Medical Terminology "A Body Systems Approach" – Chapter 9 ~ Blood, Lymph, & Immune Systems

Which test determines the presence of pathogens in the blood?

a. Transfusion
b. Blood culture
c. Antinuclear antibody
d. Monospot
e. Complete blood count

b. Blood culture

The liquid medium of blood is:

a. plasma.
b. myeloid tissue.
c. hemoglobin.
d. heparin.
e. fibrinogen.

a. plasma.

The CF poikil/o means:

a. foreign.
b. swallowing, eating.
c. iron.
d. varied, irregular.
e. pointed.

d. varied, irregular.

A CF consists of a word root and a vowel.

true/false

true

Malignant tumor of plasma cells in bone marrow is called:

a. leukemia.
b. multiple myeloma.
c. lymphadenopathy.
d. osteoma.
e. osteocarcinoma.

b. multiple myeloma.

Which procedure involves removal of nodes from an area of malignancy in an effort to control the spread of cancer?

a. Lymphangiography
b. Lymphadenectomy
c. Lymphangiotomy
d. Lymphadenotomy
e. Lymphangiectasis

b. Lymphadenectomy

A CF is used to link a suffix that begins with a:

a. vowel.
b. prefix.
c. connecting vowel.
d. consonant.
e. letter o.

d. consonant.

Which term means a visual examination of a body cavity or canal using a specialized lighted instrument?

a. Resection
b. Endoscopy
c. Ablation
d. Revision
e. Revision

b. Endoscopy

The CF sider/o means:

a. protein.
b. shape.
c. iron.
d. net.
e. different.

c. iron.

Which abbreviation denotes a common blood screening test?

a. APTT
b. CLL
c. CBC
d. AML
e. PCP

c. CBC

The presence of bacteria or their toxins in blood is called:

a. sepsis.
b. bacteruria.
c. hemolysis.
d. hemosiderin.
e. hemophilia.

a. sepsis.

Which procedure involves incision of a valve to increase the size of an opening?

a. Valvuloplasty
b. Valvotomy
c. Valvectomy
d. Valvorrhaphy
e. Valvocentesis

b. Valvotomy

Which disorder is associated with a “butterfly rash” on the nose and cheeks?

a. Multiple myeloma
b. HIV
c. Infectious mononucleosis
d. Leukemia
e. Systemic lupus erythematosus

e. Systemic lupus erythematosus

Which type of blood cell is responsible for the immune response?

a. Thrombocyte
b. Neutrophil
c. Lymphocyte
d. Erythrocyte
e. Granulocyte

c. Lymphocyte

Word endings are called:

a. consonants.
b. word roots.
c. vowels.
d. suffixes.
e. prefixes.

d. suffixes.

Which abbreviation denotes a disease associated with “butterfly rash”?

a. SLE
b. AIDS
c. PCP
d. CLL
e. EBV

a. SLE

Which procedure involves injection of a chemical irritant into a vein to treat varicose veins?

a. Radiotherapy
b. Hydrotherapy
c. Sclerotherapy
d. Chemotherapy
e. Irotomy

c. Sclerotherapy

Which classification of drugs dissolves blood clots?

a. Antibiotics
b. Antivirals
c. Fat soluble vitamins
d. Thrombolytics
e. Antimicrobials

d. Thrombolytics

Which laboratory test is used to diagnose pernicious anemia?

a. Monospot
b. Von Willebrand
c. Complete blood count
d. Schilling
e. Hematocrit

d. Schilling

Which type of test is commonly used to identify blood disorders such as leukemia?

a. Bone marrow aspiration
b. Blood typing
c. Antinuclear antibody
d. Sentinel node excision
e. Blood culture

a. Bone marrow aspiration

Antinuclear antibody test is used to identify antibodies that attack the tissues of an incompatible blood donor.

true/false

false

The suffix -penia means:

a. standing still.
b. abnormal condition.
c. attraction for.
d. decrease, deficiency.
e. carrying, transmission.

d. decrease, deficiency.

What is a viral disorder caused by the Epstein-Barr virus?

a. Anemia
b. Thrombocythemia
c. Thrombocytopenia
d. Infectious mononucleosis
e. Von Willebrand disease

d. Infectious mononucleosis

Which form of treatment alters or enhances the body’s natural immune mechanisms to treat diseases?

a. Immunosuppression
b. Radiotherapy
c. Chemotherapy
d. Immunotherapy
e. Immunodiffusion

d. Immunotherapy

The primary function of platelets is:

a. plasma formation.
b. blood clotting.
c. cellular immunity.
d. phagocytosis.
e. antigen formation.

b. blood clotting.

Pinpoint hemorrhages that appear on the lower leg, usually associated with decreased platelets, are called:

a. ecchymosis.
b. hematoma.
c. extravasation.
d. petechiae.
e. butterfly rash.

d. petechiae.

Which suffix means inflammation?

a. -megaly
b. -oma
c. -ous
d. -itis
e. -ia

d. -itis

Which hereditary disorder involves impairment of the blood-clotting mechanism?

a. Leukemia
b. Hemophilia
c. Infectious mononucleosis
d. Anemia
e. Polycythemia

b. Hemophilia

Which type of bone marrow transplant is prepared from a compatible donor?

a. Homologous
b. Heterologous
c. Xenograft
d. Heterograft
e. Autologous

a. Homologous

The CF blast/o means:

a. color.
b. granule.
c. gland.
d. embryonic cell.
e. clumping, gluing.

d. embryonic cell.

Which word is a diminutive word?

a. Microtic
b. Atom
c. Venule
d. Nucleus
e. Micron

c. Venule

Which term refers to any inflammatory condition of the lungs?

a. Bronchitis
b. Pneumonopathy
c. Pneumoconiosis
d. Lobar pneumonia
e. Pneumonia

e. Pneumonia

Which term means pertaining to a disease of unknown cause?

a. Diagnostic
b. Prognostic
c. Idiopathic
d. Iatrogenic
e. Pathogenic

c. Idiopathic

Which type of anesthetic blocks sensation of pain by numbing the skin layers?

a. Topical
b. Local
c. Spinal
d. Epidural
e. General

a. Topical

Histamines and heparin are released by:

a. monocytes.
b. neutrophils.
c. basophils.
d. macrophages.
e. erythrocytes.

c. basophils.

The CF kary/o means:

a. nucleus.
b. strange, foreign.
c. gland.
d. granule.
e. dawn (rose-colored).

a. nucleus.

Which suffix means binding, fixation (of a bone or joint)?

a. -pexy
b. -centesis
c. -tomy
d. -plasty
e. -desis

e. -desis

HIV patients are commonly treated prophylactically with antimicrobials to prevent development of PCP.

true/false

true

Which term means double vision?

a. Divisual
b. Diplopia
c. Monopia
d. Bivisual
e. Bilateral

b. Diplopia

Phagocytosis is a function of which of the following cells?

a. Erythrocytes
b. Macrocytes
c. Macrophages
d. Thrombocytes
e. Reticulocytes

c. Macrophages

Which abbreviation denotes a test that measures the time for plasma to form a clot?

a. APTT
b. PT
c. RBC
d. PTT
e. CBC

b. PT

Which test is used to screen for deficiencies of some clotting factors?

a. Schilling
b. Coumadin
c. Complete blood count
d. Partial thromboplastin time
e. Prothrombin time

d. Partial thromboplastin time

What are the smallest formed elements found in blood?

a. Neutrophils
b. Platelets
c. Erythrocytes
d. Monocytes
e. Basophils

b. Platelets

Which vessels carry blood away from the heart?

a. Lymphatics
b. Veins
c. Arteries
d. Capillaries
e. Venae cavae

c. Arteries

Which type of anemia is caused by bone marrow failure?

a. Aplastic
b. Sickle cell
c. Pernicious
d. Hemorrhagic
e. Hemolytic

a. Aplastic

Which agents prevent blood clot formation in deep veins?

a. Hemostatics
b. Thrombostatics
c. Anticoagulants
d. Thrombolytics
e. Antifibrinolytics

c. Anticoagulants

Which type of anemia involves severe pain caused by crescent-shaped RBCs that are unable to pass through blood vessels?

a. Iron deficiency anemia
b. Pernicious anemia
c. Hemolytic anemia
d. Aplastic anemia
e. Sickle cell anemia

e. Sickle cell anemia

Which substance used in radiology spontaneously emits radiation?

a. Barium
b. Radiopharmaceutical
c. Ionizing radiation
d. Contrast dye
e. Radiopaque dye

b. Radiopharmaceutical

The CF thromb/o means:

a. chest.
b. spleen.
c. blood clot.
d. thymus.
e. throbbing.

c. blood clot.

Which laboratory test identifies antibodies that attack the individual’s own body cells?

a. Blood typing
b. Blood culture
c. Bone marrow
d. Antinuclear antibody
e. Complete blood count

d. Antinuclear antibody

Which sensitive imaging procedure detects abnormalities in bone marrow, especially in multiple myeloma?

a. Bone marrow MRI
b. Bone marrow x-ray
c. Lymphoscintigraphy
d. Bone marrow CT
e. Lymphangiography

a. Bone Marrow MRI

The suffix -phil means:

a. attraction for.
b. decrease, deficiency.
c. formation, production.
d. protection.
e. formation.

a. attraction for.

The initial exposure to an allergen is called:

a. immunocompetency.
b. induration.
c. sensitization.
d. anaphylaxis.
e. urticaria.

c. sensitization.

Sickle cell anemia is a type of poikilocytosis.
true/false
true

The combining form (CF) neutr/o means:

a. unknown.
b. same.
c. neither.
d. strange.
e. different.

c. neither.

Which treatment uses immune system stimulators to enhance the immune response?

a. Immunodiffusion
b. Biotherapy
c. Immunosuppression
d. Immunophoresis
e. Immunoprecipitation

b. Biotherapy

Blood plasma minus fibrinogen and other clotting factors is:

a. histamine.
b. serum.
c. thromboplastin.
d. cytoplasm.
e. heparin.

b. serum.

The suffix -stasis means:

a. standing still.
b. blood condition.
c. decrease.
d. protein.
e. remain.

a. standing still.

The term pruritus means:

a. inflammation.
b. clumping.
c. infection.
d. extreme itching.
e. coagulation.

d. extreme itching.

Two common anticoagulants are heparin and warfarin.

true/false

true

The process in which a transplant recipient’s immune system attacks the transplanted organ or tissue is called:

a. graft vs. host disease.
b. disseminated intravascular coagulation.
c. viscerogenic.
d. graft elimination.
e. graft rejection.

e. graft rejection.

The prefix iso- means:

a. same, equal.
b. small.
c. lacking, without.
d. varied.
e. unequal.

a. same, equal.

Which abbreviation stands for mononuclear leukocytes?

a. PT
b. NK cells
c. PMN
d. MNL
e. eos

d. MNL

Hemophilia is also called “bleeder’s disease.”

true/false

true

The CF xen/o means:

a. net, mesh.
b. iron.
c. change.
d. foreign, strange.
e. dry.

d. foreign, strange.

Blood development is called:

a. hemostasis.
b. hematopoiesis.
c. autoimmunity.
d. hematocrit.
e. dyscrasia.

b. hematopoiesis.

Which imaging test uses “tracers” to determine lymph flow or lymph obstructions?

a. Computed tomography
b. Lymphoscintigraphy
c. X-ray
d. Lymphangiography
e. Magnetic resonance imaging

b. Lymphoscintigraphy

Kaposi sarcoma is a malignancy of connective tissue, including bone and muscle.

true/false

true

Autoimmunity is the failure of the body to distinguish accurately between “self” and “nonself.”

true/false

true

The chief component of blood plasma is:

a. plasma proteins.
b. hormones.
c. electrolytes.
d. water.
e. excretory products.

d. water.

Hemophilia treatment consists of intravenous administration of the deficient factor.

true/false

true

The CF chrom/o means:

a. color.
b. change.
c. embryonic.
d. different.
e. net.

a. color.

Which word means inflammation of the joints?

a. Oste/o/arthr/itis
b. Oste/itis
c. Chondr/itis
d. Oste/o/chondr/itis
e. Arthr/itis

e. Arthr/itis

Which vessels emerge from the aorta to supply the heart muscle with blood?

a. Pulmonary arteries
b. Superior vena cava
c. Carotid arteries
d. Pulmonary veins
e. Coronary arteries

e. Coronary arteries

Which test measures the time it takes for plasma to form a clot?

a. Partial thromboplastin time
b. Factor VIII
c. Prothrombin time
d. Prothrombin elucidation
e. Partial prothrombin time

c. Prothrombin time

Patients with AIDS commonly develop:

a. opportunistic infections.
b. chronic anemia.
c. dementia.
d. multiple myeloma.
e. liver cancer.

a. opportunistic infections.

Which classification of drugs is used to treat patients with hemophilia following certain surgeries and dental procedures?

a. Antivirals
b. Antifibrinolytics
c. Thrombolytics
d. Antimicrobials
e. Fat soluble vitamins

b. Antifibrinolytics

Which type of transplant is prepared from the recipient’s own bone marrow?

a. Allograft
b. Autologous
c. Xenograft
d. Homologous
e. Heterologous

b. Autologous

The suffix -phylaxis means:

a. protection.
b. standing still.
c. decrease, deficiency.
d. formation, production.
e. carrying, transmission.

a. protection.

The suffix -phoresis means:

a. formation.
b. decrease.
c. protein formation.
d. attraction.
e. carrying, transmission.

e. carrying, transmission.

Which treatment for cardiac arrhythmias uses energy delivered by a thin intravascular tube?

a. Cardiectasis
b. Catheter ablation
c. Aneurysmectomy
d. Angiorrhaphy
e. Commissurotomy

b. Catheter ablation

Which term means establishing the cause of a disease?

a. Prognosis
b. Symptom
c. Diagnosis
d. Idiopathic
e. Pathology

c. Diagnosis

Recovery from anemia generally ensures a lasting immunity.

true/false

false

What is a sentinel node?

a. Node that is sensitive to pain
b. Largest node in a body area
c. Node that does not have T or B cells
d. Largest node in the entire body
e. Node that first receives drainage from a cancer-containing area

e. Node that first receives drainage from a cancer-containing area

Which procedure is used to completely remove lymph nodes in an area containing cancer?

a. Partial lymphadenectomy
b. Total lymphangiectomy
c. Radical lymphadenectomy
d. Partial lymphangiectomy
e. Sentinel node excision

c. Radical lymphadenectomy

Which skin test identifies suspected allergens by subcutaneously injecting small amounts of extracts of the suspected allergens and observing the skin for a subsequent reaction?

a. Prick
b. Scratch
c. Culture and sensitivity
d. Intradermal
e. Patch

d. Intradermal

Which classification of drugs is a prophylactic treatment in HIV patients to prevent development of Pneumocystis pneumonia?

a. Fat soluble vitamins
b. Antivirals
c. Antibiotics
d. Antimicrobials
e. Thrombolytics

d. Antimicrobials

A CF consists of a prefix plus a word root.
true/false
false

Which two blood cells are chiefly responsible for acquired immunity?

a. Monocytes and platelets
b. Lymphocytes and platelets
c. Monocytes and lymphocytes
d. Leukocytes and lymphocytes
e. Platelets and leukocytes

c. Monocytes and lymphocytes

Excision of the thymus is called:

a. thymotomy.
b. thymostomy.
c. thymectomy.
d. thymocentesis.
e. thymorrhaphy.

c. thymectomy.

Which abbreviation refers to a disease associated with infectious mononucleosis?

a. EBV
b. CBC
c. ALL
d. PCP
e. AIDS

a. EBV

Immunotherapy refers to the treatment of disease by employing radiation to destroy the immune system.

true/false

false

Which serology test is used to diagnose infectious mononucleosis?

a. Schilling
b. Von Willebrand
c. Monospot
d. Prothrombin time
e. Complete blood count

c. Monospot

Which cell type is responsible for humoral immunity?

a. Erythrocyte
b. Macrophage
c. Monocyte
d. B lymphocyte
e. T cell

d. B lymphocyte

The oxygen-carrying capacity of blood is deficient in which condition?

a. Leukemia
b. Hypoxemia
c. Polycythemia
d. Hypoxia
e. Anemia

e. Anemia

The prefix allo- means:

a. same, equal.
b. much, many.
c. one.
d. other, differing from normal.
e. unequal, dissimilar.

d. other, differing from normal.

Which term means the ability to develop an immune response?

a. Apathy
b. Healthy
c. Vigorous
d. Immunodeficiency
e. Immunocompetent

e. Immunocompetent

Which structure has respiratory and digestive functions?

a. Trachea
b. Esophagus
c. Pharynx
d. Tongue
e. Uvula

c. Pharynx

Which term means milk-white patches on the skin?

a. Petechiae
b. Vitiligo
c. Urticaria
d. Pediculosis
e. Eczema

b. Vitiligo

The chemical messengers that initiate, inhibit, increase, or decrease activity in other cells are called:

a. albumins.
b. cytokines.
c. immunoglobulins.
d. proteins.
e. cytotoxins.

b. cytokines.

Flare up of an autoimmune disease is called:

a. urticaria.
b. exacerbation.
c. syncope.
d. induration.
e. remission.

b. exacerbation.

Which term means excessive sweating?

a. Hyperhydria
b. Hyperhydrosis
c. Anhidria
d. Hydrosis
e. Hyperhidrosis

e. Hyperhidrosis

Which treatment alters, enhances, stimulates, or restores the body’s natural immune mechanisms to treat disease?

a. Immunotherapy
b. Radiation therapy
c. Bone marrow aspiration
d. Chemotherapy
e. Biopsy

a. Immunotherapy

Which classification of drugs treats HIV infection by preventing the replication of viruses?

a. Thrombolytics
b. Antibiotics
c. Antifibrolynics
d. Fat soluble vitamins
e. Antivirals

e. Antivirals

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