Med Term- ch 17

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Which of the following words has a prefix meaning three?
Triiodothyronine.

The term thyrotoxicosis means
an abnormal condition of thyroid gland poisoning

The root in the word polyphagia means
to eat

In the word pheochromocytoma, what does the prefix mean?
gray

A benign tumor of the thymus is called
thymoma

Overproduction of growth hormone stimulates excessive growth of bones and muscles. It is almost always caused by a benign pituitary adenoma. Which of the following statements best describes a patient with this condition?
the musculoskeletal system is involved

The surgical removal of the thyroid gland is called a
thyroidectomy

A type of hyperthyroidism caused by an autoimmune disorder in which an antibody stimulates the thyroid gland to produce and secrete excessive quantities of thyroid hormones into the blood is called
Graves disease

The word _______ means standard or rule for judging, and its plural form is _______.
criterion; criteria

Endocrine glands that occur in pairs, rather than singly, are the
adrenal and gonad

Which word containing a prefix, root, and suffix refers to a condition involving the jaw?
prognathism

The word pineal refers to a(n)
system

Of the following words, which one means pertaining to or near the kidney?
adrenal

A congenital absence of the thymus gland is called
DiGeorge syndrome

Which of the following words refers to a pituitary hormone that stimulates production of milk?
prolactin

The two catecholamines liberated during a stress response are
epinephrine and norepinephrine

A complication of diabetes causing sensory defects with numbness, tingling, and paresthesias in the fingers and toes is called
Diabetic neuropathy

The gland which secretes a hormone that controls the speed at which the body’s chemical functions proceed (metabolic rate) is the
thyroid

The H in GH and FSH stands for
hormone

An enlargement of the thyroid gland is called

Of the following words, which one has a prefix meaning all?
Panhypopituitarism

The term used to describe a disease attacking a person who already has another disease is
intercurrent

The classic symptoms of hyperglycemia are unexplained weight loss and
polyuria, polydipsia, polyphagia

Which of the following words has an element meaning recording?
ultrasonography

Read this selection: Whatever the causes of hyperthyroidism, the symptoms are those of increased body metabolism. These include tachycardia, hypertension, sweating, shakiness, anxiety, weight loss despite increased appetite, and diarrhea. Which of the following statements best describes a patient with this condition?
The pulse rate and blood pressure are increased

Cretinism results from ____________________ hypothyroidism.
severe-congenital

Read this selection: Pheochromocytoma is a tumor of the adrenal medulla that overproduces the catecholamines epinephrine and norepinephrine. A patient with this tumor has hypertension that is difficult to control, severe headaches, tachycardia, palpitations, and feelings of impending death. Which of the following statements best describes a patient with this condition?
The high blood pressure is accompanied by increased pulse rate.

Which chemical element is required by the thyroid?
iodine

Insulin is administered routinely through which route?
subcutaneous

A patient who has diabetes mellitus needs periodic laboratory evaluation of kidney function. Which one of the following tests is specific in determining how well the kidneys are functioning?
BUN

The condition caused by enlargement of the head, face, hands, and feet in an adult as a result of excess growth hormone is called
acromegaly

The two thyroid hormones produced by the small follicles lined with epithelial cells in the thyroid gland are
T3 and T4

A type of diabetes mellitus that is genetically inherited and occurs in thin individuals who are in their teens and twenties is abbreviated as
MODY

The word hypercalcemia means
a blood condition of excessive calcium

The first organ affected by hypoglycemia is the
brain

The abbreviation for a hormone secreted by the parathyroid glands is
PTH

The action of FSH is to
stimulate the development of eggs by the ovaries and sperm production in the testes

Which of the following words containing a prefix, root, and suffix refers to a pituitary hormone that stimulates the uterus to contract?
oxytocin

Which of the following words has a suffix meaning tumor?
Aldosteronoma

Read this selection: Calcitonin stimulates osteoblastic activity to promote calcium deposition and bone formation. It is secreted in response to hypercalcemia. Which of the following statements best describes the function of this hormone?
secretion is increased when the blood calcium is increased.

The type of depression that occurs at the same time every year, often in winter, is abbreviated as
SAD

The medical term for protrusion of the eyeball is
exophthalmos

An underproduction of growth hormone from birth leads to a condition known as
pituitary dwarfism

The removal of a part or the whole of an adrenal gland is called a(n)
adrenalectomy

The thyroid and parathyroid glands belong to the ____________________ system.
endocrine

The word which means excessive body and facial hair is
hirsutism

Polydipsia and polyuria both contain an element meaning
many or much

Which of the following words referring to another name for the pituitary gland is spelled correctly?
hypophysis

The most effective treatment for hyperparathyroidism is
surgical removal of the gland

The adrenal gland is located ______________ the kidney.
on top of

The condition resulting from hypersecretion of cortisol, and manifested by a “moon” face, obesity of the trunk, osteoporosis, muscle wasting and weakness, and a reduced resistance to infections is called
Cushing syndrome

Of the following words, which one has a prefix meaning highest point or extremity?
acromegaly

A patient with a malignant lesion on the thyroid gland would likely receive which classification of medication?
radioactive iodine

Which of the following words has a suffix meaning to break down?
glycogenolysis

All of the following are classifications of the different types of insulin EXCEPT
delayed acting

Which of the following words means a condition of excessive thirst?
polydipsia

The organ of the endocrine system that is responsible for producing serotonin by day which is converted to melatonin at night is the
pineal glands

A condition of severe hypothyroidism seen in an adult is called
myxedema

DHEA is a precursor for which of the following hormones?
testosterone

A synonym for growth hormone is
somatotropin

There are usually _______ parathyroid glands embedded in the ______.
4; thyroid gland

The word endocrine refers to a gland that
produces an internal secretion

The word glycosylated means
linked to glucose

A patient has a nodule on the thyroid gland. Which of the following tests would be best to perform in determining whether the nodule is benign or malignant?
fine needle aspiration biopsy

Which of the following words, meaning abnormal thinness, is correctly spelled?
emaciation

The suffix -oma means
tumor

Read this selection: Hypersecretion of aldosterone leads to sodium retention and potassium loss with increased blood volume, hypertension, excessive thirst, and excessive urination. A benign adenoma is the most common cause and can be removed by laparoscopic adrenalectomy. Which of the following statements best describes this condition?
polyuria is a complication

The word that describes an agent or process that aids the action of another is
synergist

A synonym for adrenaline is
epinephrine

A pituitary hormone that constricts blood vessels and decreases urine output is called
vasopressin

The word polyuria means excessive
production of urine

The anterior lobe of the pituitary gland (adenohypophysis) secretes all of the following hormones EXCEPT
ADH

Repeated and prolonged episodes of stress can cause a state of exhaustion within the immune system which can ultimately cause
an overwhelming infection

A synonym for the word healing is
curative

The abbreviation for a hormone that stimulates the thyroid gland is
TSH

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy Which term describes the excessive thirst that is symptomatic od diabetes insipidus? Polydipsia The ________ gland secretes hormones that …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy Which term describes the excessive thirst that is symptomatic of diabetes insipidus? polydipsia Which gland is known as the …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy A condition of severe hypothyroidism seen in an adult is called myxedem A patient has normal thyroid gland function. …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy Polyuria One of the classic symptoms of hyperglycemia Mellitus The M in DM stands for WE WILL WRITE A …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy acidosis condition brought about by an abnormal accumulation of acid products of metabolism such as seen in uncontrolled diabetes …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy Which term describes the excessive thirst that is symptomatic of diabetes insipidus? Polydipsia What gland secretes hormones that control …

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