Medical Terminology Chapter 15 Musculoskeletal Terminology and Pathology

hypercalcemia
Excessive calcium in the bloodstream.

decalcification
Removal of calcium from bones.

kyphosis
Abnormal posterior curvature of the thoracic vertebrae.

laminectomy
Removal of a lamina to relieve the symptoms of a ruptured intervertebral disk (disc).

lordosis
Abnormal anterior curvature of the backbones in the lumbar region.

lumbar
Pertaining to the loins or lower back (near the waist) region.

lumbosacral
Pertaining to the lower back and the sacrum.

myelopoiesis
Formation of bone marrow.

orthopedics
The specialty of medicine dealing with bones and bone diseases. Orthopedists
originally straightened (orth/o) the bones of children (ped/o).

osteitis
Inflammation of bones.

osteodystrophy
Poor development of bones.

osteogenesis
Formation of bone.

scoliosis
Abnormal condition of lateral curvature of the spine.

spondylosis
Abnormal condition of vertebrae.

vertebroplasty
Repair of a fractured vertebra.

osteoblast
Immature bone cell.

osteoclast
Large cell found in the bone marrow of growing bones; absorbs and removes
unwanted bone tissue.

spondylolisthesis
Forward displacement of a vertebra over a lower segment.

osteomalacia
Softening of bone.

epiphysis
End of a long bone.

pubic symphysis
Junction of the pubic bones on the midline in front of the body.

osteoporosis
Condition of increased porosity of bone with loss of bony tissue and decrease in
bone mass.

osteotome
Instrument to cut bone.

acetabular
Pertaining to the acetabulum (hip socket).

calcaneal
Pertaining to the calcaneus (heel bone).

carpal
Pertaining to the wrist bones.

supraclavicular
Pertaining to above the collarbone.

subcostal
Pertaining to below the ribs.

chondrocostal
Pertaining to the cartilage attached to the ribs.

craniotomy
Incision of the skull.

craniotome
Instrument to cut the skull.

femoral
Pertaining to the thigh bone (femur).

fibular
Pertaining to the smaller of the two lower leg bones (fibula).

humeral
Pertaining to the upper arm bone (humerus).

iliac
Pertaining to the ilium (upper portion of the hip bone).

ischial
Pertaining to the ischium (lower and posterior part of the hip bone).

malleolar
Pertaining to the malleolus (process on each side of the ankle).

mandibular
Pertaining to the lower jaw bone.

maxillary
Pertaining to the upper jaw bone.

metacarpectomy
Removal of hand bones.

metatarsalgia
Pain of the foot bones.

olecranal
Pertaining to the elbow.

patellar
Pertaining to the kneecap.

pelvimetry
Measurement of the proportions of the pelvic bone (before childbirth).

peroneal
Pertaining to the fibula.

phalangeal
Pertaining to the finger or toe bones.

pubic
Pertaining to the pubis (anterior portion of the hip bone).

radial
Pertaining to the lateral lower arm bone.

scapular
Pertaining to the shoulder bone.

sternal
Pertaining to the breast bone.

tarsectomy
Removal of ankle bones.

tibial
Pertaining to the tibia, the larger and inner of the two lower leg bones.

ulnar
Pertaining to the medial lower arm bone.

ankylosis
Abnormal stiffening and immobility of a joint.

arthroplasty
Surgical repair of a joint.

arthrotomy
Incision of a joint.

hemarthrosis
Abnormal condition of blood in a joint.

hydrarthrosis
Abnormal accumulation of fluid in a joint.

polyarthritis
Inflammation of many joints.

articular cartilage
The cartilage surrounding the bones in a joint.

bursitis
Inflammation of a bursa.

achondroplasia
Improper cartilage formation in development of bones (leads to a type of dwarfism).

chondroma
Tumor (benign) of cartilage.

chondromalacia
Abnormal softening of cartilage.

ligamentous
Pertaining to a ligament.

rheumatologist
Specialist in treatment of joint disorders.

synovitis
Inflammation of a synovial membrane.

tenorrhaphy
Suture of a tendon.

tenosynovitis
Inflammation of a tendon and its sheath.

tendinitis
Inflammation of a tendon; also spelled tendonitis.

arthrodesis
Binding together (surgical fusion) of a joint.

spinal stenosis
Narrowing of the neural canal or nerve root canals in the lumbar spine.

fasciectomy
Removal of fascia.

fibromyalgia
Pain of fibrous connective tissue and muscle

leiomyoma
Tumor (benign) of a smooth muscle.

leiomyosarcoma
Tumor (malignant) of a smooth muscle.

myalgia
Pain of a muscle.

electromyography
Process of recording the electricity in muscle.

.

myopathy
Disease of muscles.

myocardial
Pertaining to heart muscle.

myositis
Inflammation of muscle

plantar flexion
Bending downward of the sole of the foot.

rhabdomyoma
Tumor (benign) of a skeletal muscle.

rhabdomyosarcoma
Tumor (malignant) of skeletal muscle.

sarcopenia
Loss of muscle mass and strength associated with aging.

myasthenia gravis
Condition of muscle weakness caused by a failure in transmission of nervous
impulses from a nerve to muscle cell.

atrophy
Decrease in size of a normally developed organ or tissue; wasting of tissue.

hypertrophy
Excessive development (increase in cell size).

amyotrophic
Pertaining to loss of muscle development (in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis muscles
can’t move because of degeneration of nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord).

abduction
Process of carrying away (muscle is pulled away from the midline of the body).

adduction
Process of carrying toward (muscle is pulled toward the midline of the body).

dorsiflexion
Bending of the foot backward and upward.
polymyalgia Pain of many muscles.

Muscular Dystrophy
Group of inherited diseases characterized by progressive weakness and degeneration of muscle fibers without involvement of the nervous system

hypercalcemia Excessive calcium in the bloodstream. decalcification Removal of calcium from bones. WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU FOR ONLY $13.90/PAGE Write my sample kyphosis Abnormal posterior curvature of the thoracic vertebrae. laminectomy …

Adjacent Lying nearby Bacterium Any unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms that commonly multiply by cell division WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU FOR ONLY $13.90/PAGE Write my sample Bunionectomy Surgical removal of a bunion Calcanean …

Root Provides the core meaning of the word example: pneumonia->Greek for lung or air->pneum Greek meaning lung or air->Pneumonia=infection of the lung tissue Combining Vowel Roots joined to other elements in a medical term by adding the letter “o” to …

ventilation movement of gases into and out of the lungs pulmonary exchange of gases between air in the alveoli and pulmonary capillaries ( external respiration) WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU FOR ONLY …

Against Anti- Eat, swallow phag/o WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU FOR ONLY $13.90/PAGE Write my sample Lymph node lymphaden/o Lymph vessel lymphangi/o Poison tox/o Flesh sarc/o Formative material of cell -plasm Protection, …

Adenoidectomy Removal of the adenoids. Adenoid hypertrophy Increased development. WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU FOR ONLY $13.90/PAGE Write my sample Adenoids Lymphatic tissue in the nasopharynx. Alveolar Pertaining to an alveolus. Alveolus …

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