NLN Pharmacology Quiz

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Sulfonamides
Anti-infective; bactiostatic which action on bacteria results from interference with the functioning of enzyme systems necessary for normal metabolism, growth and multiplication. Treats UTI, Chlamydia causing blindness, Crohn’s, and brain abscess.

Activated Charcoal
Treat poison and overdose following oral ingestion. Binds to poison and prevents its absorption by the GI tract and then eliminates in the feces.

Acetylsalicylic Acid (Aspirin)
Blocks pain impulse in peripheral and some CNS; antipyretic result; inhibit platelet aggregation. Don’t give to children under 12 can cause Reye’s Syndrome

Acyclovir (Zovirax)
used for herpes simplex; also for herpes Zoster, varicella. also shingles.

Alteplase recombine (Activase)
Thrombolytic agent; Disolves or breaks down clots to reestablish perfusion. For clients with DVT or PE

Warfarin (Coumadin)
ORAL Anticoagulant; interferes with synthesis of clotting factor that requires Vitamin K

Chelating Agents
A form of detoxification; a synthetic amino acid which attaches to toxic substance such as metal in the blood to facilitate removal from the body.

Epistaxis
Nose Bleed.

EDTA
use in children with lead levels of 45 & 70. Binds to lead in blood and excreted by the kidneys and bowel.

hypocalcemia or hypokalemia
Don’t use EDTA

paradoxical reaction
A response to a drug that is the opposite to the usual response, such as agitation produced in an individual by a drug which is ordered to sedate or calm a person.

Half-Life
The time it takes for a medication to lose half of its pharmacologic or physiologic effect.

Sublingual SL
under the tongue

buccal
between gum and cheek near back of mouth.

Intramuscular injection IM
injection given in the muscle

Agranulocytosis
Acute decrease in the number of granulocytes/leukopenia in peripheral blood.

Androgens
-terone

ACE Inhibitors
-pril

Antidiuretic hormones
-pressin

Antilipidemic
statin

Antiviral
-vir

Benzodiazepines
-lam, -pam

Beta-Blockers
-olol

Calcium Channel Blockers CCB
-pine

Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors
-mide

Estrogens
contain est

Glucocorticoids and corticosteroids
-sone

Histamine H2 Receptor antagonists
-dine

Nitrates
contains nitr

pancreatic enzyme replacement
contain pancre

protone pump inhibitors
-zole

Phenothiazine
-zine

Thiazide diuretics
-zide

Thrombolytics
-ase

Thyroid hormone
contains – thy

Xanthine bronchodialators
-line

Aminoglycoside
Antibiotics, used to treat life threating gram negative infections. The oral route is used as a bowel prep for surgery.

Antiviral protease inhibitor
used prophylactically. used in combination to decrease viral load and increase CD4

Reverse transcript inhibitor
Stops replication/growth. Reduces viral load

HIV
Antiviral protease inhibitor and Reverse transcript inhibitor are used in the treatment of ….

Thiazide diuretics
Non potassium sparing; Acts on distal tubes, blocks reabsorption of sodium, chloride and water. leads to increased loss of potassium. used for edema and mild to moderate hypertension

Hep A
runs its course and is water based

hep B &C
this type of hep is non curable

Atropine Sulfate
Speeds up Heart rate; also a drying agent

Mannitol
electrolyte and water balance agent; osmotic diuretic.

Vitamin B 12

Glucagon
Anti-hypoglycemic; metabolizes in the liver, plasma and kidneys. Emergency treatment of severe hypoglycemia in unconscious clients or those unable to swallow.

Digoxin
antiarrhythmic; Positive inotropic effect, meaning that in increases contraction of the heart muscles and in atrial fib, it slows the heart rate

Epinephrine
Reversed anaphylactic reactions; restores cardiac arrest; can be used for acute asthmatic attacks

heparin
Anticoagulant; hep-lock flush is to maintain patency of IV catheters, and as a med it’s used to DVT, Pulmonary ambolus, angina and acute IM

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy Levothyroxine (Synthroid) -Hormone Replacement -Hypothyroidism Metformin (Glucophage) -Antidiabetic WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy Mannitol reduces the increased intracranial pressure. Osmotic diuretic. Vitamin B12 helps in the formation of RBC. malabsorption syndrome WE …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy Which statement about antitussives is CORRECT? a. Both codeine and dextromethorphan (DXM, DM) are the local anesthetic agents that …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy Electrolytes Positively or negatively charged molecules Diuretic drugs What keeps sodium and potassium from being reabsorbed from the tubules …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy Following the administration of sublingual nitroglycerin to a client experiencing an acute anginal attack, which assessment finding indicates to …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy Ace inhibitors These tend to end in “pril” EXAMPLE: benzapril Lisinopril Ramipril Ace inhibitors Either used for blood pressure …

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