Pathophysiology: Q7 Ch23-24.26-27

During the stress response, endorphins act as:
Pain blockers

Which of the following drugs causes headache and vomiting when an alcohol ingests small amounts of alcohol?
Disulfiram

Vision in the elderly may be impaired when the eyeball becomes less elastic, thus preventing accommodation and resulting in:
Presbyopia

A patient who has developed a tolerance for codeine will:
Require a larger dose than expected to control pain

Which of the following does NOT contribute to the increasing life span of the general population?
Reduced cognitive and social activities

Synergism can cause an emergency situation when:
A combination of alcohol and drugs has been taken

Withdrawal from any drug is best accomplished
With medical support

Hans Seyle defined his general adaptation syndrome concept, which is also known as:
Fight or flight

Bulimia nervosa is characterized by:
Alternating binge eating and purging

What is a major factor leading to increased occurrence of cancer in the elderly?
Cumulative exposure to carcinogens

Obesity in adolescents is:
> Determined by calculating body mass index (BMI)
> A significant factor in a teen’s self-image
> Related to increased intake of high fat carbohydrates snacks, “fast foods”

Which of the following applies to abuse of anabolic steroids?
They often cause permanent damage to the cardiovascular system

Which of the following is a synthetic opioid that prevents withdrawal symptoms and improves function?
Methadone

All are physiological changes that occur with aging EXCEPT:
Increased basal metabolic rate (BMR)

What is physiological dependence?
Adaptation of the body to a drug, resulting in withdrawal signs after the drug is discontinued

The biological changes associated with adolescence are stimulated primarily by:
The pituitary gland

Sever, prolonged stress may cause acute renal failure or stress ulcers to develop as a result of:
Prolonged vasoconstriction and ischemia

How is scoliosis identified?
Unevenly aligned hips and shoulders

When an increased dosage of a drug causes toxic effects, it is called:
Overdose

Which of the following might fluid and electrolyte deficits cause in a patient with anorexia nervosa?
Cardiac arrhythmias

A serious consequence of a major disaster, first recognized in war veterans is:
Post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

What is a common indication of substance abuse?
Behavioral change

Infectious mononucleosis can be diagnosed by the presence of:
Abnormal lymphocytes and positive antibody test

Which of the following statements is characteristics of alcohol?
It may cause congenital defects in infants born to alcoholic mothers

Predisposing factors to osteoporosis in older women include all of the following EXCEPT:
Decreased parathyroid hormone

After diagnosing a client with pulmonary tuberculosis, the physician tells family members that they must receive isoniazid (INH [Laniazid]) as prophylaxis against tuberculosis. The client’s daughter asks the nurse how long the drug must be taken. What is the usual …

(4) components of upper respiratory tract? external nose, nasal cavity, pharynx, and associated structures (4) components of lower respiratory tract? larynx, trachea, bronchi, and passageways in lungs WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU …

Seizure an abnormal, excessive , disorderly discharge from neuronal aggregate in the CNS resulting in a brief disruption of brain electrical function Manifestations of seizures (5) Manifestations: depend on the location of the seizure activity Motor cortex → Motor convulsions …

The primary function(s) of the pulmonary system is(are) ventilation and respiration. The maintenance of the acid-base balance of the blood is linked to the function of the lungs and the kidneys. WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY …

Etiology is defined as the study of the: Causes of disease What is the cause of an iatrogenic disease? An unwanted side effect of a perscribed drug WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU …

Fractures a break in a bone What is the pathophysiology of a fracture and healing? bleeding–> clot/ hematoma around fracture site–> surrounding tissue becomes necrotic (necrosis)–> inflammation–> dilation of blood vessels and exudate–> increased osteoblast activity (callous)–> new bone–> remodeling …

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