MDA Ch.30 Principles of Pharmacology

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Identify 3 sources of drugs
Chemical name (ex. molecular formula)
Generic name (ex. Acetaminophen)
Brand name (ex. Tylenol)

What type of drug name is Motrin?
Ibruprofen-Brand Name
Motrin- Generic

What type of scheduled drug is Tylenol with Codeine?
Schedule III Drug (less abuse potential than I & II and has accepted medical usefulness)

What agency regulates how drugs are sold and how safe they are?
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulates and evaluates their safety and effectiveness for daily use.

Who is allowed to write prescriptions in the dental office?
The Dentist

What part of the prescription includes the name and quantity of the drug?
Inscription- main body of the prescription

What does the abbreviation b.i.d mean?
Twice a day

Where is a sublingual drug administered?
Under the tongue

Where is subcutaneous drug administered?
Directly under the skin

What is the slowest route of absorption for a drug?
Orally (by mouth)

An analgesic could be used for what reason in dentistry?
Pain reliever (lessens the sensory fxn of the brain by blocking pain receptors)

Give an example of a type of antibiotic that would be prescribed for plaque or gingivitis.
Chlorhexidine

What type of drug may be prescribed for a patient with angina(chest pain)?
Beta Blockers (control blood pressure, reduce chest pain)

Would a patient be taking a diuretic to treat a cold?
No. They are to help reduce fluid retention and blood pressure.

What is the term for the body’s negative reaction to a drug?
Adverse drug effects

a.a.
Of each

a.c.
before meals

a.m.
morning

b.i.d.
twice a day

disp.
dispense

H
hour

h.s.
at bedtime

NPO
nothing by mouth

p.c.
after meals

prn
every 6 hours

q.
every

q.d.
once a day

q.i.d.
four times a day

SL
sublingual

t, tsp
teaspoon

T, tbs
tablespoon

t.i.d.
three times a day

Describe the 2 ways to dispense drugs
Patent medicines (Over the counter drugs)
Ethical drugs (Prescription drugs)

Explain why drugs are categorized in five schedules of the Controlled Substance Act.
Classified on the basis of their potential for abuse, their medical usefulness, and the extent to which they may lead to physical and psychological dependence

List each part of a prescription
Superscription- (patient’s name, address, date)
Inscription- (name and quantity of the drug)
Subscription- (directions to the pharmacist for mixing the medication)
Signature- (instructions for the patient on how to take the medicine)

Describe the relevant factors in determining the dosage of a drug.
-Age
-Weight
-Time of day the drug is to be taken
-Patient tolerance to the drug

How are medications administered?
Local action drug- Applied directly to the site of use (ex. topical anesthetic)
Systemic action drug- Taken internally (ex. antibiotic)

Stages a drug goes through in the body
-Absorption (absorbed from the site of entry)
– Distribution (drug enters bloodstream)
– Metabolism (drug is metabolized)
-Excretion (drug leaves the body)

List the commonly prescribed drugs in Dentistry
Analgesics, Antibiotics, Antifungal, Antiviral, Antianxiety

List the commonly prescribed drugs in Medicine
Cardiovascular, Respiratory, Gastrointestinal, Neurologic, Psychoactive, Endocrine/Hormonal

Describe the negative effects of drug use
Allergic reaction, Drug toxicity, Drug interaction, Drug tolerance, Drug addiction

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy Process by which the body takes in or receives a drug Absorption Action by which a drug is released …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy inscription What part of the prescription includes the name and quantity of the drug? twice a day What does …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy Absorption process by which the body takes in or absorbes a drug distribution action by which a drug is …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy What is pharmacology ? The broad scince of the orgin, mature, chemistry, effects and uses of drugs What is …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy prescription drugs require a physican’s written order to dispense and sometimes administer drugs to a patient. True or false …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy Angina pectoris: spasmlike pain in the chest caused by myocardial anoxia Bronchodilator: a drug that relaxes the smooth muscle …

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