Medical, Surgical, and Diagnostic Procedures Ch 6 Digestive

nasogastric intubation
insertion of nasogastric tube through the nose into the stomach to relieve gastric distention by removing gas, food, or gastric secretions; instill medication, food, or fluids; or obtain a specimen for laboratory analysis

surgical joining of 2 ducts, vessels, or bowel segments to allow flow from one to another

surgical connection of the ileum and rectum after a total colectomy, as is sometimes performed in the treament of ulcerative colitis

surgical connection of two portions of the intestines; also called enteroenterostomy

bariatric surgery
group of procedures that treat morbid obesity, a condition that arises from severe accumulation of excess weight as fatty tissue and the resultant health problems

vertical banded gastroplasty
bariatric surgery that involves vertical stapling of the upper stomach near the esophagus to reduce it to a small pouch and insertion of a band that restricts food consumption and delays its passage from the pouch, causing a feeling of fullness

Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RGB)
bariatric surgery that involves stapling the stomach to decrease its size and then shortening the jejunum and connecting it to the small stomach pouch, causing the base of the duodenum leading from the nonfunctioning portion of the stomach to form a Y configuration, which decreases the pathway of food through the intestine, thus reducing absorption of calories and fats

creation of an opening of a portion of the colon through the abdominal wall to its outside surface in order to divert fecal flow to a colostomy bag

procedure for crushing a stone and eliminating its fragments surgically or using ultrasonic chock waves

extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy
use of shock waves as a noninvasive method to break up stones in the gallbladder or biliary ducts

excision of a polyp

incision of the longitudinal and circular muscles of the pylorus, which is used to treat hypertrophic pyloric stenosis

gastrointestinal endoscopy
visual examination of the gastrointestinal tract using a flexible fiberoptic instrument with a magnifying lens and a light source (endoscope) to identify abnormalities, including bleeding, ulcerations, and tumors

hepatitis panel
panel of blood test that identifies the specific virus-hep A, hep B, or hep C- that is causing hepatitis by testing serum using antibodies to each of these antigens

liver function test
group of blood tests that evaluate liver injury, liver function, and conditions commonly associated with the biliary tract

serum bilirubin
measurement of the level of bilirubin in the blood

stool culture
test to identify microorganisms or parasites present in the feces that are causing a gastrointestinal infection

stool guaiac
test that applies a substance called guaiac to a stool sample to detect the presence of occult (hidden) blood in the feces; also called Hemoccult

computed tomography
imaging technique achieved by rotating an x-ray emitter around the area to be scanned and measuring the intensity of transmitted rays from different angles

lower gastrointestinal series
radiographic images of the rectum and colon following administration of barium into the rectum; also called lower GI series or barium enema

oral cholecystography
radiographic images taken of the gallbladder after administration of a contrast material containing iodine, usually in the form of a tablet

magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP)
MRI is used to visualize the biliary and pancreatic ducts and gallbladder in a noninvasive manner

radiologic examination of the salivary glands and ducts

ultrasonography (US)
high frequency sound waves are directed at soft tissue and reflected as echoes to produce an image on a monitor of an internal body structure also called ultrasound, sonography, and echo

abdominal US
ultrasound visualization of the abdominal aorta, liver, gallbladder, bile ducts, pancreas, kidneys, ureturs, and bladder

endoscopic US
combines endoscopy and ultrasound to examine and obtain images of the digestive tract and the surrounding tissue and organs

upper gastrointestinal series (UGIS)
radiographic images of the esophagus, stomach, and small intestine following oral administration of barium. also called barium swallow

Absorption The movement of food moelcuels from the small intestine into the blood Alimentary canal The passage leading from the mouth to the anus through the pharynx, esophagus, stomach, adn intestine; gastrointestinal tract WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE …

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Gastroenterology Deals with the structure, function, diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the stomach and intestines. Proctology Deals with the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the rectum and anus WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC …

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