Medical Surgical Nursing Cardiology Unit 9-1

Atrial Fibrillation Image
Atrial Fibrillation Image

Premature Ventricular Contraction Image
Premature Ventricular Contraction Image

Normal Sinus Rhythm Image
Normal Sinus Rhythm Image

Mobitz Type I Image
Mobitz Type I Image

Complete Heart Block Image
Complete Heart Block Image

Cardiac Tamponade
Rapid Accumulation of Fluid in the Pericardial Sac resulting in hypotension, pallor, NVD and cardiovascular collapse

Acute Coronary Syndrome
a range of clinical manifestations associated with AMI and unstable angina

Angina Pectoris
chest pain resulting from insufficient myocardial blood flow without causing permanent damage

usually caused from Strep or Staph infections causing vegetative growths on valves leading to insufficient closure and possible emboli

Janeway Lesions and Splinter Hemorrhages
physical findings indicative of endocarditis

inflammation of the myocardiuim

Aortic Stenosis
valve opening from the heart decreased to 1/3 of normal size before symptoms develop

Aortic Regurgitation
usually caused from rheumatic fever, condition in which blood leaving the heart is partially leaking back

Cardiac Hypertrophy
enlargement of the heart usually leading to heart failure

Types of Angina
Prinzmetal’s, stable (chronic) and unstable

Coronary Artery Disease Symptoms
recurrent intermittent chest pain, pallor, diaphoresis, nausea

Morphine-Oxygen-Nitroglycerin-Aspirin (treatments for AMI)

ST-elevation myocardial infarction

non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction


coronary bypass artery graft

type of valve repair surgery

Left Sided Heart Failure Symptoms
pink, frothy sputum, dyspnea, orthopnea and crackles (pulmonary edema)

Right Sided Heart Failure Symptoms
JVD (jugular vein distention), peripheral edema, pitting edema, fatigue

Mr. Cooper
likes classical music and synthesizers

The community health nurse is planning health promotion teaching targeted at preventing coronary artery disease (CAD). Which ethnic group would the nurse select as the highest priority for this intervention? White male Which individuals would the nurse identify as having …

The nurse prepares a discharge teaching plan for a 44-year-old male patient who has recently been diagnosed with coronary artery disease. Which risk factor should the nurse plan to focus on during the teaching session? A. Type A personality B. …

Cardiovascular Disorders – Diagnostic Procedures : Overview Cardiovascular diagnostic procedures evaluate the functioning of the heart by monitoring for enzymes in the blood; using ultrasound to visualize the heart; determining the heart’s response to exercise; and using catheters to determine …

INFECTIVE ENDOCARDITIS • Infective endocarditis (IE) is an infection of the endocardial surface of the heart that affects the cardiac valves. • IE can be classified by rapidity of onset, cause, or site of involvement. • The most common causative …

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Which heart sound could sound like “Ten-nes-see” and is also known as the atrial gallop? 4th Heart Sound or S4 Which heart sound could sound like “Ken-tuc-ky” and is also known as the ventricular gallop? 3rd Heart Sound or S3 …

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