N300 Exam 2: Gallbladder Disorders

The client is four (4) hours postoperative open cholecystectomy. Which data would warrant immediate intervention by the nurse?

1. Absent bowel sounds in all four (4) quadrants.
2. The T-tube with 60 mL of green drainage.
3. Urine output of 100 mL in the past three (3) hours.
4. Refusal to turn, deep breathe, and cough.

1. After abdominal surgery, it is not uncommon for bowel sounds to be absent.
2. This is a normal amount and color of drainage.
3. The minimum urine output is 30 mL/hr.
**4. Refusing to turn, deep breathe, and cough puts the client at risk for pneumonia. This client needs immediate intervention to pre- vent complications.

TEST-TAKING HINT: The test taker should recognize normal data such as the normal urine output and normal data for postopera- tive clients. The test taker should apply basic concepts when answering questions. Normal or expected outcomes do not require action.

The client two (2) hours postoperative laparoscopic cholecystectomy is complaining of severe pain in the right shoulder. Which nursing intervention should the nurse imple- ment?

1. Apply a heating pad to the abdomen for 15 to 20 minutes.
2. Administer morphine sulfate intravenously after diluting with saline.
3. Contact the surgeon for an order to x-ray the right shoulder.
4. Apply a sling to the right arm that was injured in surgery.

**1. A heating pad should be applied for 15 to 20 minutes to assist the migration of the CO2 used to insufflate the abdomen.
2. Morphine sulfate would not affect the etiology of the pain.
3. The surgeon would not order an x-ray for this condition.
4. There is no indication that an injury occurred during surgery. A sling would not benefit the migration of the CO2.

TEST-TAKING HINT: The test taker must under- stand laparoscopic surgery to be able to answer this question. Option “4” could be eliminated because of the “injured during surgery” phrase that is making an assumption.

The nurse is teaching a client recovering from a laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Which statement indicates the discharge teaching was effective?

1. “I will take my lipid-lowering medicine at the same time each night.”
2. “I may experience some discomfort when I eat a high-fat meal.”
3. “I need someone to stay with me for about a week after surgery.”
4. “I should not splint my incision when I deep breathe and cough.”

1. This surgery does not require lipid-lowering medications, but eating high-fat meals may cause discomfort.
**2. After removal of the gallbladder, some clients experience abdominal discomfort when eating fatty foods.
3. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy surgeries are performed in day surgery, and clients usually do not need assistance for a week.
4. Using a pillow to splint the abdomen provides support for the incision and should be continued after discharge.

TEST-TAKING HINT: When answering questions that state “teaching is effective,” the test taker should look for the correct information. Basic concepts should help the test taker answer questions and, because pain often occurs after surgeries, answer option “2” would probably be a correct answer if the test taker had no idea which option is correct.

When assessing the client recovering from an open cholecystectomy, which signs and symptoms should the nurse report to the health-care provider? Select all that apply.

1. Clay-colored stools.
2. Yellow-tinted sclera.
3. Dark yellow urine.
4. Feverish chills.
5. Abdominal pain.

1. Clay-colored stools are caused by recurring stricture of the common bile duct, which is a sign of post-cholecystectomy syndrome.
2. Yellow-tinted sclera and skin indicate residual effects of stricture of the common bile duct, which is a sign of post-cholecystectomy syndrome.
3. Dark yellow urine indicates a residual effect of a stricture of the common bile duct, which is a sign of post-cholecystectomy syndrome.
4. Fever and chills indicate residual or recur- ring calculi, inflammation, or stricture of common bile duct, which is a sign of post- cholecystectomy syndrome.
5. Abdominal pain indicates a residual effect of a stricture of common bile duct, inflammation, or calculi, which is a sign of post- cholecystectomy syndrome.

TEST-TAKING HINT: The test taker must use knowledge of anatomy to answer this question. All answer options have something to do with the abdominal area, and the common bile duct is anatomically near the hepatic duct, which causes the liver signs/symptoms.

The nurse is caring for the immediate postoperative client who had a laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Which task could the nurse delegate to the unlicensed nursing assistant?

1. Check the abdominal dressings for bleeding.
2. Increase the IV fluid if the blood pressure is low.
3. Document the amount of output on the I & O sheet.
4. Listen to the breath sounds in all lobes.

1. This is assessment and cannot be delegated.
2. This intervention would require analysis.
**3. This intervention would be appropriate for the nursing assistant to implement.
4. This would require assessment and cannot be delegated.

TEST-TAKING HINT: The nurse cannot delegate teaching, assessing, and evaluating to a nursing assistant. The nurse cannot delegate any nursing task unless the client is stable and the task does not require judgment.

Which assessment data should the nurse expect to find for the client who had an upper gastrointestinal (UGI) series?

1. Chalky white stools.
2. Increased heart rate.
3. A firm hard abdomen.
4. Hyperactive bowel sounds.

**1. A UGI requires the client to swallow bari- um, which passes through the intestines, making the stools a chalky white color.
2. This would be abnormal data and would be cause for further assessment.
3. This would not be expected from the test.
4. This is a serious finding and should be treated.

TEST-TAKING HINTS: Answer option “2” could be eliminated because it does not have any- thing to do with the gastrointestinal system. A firm hard abdomen is very seldom ever expected, so “3” could be eliminated.

The client is one (1) hour post-endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatogram (ERCP). Which intervention should the nurse include in the plan of care?

1. Instruct the client to cough forcefully.
2. Encourage early ambulation.
3. Assess for return of a gag reflex.
4. Administer held medications.

1. This intervention may irritate the client’s throat.
2. This would not enhance safety.
3. The endoscopic retrograde cholangiopan- creatogram (ERCP) requires that an anesthetic spray be used prior to insertion of the endoscope. If medications, food, or fluid is given orally prior to the return of the gag reflex, the client may aspirate, causing pneumonia that could be fatal.
4. Medications would not be given until the gag reflex has returned.

TEST-TAKING HINTS: The test taker must notice adjectives such as “endoscopic,” which means the procedure includes going down the mouth; “3” is the only option that has anyth- ing to do with the mouth. If the test taker had no idea of the correct answer, selecting a distracter addressing assessment would be appropriate because assessment is the first step of the nursing process.

Which expected outcome would be appropriate for the client scheduled to have a cholecystectomy?

1. Decreased pain management.
2. Ambulate first day postoperative.
3. No break in skin integrity.
4. Knowledge of postoperative care.

1. The expected outcome would be increased pain management for both preoperative and postoperative care.
2. Postoperative care would include ambulation.
3. Prevention of an additional break in skin integrity would be a desired postoperative out- come. The incision would be a break in skin integrity.
**4. This would be an expected outcome for the client scheduled for surgery. This indicates that preoperative teaching has been effective.

TEST-TAKING HINT: The time element is impor- tant in this question. The “expected outcome” that is required is for before the client’s surgery. Option “1” is wrong because of the adjective “decreased.” Adjectives commonly determine the accuracy of answer options.

Which assessment data indicate that the client recovering from an open cholecystectomy requires pain medication?

1. The client’s pulse is 65 beats per minute.
2. The client has shallow respirations.
3. The client’s bowel sounds are 20 per minute.
4. The client uses a pillow to splint when coughing

1. The nurse would expect an increased pulse in the client who is in acute pain.
**2. Clients having abdominal pain frequently have shallow respirations. When assessing clients for pain, the nurse should discuss pain medication with any client who has shallow respirations.
3. These are normal data and would not require further action.
4. Splinting the abdomen allows the client to increase the strength of the cough by increasing comfort and would not indicate a need for pain medication.

TEST-TAKING HINT: The stem asks which data would warrant pain medication. Therefore the test taker should select an answer that is not expected or is not normal for clients who are postoperative abdominal surgery.

Which laboratory value would the nurse expect to find indicating a chronic inflammation in the client with cholecystitis?
1. An elevated white blood cell (WBC) count.
2. A decreased lactate dehydrogenase (LDH)
3. An elevated alkaline phosphatase. 4. A decreased direct bilirubin level.
1. This value would be elevated in clients with chronic inflammation.
2. This value would indicate liver abnormalities.
3. This value would indicate liver abnormalities.
4. This value would indicate an obstructive

TEST-TAKING HINT: If the test taker does not know what the values mean, the test taker should look to the disease process. The “itis” means inflammation, and an educated guess would be that WBCs are elevated in inflamma- tory processes.

Which nursing diagnosis would be highest priority for the client who had an open cholecystectomy surgery?

1. Alteration in nutrition.
2. Alteration in skin integrity.
3. Alteration in urinary pattern.
4. Alteration in comfort.

1. This may be an appropriate client problem, but it is not priority.
2. This may be an appropriate client problem, but is not priority.
3. This may be an appropriate client problem, but is not priority.
4. Acute pain management is the highest priority client problem after surgery because pain may indicate a life-threatening problem.

TEST-TAKING HINT: When a question asks for the highest priority, the test taker should look for life-threatening problems that would be the highest priority for intervention. Pain may be expected, but it may indicate a complication.

The client is six (6) hours postoperative open cholecystectomy and the nurse finds a large amount of red drainage on the dressing. Which intervention should the nurse implement?

1. Measure the abdominal girth.
2. Palpate the lower abdomen for a mass.
3. Turn client onto side to assess for further drainage.
4. Remove the dressing to determine the source.

1. This intervention would help further assess internal bleeding, not external bleeding.
2. This would assess the bladder, not bleeding.
**3. Turning the client to the side to assess the amount of drainage and possible bleeding is important prior to contacting the surgeon.
4. The first dressing change is usually done by the surgeon; the nurse would reinforce the dressing.

TEST-TAKING HINT: The adjectives “large” and “red” indicate that the client is bleeding, and assessment is always priority when the client is having a possible complication of a surgery. Remember assessment is the first step in the nursing process.

The client diagnosed with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) is experiencing metabolic acidosis. Which statement best describes the scientific rationale for metabolic acidosis in this client? 1. There is an increased excretion of phosphates and organic acids, which leads to an …

Priority Nursing Diagnosis for Cholelithiasis or Cholecystitis is: Pain related to laparoscopic or open cholecystectomy secondary to cholecystitis AEB… Plan Cholelithiasis or Cholecystitis is: Client will obtain adequate pain relief to allow comfort. WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE …

A nurse is assessing a client who has diabetes mellitus and is experiencing foot pain. which of the following are signs and symptoms of infection? – increased neutrophils – localized edema A client is taking ibuprofen to treat hip pain. …

calcium supplements Prototypes: calcium citrate (Citracal) calcium chloride or calcium gluconate (iv) alcium citrate (Citracal) calcium chloride or calcium gluconate Therapeutic outcome maintain normal musculoskeletal, neurological, and cardiovascular function; hypocalcemia or deficiencies in the parathyroid hormone WE WILL WRITE A …

The nurse is preparing a client for surgery and asks if the client has an advance directive. The client asks “What is an advance directive?” What is the nurse’s best response to this? An advance directive will communicate your wishes …

The nurse observes that a male client has removed the covering from an ice pack applied to his knee. what action should the nurse take first? observe the appearance of the skin under the ice pack The nurse mixes 50 …

David from Healtheappointments:

Hi there, would you like to get such a paper? How about receiving a customized one? Check it out https://goo.gl/chNgQy