to assure absorption. Possible orange- yellow discoloration of urine and skin. Possible arthralgia; report sore throat, fever, dizziness or dyspnea which could be a hematologic side effect, monitor CBC
Prototype drugs; Azulfadine -Mesalamine Asoacol,Rowasa
Prototype drugs; -Xenical
Treats nausea & vomiting in chemo therapy and post-op clients; block serotonin receptors; po, IV prior to chemotherapy, anesthesia or radiation; causes headaches and dizziness.
Prototype drugs; Zofram
Prototype drugs; -Dramamine; Scopolamione -Transderm Scop
Prototype drugs; Reglan
Prototype drugs; sulfate -Feosol
Prototype drugs; vitamin b12, cyanocobalamin
Prototype drugs; folic acid -Folacin
Prototype drugs; warfarin -Coumadin
Prototype drugs; aspirin -Ecotrin
Prototype drugs; Activase or TPA
Prototype drugs; epoetin alfa -Epogen, Procrit
Prototype drugs; filgrastim -Neupogen
Prototype drugs; albuterol -Proventil
Prototype drugs; ipratropium -Atrovent
Prototype drugs; theophylline -Theolair
Prototype drugs; beclomethasone -Deltasone
Prototype drugs; cromolyn -Intal
Prototype drugs; diphenhydramine -Benadryl
Prototype drugs; phenylephrine -Neo-Synephrine
Prototype drugs; dextromethorphan -Benylin
Prototype drugs; guaifenesin -Mucinex
Prototype drugs; captopril -Capoten
Prototype drugs; losartan -Cozaar
Prototype drugs; nifedipine -Procardia
Prototype drugs; clonidine -Catapres
Prototype drugs; hydralazine -Apresoline
Prototype drugs; hydrochlorothiazide -Hydrodiuril
Prototype drugs; furosemide -Lasix
Prototype drugs; spironolactone -Aldactone
Prototype drugs; simvastatin -Zocor
Prototype drugs; nitroglycerin -Nitrostat
Prototype drugs; lidocaine -Xylocaine
hypoglycemia is low blood sugar.
Cushing’s disease is caused by the
oversecretion of the adrenal cortex. Graves’
disease is caused by too much thyroid hormone.
too much insulin causes hypoglycemia.
Lack of insulin causes hyperglycemia.
insulin pumps are worn and used
in certain wasting illnesses, such as AIDS,
anabolic steroids are used to help build tissue.
Addison’s disease is caused by low levels
of adrenal cortex hormones.
D. Weight loss
A. Before opening (while storing)
B. After opening
significantly. After it is opened, it should be stored at room temperature to decrease the pain of injection and discarded after one month.
A. Patient’s aversion to shots
B. Good insurance
C. History of hyperglycemia
D. Poor control of blood sugar
you say to her?
anticoagulants decrease clotting of blood.
antianginals relieve chest pain -angina.
HDLs are the best type of lipids.
diet can decrease lipid levels.
and forming clots.
D. All of the above
of stroke symptoms.
A. ACE inhibitors
B. Calcium channel blockers
C. Beta blockers
D. A and B
C.Has no effect
C.Potassium level alterations
apnea is most common in premature infants.
D. All of the above
inhalation, and IV routes.
D. Mast cell stabilizers
D. Mast cell stabilizers
C. Both A and B
D. None of the above
H. Pylori is the bacteria responsible for causing many peptic ulcers.
those with type O blood are at higher risk for developing ulcers.
anthelmintics are medications used to kill intestinal parasites.
halitosis means bad breath.
cholelithiasis refers to stones in the gallbladder.
medication for gallstones takes up to 2 years to work.
thrush refers to candidiasis of the mouth
C. Helicobacter pylori
B.Proton pump inhibitors
located in the rectum.
Mr. Butterworth’s stomach. How will that affect the absorption of drugs he takes?
would reduce the acidity of the stomach and soothe ulcers. We now know that milk provides an excellent environment for the H. pylori to grow and reproduce.
testosterone provides a hostile environment
for the growth of breast cancer.
HCG increases the testosterone levels, which increase sperm production.
BPH is not terminal, thus, the name “benign.”
reduced libido can occur as a result of
emotional or physiological changes, the physical
changes of aging, or as a side effect of medication.
fertility drugs may cause the release and
fertilization of multiple eggs, resulting in multiple
cervical ripening refers to applying topical
medications to the cervix of the uterus to prepare
it for labor.
sparing, and thiazide diuretics.
D. B and C
induce uterine contractions.
D.None of the above
A.Luteinizing hormone (LH)
B.Interstitial cell-stimulating hormone (ICSH)
C.Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH)
D.All of the above
with the reproductive system.
and estrogen in every pill for a period of 3 weeks?
sistent amount of progestin and estrogen in
each pill for three weeks.
C.Human chorionic gonadotropin
C.Benign prostatic hypertrophy
D.None of the above
why she needs this and whether there is anything else she can do to alleviate the symptoms.
Explain the risks and benefits of HRT to her, as well as potential alternative therapies
dysfunction, however, studies show that there is
an increased risk of breast cancer. Assist her in
exploring alternative therapies such as diet. Give
her any educational materials available. Advise her
to discuss alternative therapies with her physician
to ensure she is not endangering her health.
has begun taking Avodart, he has been denied as a donor. He is upset and wants to know
why this is happening. Explain to Mr. Stephens why taking Avodart makes him ineligible
to donate blood.
Works opposite of Alosetron; increases peristalsis, increases secretion of sodium and water but still decreases visceral pain; Take with food or water. Stop taking with severe nausea, vomiting or abdominal pain and call Dr.
Decrease immune response; Hepatitis, bone marrow depression; monitor liver function and CBC; Caution with liver and renal dysfunction. Risk for infections.
Azathioprine -Imuran, Cyclosporine -Sandimmune; Methotrexate -Rheumatre
Prochlorperazine -Compazine; Promethazine -Phenergan; Metroclopramide -Reglan
Increase bulk and water content of stool, resemble dietary fiber, and are the laxative of choice during pregnancy and for long-term use. A
Given rectally; exert an immediate action that draws water into the stool and irritates the bowel to increase peristalsis, which leads to evacuation of stool within 15 to 60 minutes. C
e. Stool softeners
f. Bowel evacuators
Decrease the consistency of stool by decreasing surface tension and attracting water and fat to the stool. E
Stimulate peristalsis as they act directly on the intestinal mucosa and irritate the bowel; typically effective within 6 to 8 hours. D
Antifungal. e. Nystatin
Antiflatulent. d. Mylicon
Antiemetic. c. Thorazine
Antacids. a. Mylanta
GI stimulant. i. Reglan
Antispasmodic. f. Robinul
evacuant. g. GoLYTELY
Gallstone solubilizing agent. h. Actigall
Mucosal protectant. n. Carafate
Prostaglandin. l. Cytotec
Lipase inhibitor. k. Xenical
Anthelmintic. o. Biltricide
Alpha meds work on the hormone of norepinephrine or noradrenaline while the Beta works on the epinephrine or adrenaline.
4.Beta blockers can cause weight gain while Alpha medications do not.
International Normalized Ratio (INR)
Normal level for an adult: 0.9 – 1.2. Your doctor will determine your therapeutic range.
2 to 5 days.
taken before meals so that it starts to work as food is being digested.
Regular, Velosulin (pump only)
Levemir, Lantus, Ultralente.
or flight response.
tremor, headache, insomnia, weight loss, diarrhea, abdominal cramps, intolerance of heat, fever, menstrual