Major Depressive Disorder

Depressive illnesses have affected humanity since recorded history. They are characterized by sadness or stress that is severe enough to cause the victim to withdraw from pleasurable everyday activities. Depression has come to, in clinical and psychological terms, any of the various depressive illnesses or disorders which can further, based on their specific symptoms, be classified as: • Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) • Dysthymia • Unspecified, substance-induced or condition-induced depressive disorders (Lurie 2007)

This research paper aims to make a case study of the Major Depressive Disorder, in other words referred to as major depression, by discussing it theoretically, its diagnosis, preferred treatment and outcomes of this treatment. Theory of Major Depressive Disorder Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) is one of the commonest mental health problems. It is chronic and recurrent; and since its containment is a serious challenge, it is a leading cause of functional impairment in the society. MDD differs from reactive depressive illnesses in that it is a proactive depression (Lurie 2007): its real cause in a patient cannot be traced to a specific event.

The patient may have a pre-disposition genetically or biologically. More often than not, no specific cause is established, driving patients into denial of the condition. Even though the actual cause of MDD has not been established, research shows that it has a strong genetic influence. Other external factors just contribute to its acquisition or deterioration; and include emotionally traumatic encounters, physical and emotional stressors like abuse, growing up in dysfunctional families and societies, ravage by natural disasters and poverty, or even the loss of a loved one.

Like most depressive illnesses, the symptoms of MDD include sadness, nonchalance, increased irritability, fatigue and insomnia, a feeling of guilt and worthless and anxiety. However, MDD can be sub-categorized symptomatically as follows: • Psychotic MDD, symptomatically characterized by delusions, hallucinations, …

Bipolar I is when the individual experiences “manic” episodes when high as well as episodes of depression. Bipolar II is when the individual experiences “hypo manic” episodes when high as well as episodes of depression. Bipolar is classified as a …

During initial assessment, the nurse should focus on which areas in development of CP for anxiety? SATA Symptoms of anxiety; Increasing symptoms of anxiety; Suicidal ideation What should the nurse say to elicit the most subjective information form the client? …

Rivera (et al. , 2005) discusses the need for instrument validation across cultural groups in order to identify differences in symptoms among different cultural groups and remain sensitive to cultural diversity. Many researchers cited by Rivera (et al. 2005) have …

According to Callahan et al. (2002), their research explored the following hypothesis: (1) “There are significant differences in each type of charge determined by the presence or absence of symptoms and diagnosis of depression. ” (2) “Depressive symptoms and physician …

The connection between substance use disorder (SUD) and bipolar disorder has been explored by various literatures. This has been proven by three epidermiologic studies namely the Epidermiological Catchment Area study (ECA), National Comorbidity Study (NCS), and the National Epidemiologic Survey …

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