Non-Infectious Diseases

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Basics * Non-infectious diseases (NIDs) are diseases NOT caused by a pathogen. They are also referred to as non-communicable diseases (NIDs). * Ex. include cancer, Parkinson’s and asthma. * A variety of causes contribute to NIDs including genetics, lifestyle choices, and nutrition. Two types of NIDs * NIDs are divided into 2 main groups: * Genetic diseases are caused by mutations in DNA or conditions affecting chromosomes. * Environmental diseases are caused by avoidable and unavoidable environmental factors.

* Many diseases, such as cancer, are believed to be caused by genetic and environmental factors. Genetic Diseases * Many diseases/conditions are caused by genetic conditions. * Down’s syndrome is caused by an extra copy of chromosome 21 * Cystic Fibrosis is caused by a mutation on the X chromosome Environmental Diseases * Environmental diseases are cause by a variety of factors, some of which are avoidable, like a high fat diet, and others which are not, like various forms of radiation.

* Heart disease, Type 2 diabetes, and obesity are all cause in part by avoidable factors. * Skin cancer is caused almost exclusively by overexposure to the sun. Multiple Factors * Some diseases are clearly linked to both environmental and genetic factors. * Cancer is the most well known of such diseases. * Some types of cancer are almost exclusively caused by environmental factors (skin), others by genetics (breast) while others have an unclear mixture of the two (lung). Treatment of NIDs.

* The majority of NIDs cannot be ‘cured’ but often the can be treated and the effects of their symptoms can be maintained. * The combination of genetic and environmental causes makes diseases like cancer incomprehensibly difficult to cure. * Conditions like Down’s syndrome are present in every cell of the body and are likewise very difficult to treat or cure. Preventing NIDs * While many NIDs have no cure, there are many things you can do to minimize your chances of acquiring them. * Get plenty of exercise * Eat a balanced and healthy diet.

* Don’t do drugs, tobacco, or alcohol * Go to doctor and dentist regularly * Minimize exposure to other risk factors The Impact of NIDs * Historically infectious diseases were responsible for the majority of deaths around the world. * However, as vaccine research and technology improved in developed countries, NIDs ( heart disease, cancer, etc ) became increasingly more responsible for these deaths. * In undeveloped countries, infectious diseases still account for many diseases but deaths from NIDs are on the rise.

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy Basics * Non-infectious diseases (NIDs) are diseases NOT caused by a pathogen. They are also referred to as non-communicable …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy Basics * Non-infectious diseases (NIDs) are diseases NOT caused by a pathogen. They are also referred to as non-communicable …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy Despite the advances in medicine and science and technology, infectious diseases caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites continue …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy Non-infectious diseases (also called Non-communicable diseases) are those diseases that are not caused by a pathogen and cannot be …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy Illness and death from infectious diseases are particularly tragic because they are preventable and treatable. Not surprisingly, the poorest …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy Rethinking Emerging Infectious Diseases WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU FOR ONLY …

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