MODS (47-50) Exam 3

The DSM – IV – TR is most clearly designed to _______ psychological disorders
Classify

Some psychological disorders occur primarily in one culture. However, ______ occurs world wide
Schizophrenia

The highest rates of depression occur in _______ countries among _________
Developed; Young Adults

Compared with the general population, those who have suffered
major depressive disorder

Research regarding depression indicates that
with each new generation, depression is increasing in prevalence

Schizophrenia is associated with an excess of receptors for
dopamine

In which type of disorder is a persons speech likely to be so full of unrelated words and phrases that it could be characterized as a “word salad”?
Schizophrenia

Incapacitating efforts to avoid specific anxiety- producing situations is most indicative of certain
phobias

a generalized anxiety disorder is characterized by
A continuous state of tension, apprehension, and autonomatic nervous system arousal

Cecil is preoccupied with thoughts of jumping out the window of his tenth floor appartment. to reduce his anxiety, he frequently counts his heartbeats aloud. Cecil would most likely be diagnosed as experiencing
obsessive compulsive disorder

Disruptive or withdrawn behavior, poor peer relations, and solo play have been noted as early warning signs of
Schizophrenia

A fundamental problem with the diagnostic labeling of psychologically disordered behaviors is that the labels often
bias our perceptions of the labeled person

Ongoing patterns of behavior that are different from those of most other people in your culture are best categorized as
deviant

Rats that recieved unpredictable electric shocks in a lab experiment subsequently became apprehensive when returned to that lab setting. This best illustrates that anxiety disorders may result from
Classical Conditioning

An incapacitating and highly distressing fear about being embarrassed in the presence of others is most characteristic of
social phobia

in comparison to generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder is charaterized by periods of distress that are
more intense and less prolonged

one difficulty with a purely attributional explanation of depression is that negative attributions
may be a consequence rather than a cause of depression

Internal, stable, and clobal explanations of one’s own failures are indicative of
Pessimism

during the manic phase of bipolar disorder, individuals are most likely to be
over active

we can learn more easily extinguish a fear of driving a car than a fear of holding snakes. This is best explained from a _______ perspective
biological

obsessions are
offensive and unwanted thoughts persistently preoccupy a person

a person attacked by a fierce dog developes a fear of all dogs. This best illustrates
stimulus generalization

Research on the causes of schizophrenia strongly suggests that
there is a genetic predisposition to schizophrenia

Mr Hunt believes that he is the president of the US and that he will soon become king. Mr Hunt is most clearly suffering from
Delusions

Rates of non suicidal self injury in the United States are highest among
Adolescent Females

Alexis is socially withdrawn and has few close friends. This behavior is most likely to be diagnosed as a symptom of psychological disorder if it is
preventing her from functioning effectively

Although Adderall is a ________ drug, it is commonly used in the treatment of ________.
stimulant; ADHD

At one time, disordered people were simply warehoused in asylums. These were replaced with psychiatric hospitals in which attempts were made to diagnose and cure those with psychological disorders. This best illustrates one of the beneficial consequences of
the medical model

A current authoritative scheme for classifying psychological disorders is known as the
DSM – IV – TR

After George learned that Mrs. Min suffered from schizophrenia, he mistakenly concluded that her tendencies to laugh easily and smile frequently were symptoms of her disorder. This best illustrates the
biasing power of diagnostic labels.

Ongoing patterns of behavior that interfere with normal day-to-day life are best characterized as
disfunctional

Brian often interrupts his teacher while she is speaking and frequently forgets to complete his homework assignments. He also has difficulty taking turns in playground games with classmates. Brian most clearly exhibits symptoms of
ADHD

An integrated understanding of psychological disorders in terms of stressful memories, evolutionary processes, and gender roles is most clearly provided by
a biopsychosocial approach

After participants in one study were informed that a videotaped interviewee was a psychiatric patient, they characterized the person with phrases such as “a passive, dependent type” and “frightened of his own aggressive impulses.” This study best illustrated the
biasing power of diagnostic labels.

Symptoms of schizophrenia begin to appear at a median age of about
20

Biophsycosocial
a general model or approach positing that biological, psychological (which entails thoughts, emotions, and behaviors), and social factors, all play a significant role in human functioning in the context of disease or illness

DID
(Dissociative Identity Disorder) a severe condition in which two or more distinct identities, or personality states, are present in—and alternately take control of—an individual.

PTSD
(Post Tramatic Stress Disorder) a mental health condition that’s triggered by a terrifying event.

ADHD
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a problem of not being able to focus, being overactive, not being able control behavior, or a combination of these

OCD
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder an anxiety disorder in which people have unwanted and repeated thoughts, feelings, ideas, sensations (obsessions), or behaviors that make them feel driven to do something (compulsions).

DSM – IV – TR
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders) provides a common language and standard criteria for the classification of mental disorders. It is used, or relied upon, by clinicians, researchers, psychiatric drug regulation agencies, health insurance companies, pharmaceutical companies, the legal system, and policy makers

The Medical Model
the “set of procedures in which all doctors are trained.” This set includes complaint, history, physical examination, ancillary tests if needed, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis with and without treatment.

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