LPN Pharmacology

ACE Inhibitors
inhibit angiotensin II, potent vasoconstriction of efferent arterioles. Used to treat hypertension and heart failure.

Acetylcholinesterase Inhibitors
Promote the accumulation of acytylcholines, resulting in prolonged cholinergic effects.

Drug that has the effects of epinephrine

Adrenergic Blocking agents
Inhibits the adrenergic system, preventing stimulation of the adrenergic receptors.

Aldosterone Receptor Antagonists
Block stimulation of mineralcorticoid receptors by aldosterone, thus reducing high blood pressure by preventing sodium reabsorption.

Gentimicin, Tobramycin, and related antibiotics; particularly effective against gram-negative microorganisms; noted for potentially dangerous toxicity.

Narcotic and nonnarcotic; relieve pain without producing loss of consciousness or reflex activity

Stimulate the development of masculine characteristics.

Angiotensin ll Receptor Antagonists
Also known as ARB’s (a very potent vasoconstrictor), prevents angiotensin ll from binding to receptor sites in vascular smooth muscle, brain, heart, kidneys, and adrenal glands, thus blocking the blood pressure elevating and sodium retaining effects of angiotensin ll.

i.e. Local or General Anesthetics; cause a loss of sensation with or without loss of consciousness.

Medications which neutralize acids in the stomach and lower excessively high levels of acid that result from eating certain foods.

Used to prevent or treat attacks of angina pectoris; most common is nitroglycerin.

Used to prevent anxiety symptoms or disorders; also known as minor tranquilizers or anxiolytics, although the term tranquilizer is avoided today to prevent the misperception that the patient is being tranquilized

Used to correct cardiac arrhythmias (any heart rate or rhythm other than normal sinus rhythm)

Used to treat infections caused by pathogenic microbes; term is often used interchangeably with antimicrobial agents.

Blocks the action of acetylcholine in the parasympathetic nervous system. Used to treat intestinal, bladder, and bronchial spasms. Also known as a cholinergic blocking agent, antispasmodics, and parasympathetic agents.

DO NOT DISSOLVE EXISTING BLOOD CLOTS! Do prevent enlargement or extension of blood clots.

Suppress abnormal neuronal activity in the CNS, preventing seizures

drugs that combat depression by affecting the levels or activity of neurotransmitters in the brain

Also known as hypoglycemics; include insulin (used to treat type 1 diabetes mellitus) and oral hypoglycemic agents (used in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus)

Relieve of control the symptoms of acute or chronic diarrhea

These medications prevent or arrest vomiting. Also used to treat vertigo, motion sickness and nausea.

Miconazole, used to treat fungal infections.

Used to reduce intraocular pressure for the treatment of glaucoma.

Used in the treatment of active gout attacks or to prevent future attacks.

Used to treat allergy symptoms; may also be used to treat motion sickness, insomnia, and other nonallergic reactions.

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ACEi Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE inhibitors) drugs blocking the body’s production of angiotensin II, a hormone that circulates in the blood and has many effects on the cardiovascular system; main role: constrict blood vessels – CILAZAPRIL Alpha-blocker Any drug …

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Two groups of drugs that affect the sympathetic nervous system: The adrenergic agonists (sympathomimetics or adrenomimetics) and the adrenergic blockers (sympatholytics or adrenolytics) The alpha adrenergic receptors are located in the: vasculature tissues (vessels) of muscle WE WILL WRITE A …

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Angina Pectoris chest pain caused by lack of oxygen reaching heart dilate arteries and veins Antianginal medications given sublingual, buccal, or IV take 1 want wait 5 minutes if pain occurs call EMS may take 2 more every 5 minutes …

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