MEDTECH Patho Ch. 11

Proper function of the urinary system is frequently evaluated by
urinalysis and blood tests.

The urinary system is responsible for
cleansing the blood of waste products, regulating the normal balance of water and electrolytes, and storing and excreting urine.

The disease that encompasses a group of symptoms referred to as the protein-losing kidney is
nephrotic syndrome.

The symptoms and signs of acute glomerulonephritis may include
edema, hematuria, protein in the urine, and decreased urinary output, an abnormal urinalysis, and hypertension, headaches, and low-grade fever.

Acute glomerulonephritis usually follows
infection by Group A beta hemolytic streptococcus.

The condition of the kidney caused by pressure from urine that cannot flow past an obstruction in the urinary tract is called

The treatment of renal calculi might include
relief of pain, lithotripsy, surgical intervention, increased fluid intake, and diuretics.

Glomerulosclerosis describes renal changes which are due to a systemic endocrine disease and which are typical of
diabetic neuropathy.

Weakening of pelvic floor muscles and the urethral structure as a result of trauma, childbirth, hormonal changes of aging, obesity, or certain medications may precipitate
stress incontinence (enuresis).

Dialysis filters out unwanted elements from the blood, usually removed by healthy kidneys; thus
the body’s proper fluid, electrolyte, and acid-base balance is maintained.

Some nephrotoxic agents known to cause renal damage include
solvents and heavy metals, antibiotics and pesticides.and mushrooms.

The cause(s) of cystitis and urethritis is(are)
an ascending bacterial invasion of the urinary tract

Risk factors for renal cell carcinoma include;
smoking, obesity, and prolonged exposure to chemicals such as asbestosis and cadmium.

Disease that greatly enlarges the kidneys and leads to kidney failure
Polycystic kidney disease

The cause of neurogenic bladder, a bladder control dysfunction, is
damage to the brain, spinal cord, or nerves supplying the lower urinary tract.

Lithotripsy is a procedure used to examine the urinary tract.

Catheterization may be indicated before or after surgery (or both before and after), to relieve urinary retention, to obtain a sterile urine specimen, to irrigate the bladder, or to treat urinary incontinence.

Chronic glomerulonephritis is a slowly progressive, noninfectious disease that can lead to renal failure.

Acute renal failure is a clinical emergency.

Pyelonephritis is the most common type of kidney disease.

Symptoms of renal calculi are the same regardless of the size of the stone.

Hydronephrosis is caused by decreased blood flow to the kidney.

Urinary urgency, frequency, and possible incontinence are symptoms of chronic renal failure.

Polycystic disease is inherited.

The most common symptom of a bladder tumor is gross, intermittent, painless hematuria.

Calyx, calix cup-like collecting region of the renal pelvis Cortex outer region of an organ; the renal cortex is the outer region of the kidney WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU FOR ONLY …

glomerulonephritis An inflammation of the glomerulus of the kidneys, characterized by proteinuria, hematuria, and decreased urine production hydronephrosis Distension of the pelvis and calyces of the kidney caused by urine that cannot flow past an obstruction in a ureter WE …

Renal problems/failure can result from … Obstruction of urine flow/excretion What is GFR? volume of water filtered out of plasma from glomerular capillaries into Bowman’s capsule. WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU FOR …

What is the basic functional unit of the kidneys? A) Nephron B) Renal artery C) Loop of Henle D) Glomerulus A) Nephron Glomeruli are composed of tissue from what system? A) Urinary B) Circulatory C) Excretory D) Lymphatic B) Circulatory …

Glomerulonephritis Many of these diseases are characterized by inflammation of the Glomeruli. This disease can also be acute or chronic. Name this disease. Acute Glomerulonephritis Symptoms come on suddenly and can be temporary or reversible. This disease can come about …

The position of the kidneys behind the peritoneal lining of the abdominal cavity is described by the term retroperitoneal True What hormone promotes active tubular secretion of potassium ions into, along with sodium reabsorption from, filtrate in the distal convoluted …

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