MEA 242 Quiz/Test Ch. 11, 12 and 13

Hematuria is
Blood in the urine

Azotemia is
Excess urea in the blood

The most common type of renal disease is
Pyelonephritis

Group A beta hemolytic streptococcus may precede
Acute glomerulonephritis

Chronic glomerulonephritis is
Slowly progressive and noninfectious

Pus in the urine is called
Pyuria

Lithotripsy, relief of pain, surgical intervention, increased fluid intake, and diuretics are all ways of treating
Renal calculi

Stress Incontinence is caused from a weakening of the
Both a and b ( pelvic floor muscles and the urethral structure)

An ascending bacterial invasion of the urinary tract can cause
Cystitis and urethritis

Glomerulosclerosis describes renal changes, due to a systemic endocrine disease, typical of
diabetic nephrophathy.

T/F: Chronic glomerulonephritis is a slowly progressive, noninfectious disease that can lead to renal failure.
True

The condition of the kidney caused by pressure from urine that cannot flow past an obstruction in the urinary tract is called
none of the above.

The urinary system is responsible for
all of the above.

Pyuria
pus in the urine

The etiology of neurogenic bladder, a bladder control dysfunction, is
damage to the brain, spinal cord, or nerves supplying the lower urinary tract.

T/F: Symptoms of renal calculi are the same regardless of the size of the stone.
False

Acute glomerulonephritis usually follows
infection by Group A beta hemolytic streptococcus.

Weakening of pelvic floor muscles and the urethral structure due to trauma, childbirth, hormonal changes of aging, obesity, or certain medications may precipitate
stress incontinence (enuresis).

Some nephrotoxic agents known to cause renal damage include
all of the above.

The symptoms of acute glomerulonephritis may include
all of the above.

The treatment of renal calculi might include
relief of pain, lithotripsy, surgical intervention, increased fluid intake, and diuretics.

The disease which encompasses a group of symptoms referred to as the protein losing kidney is
nephrotic syndrome.

Hematuria
blood in the urine

Which of the following statements is true about renal cell carcinoma?
The malignancy can begin in the kidney or be secondary to carcinoma elsewhere in the body.

The usual cause of cystitis and urethritis is
An ascending bacterial invasion of the urinary tract

T/F: Catheterization may be indicated prior to surgery, and(or) after surgery, to relieve urinary retention, to obtain a sterile urine specimen, to irrigate the bladder, or to treat urinary incontinence.
True

T/F: Pyelonephritis is the most common type of kidney disease.
True

Dialysis filters out unwanted elements from the blood, usually removed by healthy kidneys; thus,
the body’s proper fluid, electrolyte, and acid-base balance is maintained.

T/F: Lithotripsy is a procedure used to examine the urinary tract.
False

Proper function of the urinary system is frequently evaluated by
urinalysis and blood tests.

Polycystic kidney disease
greatly enlarges the kidneys and leads to kidney failure.

Azotemia
excess urea in the blood

Diuretic
a drug that promotes excretion of urine

T/F: Acute renal failure is a clinical emergency.
True

Pelvic inflammatory disease, septicemia, and septic arthritis are complications that may develop from untreated
Gonorrhea

Protrusion of the rectum into the bladder is a
none of the above

Herpes simplex virus
Is not curable

Pain that occurs at ovulation is called
Mittelschmerz

A digital rectal examination, blood test for prostate-specific antigen (PSA), and a biopsy to confirm are all evaluations for
Prostate cancer

When functioning endometrial tissue is present outside the uterine cavity, the condition is called
None of the above

Dyspareunia is more common in
Women

Impotence may be caused from
All of the above

Genital warts and many different types of cancer develop from
Human papilloma virus (HPV)

A pap smear may be a valuable tool in diagnosing
Cervical cancer

The primary means of transmission of the HIV is
sexual contact.

Risk factors that place women at a higher risk for cancer of the breast include
all of the above.

The pathology in endometriosis includes
functioning endometrial tissue outside the uterine cavity.

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) causes
a weak stream of urine with inability to empty the bladder.

Risk factors for cervical cancer include
all of the above.

The diagnosis of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) may include
all of the above.

The first sign of testicular cancer is
a painless lump discovered in the testicle.

When an individual has AIDS, the HIV destroys the body’s immune system primarily by
infecting helper T cells.

The sexually transmitted disease sometimes referred to as the silent STD, that is more common than gonorrhea and a leading cause of PID is
chlamydia.

The treatment of genital herpes is directed at
reducing the duration and frequency of outbreaks.

T/F: The absence of menstrual periods whether temporary or permanent is called dysmenorrhea.
False

Diagnostic evaluation for prostatic cancer includes
all of the above.

Failure to seek treatment for a gonorrhea infection can result in complications including
All of the above.

Early diagnosis and prompt treatment of PID helps to prevent complications including
all of the above.

The symptoms and signs of toxemia in pregnancy, preeclampsia and eclampsia include
hypertension, edema, protein in the urine, and convulsions.

Hepatitis B is considered sexually transmitted because
The mode of transmission includes contact with blood, semen, vaginal secretions, and saliva.

The leading cause of deaths attributed to the female reproductive system is
ovarian cancer

Which of the following statements is true about syphilis:
Syphilis can be cured with a course of antibiotic therapy.

T/F: Alcohol, recreational drugs, antihistamines, diuretics, and drugs used to treat hypertension can cause impotence.
True

T/F: There are various possible causes of male or female infertility, including the presence of STD.
True

Hormone replacement therapy for postmenopausal women
is highly individualized.

T/F: The best prevention of epididymitis is the early treatment of urinary tract infections.
True

T/F: Testicular cancer is most common in men over age 60.
False

In pregnancy, when the placenta is implanted in the lower uterine segment and encroaches on the internal cervical os causing vaginal bleeding the condition is called
placenta previa.

T/F: Either men or women can experience dyspareunia, but it is more common in women.
True

The cause of toxic shock syndrome is thought to be
staphylococcal toxin found in superabsorbent tampon fibers.

Migraine headaches
All of the above

Efferent nerves transmit impulses
Away from the brain and spinal cord

A TIA is a _______ episode of impaired neurologic functioning, which is a result of lack of blood flow to a portion of the brain.
Temporary

Afferent nerves
Transmit impulses toward the brain and spinal cord

Huntington s chorea is
Both b and c

Hemiparesis is a paralysis involving
Either half of the body

Paraplegia is paralysis that involves loss of motor and sensory control of the trunk and
Two extremities

Pill-rolling tremor of the thumb and forefinger, muscular rigidity, masklike facial expression, and shuffling gait are all signs of
Parkinson disease

Amyotropic lateral sclerosis causes symptoms of
Progressive destruction of motor neurons resulting in muscle atrophy

Meningitis is a n inflammation of the
Membranes covering the brain and spinal cord

Nerves that transmit impulses away from the brain and spinal cord to the muscles and glands are
efferent nerves.

_________ is the result of the bones of the floor of the cranial vault being broken.
Basilar fracture

The patient with ___________ experiences excruciating pain that radiates along the fifth cranial nerve distribution, affecting any of the branches.
a and c

Possible causes of peripheral neuritis include
chronic alcohol intoxication, toxicity, and infectious diseases.

Vascular disorders that may result in a cerebrovascular accident are
both a and b.

_________ involves degeneration of the nerves outside the CNS and affects the distal muscles of the extremities.
Peripheral neuritis

T/F: Narrowing of intervertebral spaces on imaging studies may indicate degeneration of an intervertebral disk.
True

Paralysis of the lower half of the body due to damage in the lower portion of the spinal cord is called
paraplegia.

Periodic severe headaches that may be completely incapacitating are called
migraine.

Unilateral facial paralysis is called
Bell’s palsy.

Infectious organisms may reach the brain from
all of the above.

Nerves that transmit impulses toward the brain and spinal cord are
afferent nerves.

An inherited disorder in which the individual displays abrupt, bizarre, involuntary movements and a decline in mental functions
Huntington’s chorea.

A collection or mass of blood that forms between the skull and the dura mater is termed a
epidural hematoma.

Temporary episodes of impaired neurological functioning due to inadequate blood flow to a portion of the brain are termed
b and c.

____________ is a highly contagious viral disease that affects the anterior horn cells of the gray matter in the spinal cord.
Poliomyelitis

Of the following, which is NOT likely to cause a CVA:
neuroblastoma

T/F: With an epidural hematoma, the onset of symptoms is delayed due to a slower accumulation of blood.
False

Bruising of the brain tissues along or just beneath its surface accompanied by symptoms lasting more than 24 hours describes a
contusion.

T/F: Spinal stenosis contributes to sciatic pain due to narrowing of the spinal canal that causes compression of spinal nerve roots.
True

Nucal rigidity, headache, and photobia are symptomatic of
meningeal irritation or meningitis.

Inflammation of the membranes covering the brain and spinal cord is called
meningitis.

A chronic brain disorder characterized by sudden episodes of abnormally intense electrical activity in the brain is called
epilepsy.

The condition that involves progressive destruction of motor neurons resulting in muscle atrophy is called
amyotropic lateral sclerosis.

Parkinson’s disease is characterized by
“pill” rolling tremor of thumb and forefinger, muscular rigidity, masklike facial expression, and shuffling gait.

Paralysis of all four extremities is known as
quadriplegia.

_____________ is an abnormal condition in which there are sudden, transient disturbances of brain function causing seizures.
Epilepsy

Loss of motor and sensory control of the trunk of the body and lower extremities due to spinal cord injury describes
paraplegia

An acute rapidly progressive disease of the spinal nerves with progressive muscle weakness and paralysis in a 24 to 72 hour period may be indicative of
Guillain-Barr syndrome.

A slight paralysis in either half of the body is known as
hemiparesis.

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