Mastering A&P Chapter 7

Identify the non-weight bearing bone of the lower limb.
Femur
Tibia
Talus
Fibula
Fibula
~
The fibula articulates with the tibia on its medial surface. It does not help distribute the weight of the body to the foot.
The tibia is the weight bearing bone of the lower leg.

Identify the type of joint found between the distal end of the tibia and fibula (distal tibiofibular joint).
Synchondrosis
Suture
Syndesmosis
Symphysis
Syndesmosis
~
A syndesmosis is a type of fibrous joint where the 2 articulating bones are joined solely by ligaments.

Name the noticeable bump on the outside of the ankle.
Lateral malleolus
Medial malleolus
Medial condyle
Lateral condyle
Lateral malleolus
~
The lateral malleolus of the fibula creates an easy to find surface landmark on the outside of the ankle.

Identify the 2 bones that the fibula articulates with in the skeleton.
Tibia and talus
Femur and talus
Femur and calcaneus
Tibia and femur
Tibia and talus
~
The fibula articulates medially along its length with the tibia, and distally the lateral malleolus of the tibia contacts talus.

What type of bone is the fibula?
Irregular
Flat
Long
Short
long

Identify the bones that make up the wrist.
Carpals
Tarsals
Phalanges
Metacarpals
Carpals
~
Eight carpals make up the wrist.

How many carpals make up the wrist?
8

Identify the bones that make up the palm of the hand.
Metacarpals
Metatarsals
Carpals
Phalanges
Metacarpals
~
The metacarpals are located between the carpals (the wrist) and the phalanges (the fingers).

What type of bones are the phalanges?
Long
Flat
Short
Irregular
Long
~
Although the phalanges are small in size, their elongated shape qualifies them as long bones.
Flat bones are slightly curved, flat bones. (The phalanges don’t match this description.)

How many phalanges are located in the hand?
12
15
10
14
14
~
Three phalanges make up each finger (4 x 3) except the thumb which contains 2 phalanges.

What type of joint is formed between the wrist and the first metacarpal?
Gliding
Saddle
Condyloid
Ball and socket
Saddle
~
A saddle joint is a type of synovial joint where both articular surfaces have the shape of a saddle. The carpometacarpal joint allows specialized movement of the thumbs.

Which of the following landmarks found on the proximal end of the humerus?
Deltoid tuberosity
Capitulum
Greater tubercle
Medial epicondyle
Greater tubercle
~
The greater tubercle is adjacent to the head of the humerus. It is the insertion site for some of the rotator cuff muscles.

Identify the depression found on the posterior surface of the humerus.
Medial epicondyle
Coronoid fossa
Head
Olecranon fossa
Olecranon fossa
~
The olecranon fossa is the large depression at the distal end of the humerus. The olecranon fossa of the humerus together with the olecranon process of the ulna permit full extension of the forearm.

Identify the region of the humerus that articulates with the ulna.
Trochlea
Capitulum
Head
Medial epicondyle
Trochlea
~
The trochlear notch of the ulna swings around the trochlea of the humerus forming the hinge joint of the elbow.

Which of the following landmarks is found on the distal end of the humerus?
Lateral epicondyle
Lesser tubercle
Greater tubercle
Neck
Lateral epicondyle
~
The lateral epicondyle of the humerus is on the lateral distal surface of the bone. It serves as a site of muscle attachment.

What part of the humerus articulates with the scapula to form the shoulder joint?
Head
Trochlea
Deltoid tuberosity
Greater tubercle
head
~
The head of the humerus articulates with the glenoid cavity of the scapulae to form the shoulder joint.

Which region of the skeleton contains the humerus?
Appendicular
Axial
Rib cage
Pectoral girdle
Appendicular
~
The appendicular skeleton consists of all of the bones that make up the arm, hand, leg, and foot.

Which of the following landmarks is found on the posterior surface of the scapula?
Glenoid cavity
Spine
Coracoid process
Lateral border
Spine
~
the spine of the scapula is on the back of the bone and can easily be palpated.

Identify the socket of the shoulder joint.
Lateral border
Spine
Glenoid cavity
Coracoid process
Glenoid cavity
~
The glenoid cavity is a round flat surface that serves as the socket of the shoulder joint. Because of its flat nature, the joint is highly moveable. It is stabilized by the rotator cuff muscles.

Identify the region of the scapula that articulates with the clavicle.
Coracoid process
Acromion process
Glenoid cavity
Spine
Acromion process
~
The acromion process is the knoblike ending at the lateral end of the scapular spine. It articulates with the clavicle forming the acromioclavicular joint.

Which region of the scapula does articulate with another bone?
Suprascapular notch
Lateral border
Acromion process
Medial border
Acromion process
~
The acromium articulates with the acromial end of the clavicle, forming the acromioclavicular joint.

The scapula is the site of origin of a group of muscles that stabilize the shoulder joint. Identify this muscle group.
Upper arm flexor
Rotator cuff
Upper arm abductor
Upper arm extensor
Rotator cuff
~
The 4 muscles that make up the rotator cuff originate on the scapula and insert on the proximal humerus. These muscles work to stabilize the shoulder joint, working to prevent the head of the humerus from dislocating out of the glenoid fossa.

Identify the process on the scapula that does not articulate with another bone.
Glenoid cavity
Coronoid process
Coracoid process
Acromion process
Coracoid process
~
The coracoid process of the scapula is found on the lateral side of the bone projecting anteriorly and laterally. Pectoralis minor inserts on the coracoid process.

Identify the tarsal that articulates with the tibia and fibula.
Calcaneus
Navicular
Talus
Cuboid
Talus
~
Talus articulates with the tibia and fibula on its superior surface.

Name the number of tarsals.
10
8
7
5
7
~
The tarsus is made up of 7 bones that compose the ankle and the posterior portion of the foot.

Identify the anatomical term for the “heel bone”.
Talus
Achilles
Cuneiform
Calcaneus
Calcaneus
~
Calcaneus is a large tarsal that contacts the floor at its posterior region, and articulates with talus on its superior surface.

Identify the bones that make up the middle portion of the foot.
Tarsals
Metatarsals
Phalanges
Metacarpals
Metatarsals
~
There are 5 metatarsals that are found between the tarsals (ankle and heel) and the phalanges (toes).

Which of the following digits contain only 2 phalanges?
5
2
3
1
1
~
The great toe or hallux (the big toe) only has 2 phalanges, a proximal phalanx and distal phalanx.
The digit that contains only 2 phalanges is medial to digit 3.

What type of bone is a phalanx?
Flat
Irregular
Short
Long
long
~
the elongated shape of the phalanges make them long bones, even though the phalanges are small in size.

Identify the bone that articulates with the distal end of the femur.
Fibula
Tibia
Ulna
Calcaneus
Tibia
~
The tibia articulates with the distal end of the femur, distributing the weight of the body to the foot.

Identify the region of the femur that forms part of the hip joint.
Medial condyle
Fovea capitis
Head
Neck
Head
~
The head of the femur is the ball portion of the hip joint, which articulates with the acetabulum of the hip bone which forms the socket.

The condition known as a “fractured hip” is most often a break in the femur. Where is the femur particularly susceptible to a fracture?
Neck
Greater trochanter
Acetabulum
Head
neck
~
Many times the phrase “fractured hip” refers to a break in the neck of the femur. This type of fracture detaches the head of the femur leaving it in the socket (the acetabulum of the hip joint).

Identify the landmark that is unique to the femur.
Head
Notch
Trochanter
Condyle
Trochanter
~
The greater and lesser trochanters are unique to the femur.

Identify the landmark found on the diaphysis of the femur.
Fovea capitis
Deltoid tuberosity
Linea aspera
Greater trochanter
Linea aspera
~
The linea aspera is an elevated ridge found on the diaphysis of the femur. It serves as a site of muscle attachment.

Identify the best description for the location of the head of the femur.
Medial and proximal
Posterior and proximal
Medial and distal
Lateral and proximal
Medial and proximal
~
In order for the head of the femur to articulate with the hip bones, it must make contact with the pelvic girdle (medial) at the top (proximal) portion of the femur.

Identify the common name for the clavicle.
Breast bone
Shoulder blade
Rib
Collarbone
collarbone

Identify the bone that articulates with the clavicle medially.
Sternum
Humerus
First rib
Scapula
Sternum
~
The medial, or sternal end of the clavicle articulates with the manubrium of the sternum.

Identify the bone that articulates with the clavicle laterally.
Sternum
First rib
Humerus
Scapula
Scapula
~
The lateral end of the clavicle articulates with the acromion process of the scapula forming the acromioclavicular joint.

Identify the bone that makes up the pectoral girdle with the clavicle.
Scapula
Rib
Humerus
Sternum
Scapula
~
Together the scapula and clavicle form the pectoral girdle, an incomplete bony ring surrounding the upper thorax.

Identify the specific process by which the clavicle develops.
Primary ossification
Intramembranous ossification
Endochondral ossification
Osteogenesis
Intramembranous ossification
~
The clavicles and the cranial bones of the skull develop from a fibrous membrane. This process is known as intramembranous ossification.

The clavicle belongs to which of the following areas?
Axial skeleton
Arm
Appendicular skeleton
Rib cage
Appendicular skeleton

Where is the radius located in reference to the ulna?
Medial
Distal
Lateral
Proximal
Lateral
~
The radius runs parallel to the ulna on the lateral surface of the forearm.

Identify the region of the radius that articulates with the ulna.
Head
Radial tuberosity
Styloid process
Neck
Head
~
The round, flat disc shaped head of the radius pivots around the ulna at the radial notch of the ulna, allowing supination and pronation of the forearm.

Which of the following regions of the radius help form the wrist joint?
Styloid process
Head
Neck
Radial tuberosity
Styloid process
~
The styloid process of the radius is a pointed elongation of the epiphysis at the distal end of the bone. It articulates with the carpals at the wrist.

Which digit is the radius closest to?
Which digit is the radius closest to?
4
1
5
3
1
~
The radius runs parallel to the ulna on the same side as the thumb (digit 1).

What type of joint is formed between the radius and ulna?
Synchondrosis
Hinge
Ball and socket
Pivot
pivot
~
The head of the radius pivots around the ulna at the radial notch, allowing supination and pronation of the forearm.

Identify the type of movement enabled by the articulation between the radius and ulna at the elbow.
Supination
Inversion
Flexion
Abduction
Supination
~
The head of the radius pivots around the ulna permitting supination and pronation of the forearm.
Abduction is a movement away from midline. (This type of movement is not possible between the radius and ulna).

Where in the skeleton is the ulna located in reference to the humerus?
Lateral
Proximal
Medial
Distal
distal
~
The ulna is a bone in the forearm which is distal to the humerus in the upper arm. The humerus makes up the upper arm.

Identify the primary region of the ulna that forms the hinge joint with the humerus.
Coronoid process
Olecranon process
Olecranon fossa
Trochlear notch
Trochlear notch
~The trochlear notch of the ulna swings around the trochlea of the humerus, permitting flexion and extension at the elbow.

Identify the true statement about the head of the ulna.
Found at the proximal end of the bone.
Helps form the pivot joint between the ulna and radius.
Found at the distal end of the bone.
Helps form the elbow joint.
Found at the distal end of the bone.
~
the head of a bone is typically found at the proximal end. The head of the ulna is at the distal end of the bone near the wrist.

Identify the projection found on distal end of the ulna.
Head
Styloid process
Coronoid process
Olecranon process
Styloid process
~
The styloid process of the ulna makes up the superficial bump seen on lateral surface of the wrist.

Identify the region of the ulna that articulates with the humerus when the forearm is in full extension.
Olecranon process
Trochlear notch
Trochlea
Coronoid process
Olecranon process
~
When the forearm is in full extension the olecranon process of the ulna fits snuggly into the olecranon fossa of the humerus.

The flat surface of the tibia that articulates with the femur is the superior surface of which landmark?
Head
Patellar surface
Medial malleolus
Medial and lateral condyles
Medial and lateral condyles
~
The flat articular surfaces of the medial and lateral condyles of the tibia form the knee joint with the medial and lateral condyles of the femur.

Identify the bone found lateral to the tibia.
Fibularis
Femur
Calcaneus
Fibula
Fibula
~
the tibia and fibula lie parallel to one another between the knee and ankle.

Identify the anatomical landmark resulting in a noticeable bump found on the medial surface of the ankle.
Lateral malleolus
Styloid process
Medial malleolus
Medial condyle
Medial malleolus

Name the bone that articulates with the distal end of the femur.
Calcaneus
Fibularis
Fibula
Tibia
Tibia

Identify the blunt elevation found on the anterior surface of the tibia between the lateral and medial condyles.
Articular surface of the medial condyle
Tibial tuberosity
Intercondylar eminence
Medial malleolus
Tibial tuberosity
~
he tibial tuberosity is found on the anterior surface of the proximal part of the tibia. The patellar ligament attaches to the tibial tuberosity.

Which of the following landmarks can be found on both the tibia and fibula?
Head
Malleoli
Condyles
Tuberosity
Malleoli
~
Both the tibia and the fibula have malleoli, which form the palpable bumps found on the inside and outside of the ankle.

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Name the parts of the Radius, starting most proximal Proximal: radial head, radial neck, radial tuberosity, Medial:radial shaft Distal: ulnar notch and styloid process of the radius Name the parts of the Ulna, starting most proximal. Proximal: olecranon process, trochlear …

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