Medical terminology chapter 17

A condition of severe hypothyroidism seen in an adult is called
myxedem

A patient has normal thyroid gland function. Which of the following words would be used to describe the patient’s thyroid gland?
euthyroid

A synonym for growth hormone is
epinephrine

A synonym for growth hormone is
somatotropin

An enlargement of the thyroid gland is called
a goiter

An underproduction of growth hormone from birth leads to a condition known as
pituitary dwarfism

The abbreviation for OGTT stands for
oral glucose tolerance test

The abbreviation for a homone secreted by the parathyroid gland is
PTH

The classic symptoms of hyperglycemia are unexplained weight loss and
polyuria, polydipsia, and polyphagia

The condition caused by enlargement of the head, face, hands, and feet in an adult as a result of excess growth hormone is called
acromegaly

The condition resulting from hypersection of cortisol, and manifested by a “moon” face, obesity of the trunk, osteoporosis, muscle wasting and weakness, and a reduced resistance to infections is called
Cushing syndrome

The disease caused by adrenal gland insufficiency, specifically a decreased production of adrenocortical steroids is called_______________ disease.
adrenal cortical hypofunction

The gland which secretes a hormone that controls the speed at at which the body’s chemical functions proceed (metabolic rate) is the
thyroid

The medical term for protrustion of the eyeball is
exophthalmos

The most effective treatment of hyperparathyroidism is
surgical removal of the gland

The name of the condition that results from very low levels of parathyroid hormone causing painful muscle spasms is
hyperparathyroidism

The pituitary hormone that stimulates the adrenal gland to secrete cortisone is
corticotropin

The suffix which means stimulation is
tropin

The two catecholamines liberated during a stress response are
epinephrine and cortisol

The type of depression that occurs at the same time every year, often in winter, is abbreviated as
SAD

The type of diabetes mellitus caused by the destruction of pancreatic insulin- producing cells, and found predominantly in people under the age of 30 is known as
Type 1 diabetes.

The word hypercalcemia means
a blood condition of excessive calcium

The word which means excessive body and facial hair is
hirsutism

There are usually________________parathyroid glands embedded in the_______________________
4;thyroid gland

Thyroid hormone replacement therapy is used to treat which of the following conditions?
hypothyroidism

Which chemical element is required by the thyroid?
iodine

Which of the following words containing a , root, and suffix refers to a pituitary hormone that stimulates the uterus to contract?
oxytocin

Which of the following words refers to a pituitary hormone that stimulates production of milk?
prolactin

Which of the following words refers to an agent that decreases urine production?
antidiuretic

Which word containing a prefix, root, and suffix refers to a condition involving the jaw?
prognathism

Hypertension, both systolic and diastolic, is a common feature of Cushing syndrome. Other clinical features are likely to attract more attention than the hypertension: obesity with “buffalo hump” and “moon face,” muscular weakness, scattered bruises, and osteoporosis.
The excessive secretion of adrenocortical steroids that is responsible for the syndrome is frequently due to primary disease of
the adrenals, either hyperplasia or discrete tumors. However, the hyperactivity of the adrenal cortex may be secondary to a tumor or malfunction of the pituitary or a neoplasm secreting an ACTH-like substance elsewhere in the body.
Appropriate x-ray studies, including arteriograms or retrograde venograms of the adrenals, may disclose a tumor in the adrenals, hypophysis, or elsewhere.

What is a common clinical feature of Cushing Syndrome?
pituteraty secreting too much

Cushing Syndrome is associated with which of the following?
hypersection of glucocarticoits

What is a probable etiology of Cushing Syndrome?
decreased secretion of ACTH

What is a likely secondary cause of Cushing Syndrome?
therapeutic adminstration of excess cortisol medication

Cushing’s syndrome is a hormonal disorder caused by prolonged exposure of the body’s tissues to high levels of cortisol. It is also called hypercortisolism. Cushing’s syndrome is relatively rare, commonly affecting adults aged 20 to 50. About 10 of every …

A synonym for coronal is: superior A synonym for transverse plane is: horizontal plane WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU FOR ONLY $13.90/PAGE Write my sample The term for lying flat on the …

Polyuria One of the classic symptoms of hyperglycemia Mellitus The M in DM stands for WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU FOR ONLY $13.90/PAGE Write my sample Corticosteroids The Adrenal cortex synthesizes more …

ventilation movement of gases into and out of the lungs pulmonary exchange of gases between air in the alveoli and pulmonary capillaries ( external respiration) WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU FOR ONLY …

The prefix “dys-” means bad, good, difficult The suffix meaning “to rupture” is? -rrhexis WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU FOR ONLY $13.90/PAGE Write my sample The combining form meaning “blue” is? cyan/o …

acidosis condition brought about by an abnormal accumulation of acid products of metabolism such as seen in uncontrolled diabetes mellitus addison disease chronic syndrome resulting from a deficiency in the hormonal secretion of the adrenal cortex. signs and symptoms may …

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