Medical Overview Ch12 EMT Part II

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An index of suspicion is MOST accurately defined as:
Your awareness and concern for potentially serious underlying and unseen injuries or illness.

A 33-year-old female presents with lower abdominal quadrant pain. She is conscious and alert, but in moderate pain. While your partner is asking her questions about her medical history, you take her vital signs. When you assess her radial pulse, you are unable to locate it. You should:
Assess the rate, regularity and quality of her carotid pulse.

Hepatitis B is more virulent than hepatitis C, which means that it:
Has a greater ability to produce disease.

Reassessment of a patient with a medical complaint should begin by:
Repeating the primary assessment.

An infectious disease is MOST accurately defined as:
A medical condition that caused the growth and spread of small harmful organisms within the body.

Which of the following assessment findings is MOST indicative of a cardiovascular problem?
Jugular Vein Distention.

Which of the following conditions often requires transport to a hospital with specialized capabilities that may not be available at the closest hospital?
Stroke and heart attack.

Which of the following statements regarding the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is correct?
The risk of HIV infection is greatest when deposited on a mucous membrane or directly in the bloodstream

In which of the following situations would it be MOST appropriate to utilize an air medical transportation service?
A 61-year-old man with signs and symptoms of a stroke and your ground transport time is 50 minutes.

A patient who presents with a headache, fever, confusion, and red blotches on his or her skin should be suspected of having:
Meningitis

A seizure patient is having what kind of medical emergency?
Neurologic

If an injury distracts an EMT from assessing a more serious underlying illness, he has suffered from:
Tunnel Vision

If a “frequent flier” calls 9-1-1 because of a suspected head injury, you should NEVER:
Assume you known what the problem is; every case is different, and you don’t want to miss a potentially serious problem.

If you medical patient is not in critical condition, how long should you spend on scene?
However long it takes to gather as much information as possible.

Your patient is having respiratory difficulty and is not responding to your treatment. What is the best method of transport?
With lights and sirens, to the closest hospital

When assessing a patient with an infectious disease, what is the first action you should perform?
Size up the scene and take standard precautions.

our patient believes he has hepatitis and is now exhibiting signs of cirrhosis of the liver. He most likely has:
Hepatitis C

Your patient is complaining of fever, headache, stiffness of the neck, and red blotches on his skin. He most likely has:
Meningitis

What should you do if you are exposed to a patient who is found to have pulmonary tuberculosis?
Get a tuberculin skin test

All of the following are factors that increase the risk for developing MSRA except:
Close contact with wild birds

The most important aspect of the scene size-up is:
Ensuring scene safety

If your patient is alone and unresponsive, in order to obtain some form of medical history you should:
Search the scene for medication containers or medical devices.

YOu should assess pulse, motor, and sensation in all of the extremities and check for pupillary reactions if you suspect a:
Neurologic problem

When palpating the chest and abdomen, you are attempting to identify areas of:
tenderness

A patient suffering from a heart attack should be transported to:
A university hospital with a catheterization lab, 15 min away

Vaccinations are NOT available for which form of hepatitis?
Hepatitis C

_________ is a bacterium that causes infections and is resistant to most antibiotics.
MRSA

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