A. document the medications on your patient care report, but leave them at home so they do not get misplaced.
B. take all of the patient’s medications with you to the hospital and document them on your patient care report.
C. send the patient’s medications to the hospital with a family member or other person who will safeguard them.
D. let the hospital staff retrieve the patient’s medical records, which should show a list of his or her current medications.
A. is not a communicable disease.
B. typically does not cause yellow skin.
C. is a far more transmittable disease.
C. Substance abuse
D. Alzheimer disease
A. SARS is caused by a virus and usually starts with flulike symptoms that deteriorate to pneumonia and respiratory failure.
B. Most cases of SARS are caused by a bacterium that is spread from person to person via direct contact with infected blood.
C. SARS is caused by a virus that occurs naturally in the bird population, although it usually does not cause illness in humans.
D. Although SARS can cause pneumonia and other respiratory infections, it rarely causes death, even in immunocompromised patients.
A. focus on his or her chief complaint.
B. examine him or her from head to toe.
C. prepare the patient for transport first.
D. only palpate tender areas of the abdomen.
A. assess the rate, regularity, and quality of her carotid pulse.
B. advise your partner that the patient’s blood pressure is low.
C. immediately take her blood pressure to see if she is hypotensive.
D. conclude that she is perfusing adequately since she is conscious.
A. the majority of medical patients you encounter are also injured.
B. it is during the general impression that assessment of the ABCs occurs.
C. most serious medical conditions do not present with obvious symptoms.
D. the conditions of many medical patients may not appear serious at first.
A. loss of appetite and a cough.
B. vomiting, fever, and fatigue.
C. pain in the muscles and joints.
D. jaundice and abdominal pain.
A. perform a head-to-toe secondary assessment.
B. assess her oxygen saturation and blood pressure.
C. retrieve the stretcher and prepare for transport.
D. administer oxygen with the appropriate device.
A. Seizure and infection
B. Cardiac arrest and shock
C. Stroke and heart attack
D. Diabetes and migraine
A. once the patient’s baseline vital signs are known.
B. after the primary assessment has been completed.
C. upon completion of a detailed secondary assessment.
D. as soon as the patient voices his or her chief complaint.
A. palpating the carotid pulse to determine the approximate rate and checking capillary refill time.
B. taking a blood pressure and determining if the patient is alert and oriented or confused.
C. applying a pulse oximeter probe to the finger to determine if peripheral perfusion is adequate.
D. checking the radial pulse and noting the color, temperature, and condition of his or her skin.
A. HIV is far more contagious than hepatitis B and is easily transmitted in the health care setting.
B. The risk of HIV infection is high, even if an infected person’s blood comes in contact with your intact skin.
C. The risk of HIV infection is greatest when deposited on a mucous membrane or directly into the bloodstream.
D. Most patients who are infected with HIV experience chronic symptoms that vary in duration and severity.
A. fever, rash, nausea, and difficulty breathing.
B. crushing chest pain, vomiting, and weakness.
C. headache, low back pain, and arm numbness.
D. joint pain, muscle aches, and blurred vision.
A. continue with your secondary assessment.
B. prepare the patient for immediate transport.
C. insert a nasal airway and assist his breathing.
D. request a paramedic unit to respond to the scene.
A. recent travel
B. HIV status
C. sexual practices
D. drug allergies
A. limit your time at the scene before transport to 10 minutes or less, if possible.
B. perform a detailed secondary assessment prior to transporting the patient.
C. transport immediately and begin all emergency treatment en route to the hospital.
D. have a paramedic unit respond to the scene if it is less than 15 minutes away.
A. focus on the medications he takes for his heart, since his complaint is chest pain.
B. determine what medications he takes, and ask him if he has been compliant with them.
C. advise him that the hospital will have a current list of all the medications he takes.
D. ask him to write down all of his medications and their doses on a piece of paper.
A. H1N1 has caused more deaths worldwide than all of the other strains of influenza combined.
B. Unlike other strains of the influenza virus, H1N1 is primarily transmitted via the fecal-oral route.
C. It is only one type of influenza among the many other strains of influenza that exist and infect humans.
D. H1N1, also known as the “swine flu,” is a newly discovered strain of influenza for which no vaccine exists.
A. almost exclusively focuses on physical signs that indicate the patient is experiencing a problem.
B. is focused on the nature of illness, the patient’s chief complaint, and the patient’s symptoms.
C. requires a thorough head-to-toe exam that involves a detailed assessment of all body systems.
D. is not as complex for the AEMT, because most patients typically present with classic symptoms.
A. your prediction of the type of illness a patient has based on how the call is dispatched.
B. your awareness and concern for potentially serious underlying and unseen injuries or illness.
C. ruling out specific medical conditions based on the absence of certain signs and symptoms.
D. determining the underlying cause of a patient’s medical condition based on signs and symptoms.
A. Unequal breath sounds
B. Jugular venous distention
C. Use of the accessory muscles
D. Palpable pain to the epigastrium
A. a headache.
B. abdominal pain.
C. high blood pressure.
D. respiratory distress.
A. prior exposure to Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
B. failure to be vaccinated against any strain of hepatitis.
C. a history of a respiratory illness within the past 6 to 8 weeks.
D. prolonged hospitalization, especially in an intensive care unit.
A. avian flu.
C. West Nile virus.
A. is less resistant to treatment.
B. is a more contagious type of disease.
C. has a greater ability to produce disease.
D. leads to chronic infection after exposure.
A. Hepatitis A can only be transmitted by a patient who has an acute infection.
B. Infection with hepatitis A causes chronic illness with a high mortality rate.
C. Hepatitis A is primarily transmitted via contact with blood or other body fluids.
D. Although there is no vaccine against hepatitis A, treatment is usually successful.
A. Most cases of MRSA transmission occur following an accidental needlestick.
B. MRSA is a bacterium that causes infections and is resistant to most antibiotics.
C. The communicable period for MRSA is 10 days to 2 weeks after being infected.
D. Studies have shown that less than 1% of health care providers are MRSA carriers.
A. overlooking a potentially serious medical condition.
B. making the entire EMS system look unprofessional.
C. demeaning or humiliating the patient and his family.
D. discouraging the patient from calling EMS in the future.
A. contact medical control.
B. take standard precautions.
C. quickly access the patient.
D. notify law enforcement.
A. any disease that enters the body via the bloodstream and renders the immune system nonfunctional.
B. the invasion of the human body by a bacterium that cannot be destroyed by antibiotics or other drugs.
C. a disease that can be spread from one person or species to another through a number of mechanisms.
D. a medical condition caused by the growth and spread of small harmful organisms within the body.
C. are bleeding.
A. Trending of the patient’s vital signs over time
B. Asking questions related to the chief complaint
C. Refraining from asking open-ended questions
D. Focusing solely on how the call is dispatched
A. high-risk disease to the AEMT, especially through a needlestick.
B. bloodborne disease that can successfully be treated with penicillin.
C. sexually transmitted disease that is only found in vaginal secretions.
D. bacterial infection that is typically resistant to antibiotic medications.
A. 29-year-old woman who is 18 weeks pregnant, has light vaginal bleeding, and stable vital signs
B. 43-year-old man experiencing a heart attack, and the closest appropriate hospital is 15 minutes away
C. 50-year-old conscious woman with severe nausea and vomiting, fever, and chills of 3 days’ duration
D. 61-year-old man with signs and symptoms of a stroke and your ground-transport time is 50 minutes
A. reassessing the nature of illness.
B. taking another set of vital signs.
C. repeating the primary assessment.
D. reviewing all treatment performed.
A. you are actively infected with tuberculosis and should be treated immediately.
B. the disease is dormant in your body, but will probably never cause symptoms.
C. you contracted the disease by casual contact instead of exposure to secretions.
D. you were exposed to another infected person before treating the 34-year-old patient.
A. assess breathing depth and determine the respiratory rate.
B. squeeze the trapezius muscle to see if the patient responds.
C. attempt to elicit a verbal response by talking to the patient.
D. direct your partner to apply oxygen via a nonrebreathing mask.
A. perform a detailed secondary assessment, assess his vital signs, and then transport rapidly.
B. manage all threats to airway, breathing, and circulation, and consider requesting a paramedic unit.
C. administer oxygen via a nonrebreathing mask, and obtain as much of his medical history as possible.
D. load him into the ambulance, begin transport, and perform all treatment en route to the hospital.
A. should routinely include a comprehensive examination from head to toe.
B. should be performed at the scene, especially if the patient is critically ill.
C. is not practical if the patient is critically ill or your transport time is short.
D. is typically limited to a focused exam for patients who are unconscious.
A. History taking
B. Rapid body scan
C. Baseline vital signs
D. Primary assessment
A. typically does not require the AEMT to contact medical control.
B. focuses on definitive care, because a diagnosis can usually be made.
C. addresses the patient’s symptoms more than the actual disease process.
D. involves transport only until treatment can be performed at the hospital.