IS-230.d Fundamentals of Emergency Management

The local emergency manager has the responsibility for coordinating emergency management programs and activities. A local emergency manager is responsible for all of the following activities EXCEPT FOR:

A: Managing resources before, during, and after a major emergency or disaster.
B: Coordinating the planning process and working cooperatively with response partners.
C: Developing an Incident Action Plan that specifies tactics for first responders
D: Identifying and analyzing the potential impacts of hazards that threaten the jurisdiction

C: Developing an ICP that specifies tactics for first responders

Which of the following statements about the Stafford Act is correct? Under the Stafford Act:

A: The Federal Assistance available for major disasters is more limited than that which is available for emergencies.
B: An emergency is defined as any natural catastrophe for which, in the determination of the President Federal assistance is needed to supplement State, tribal, and local efforts and capabilities to save lives.
C: The President may only declare a major disaster at the request of the Governor of tribal Chief Executive who certifies the State or tribal government and affected local governments are overwhelmed.
D: The types of incidents that may qualify as a major disaster are extremely broad.

C: The President may only declare a major disaster at the request of the Governor of tribal Chief Executive who certifies the State or tribal government and affected local governments are overwhelmed.

Which of the following statements about an emergency operations center (EOC) is correct?

A: To be most effective, an EOC should be organized according to Emergency Support Functions (ESFs).
B: An EOC should be located as close to the incident site as possible.
C: Having multiple EOCs allows for more efficient management of resources.
D: An EOC allows decision makers to operate in one place to coordinate and communicate with support staff.

D: An EOC allows decision makers to operate in one place to coordinate and communicate with support staff.

Integrated Emergency Management is:

A: A detailed methodology used when needed to manage complex incidents that are beyond a jurisdiction’s capability.
B: Used only during times of disaster and should not be integrated into the daily decision-making process within a jurisdiction.
C: A new concept to ensure that jurisdictions are prepared to respond to human-caused incidents, such as terrorist attacks.
D: Intend to create an organizational culture that is critical to achieving unity of effort between all stakeholders.

D: Intend to create an organizational culture that is critical to achieving unity of effort between all stakeholders.

Emergency managers consider and take into account all threats/hazards, all phases, all stakeholders, and all impacts relevant to disasters. This statement describes which emergency management principle?

A: Comprehensive
B: Progressive
C: Integrated
D: Risk-Driven

A: Comprehensive

In addition to emergency core functions, the emergency manager directs day-to-day program functions. An example of a day-to-day function is:

A: Direction, control, and coordination
B: Public health and medical services
C: Hazard Mitigation
D: Emergency Public Information

C: Hazard Mitigation

Which of the following is an example of a prevention activity?

A: Passing an ordinance on controlling development in a flood plain
B: Setting up a network of clinics to provide neighborhood-based healthcare access for residents affected by a hurricane
C: Mobilizing search and rescue teams
D: Requiring identification for site access

A: Passing an ordinance on controlling development in a flood plain

The Whole Community concept means that residents, emergency management practitioners, organization and community leaders, and government officials:

A: Become self-reliant in responding to disaster so that they will not need to request assistance through mutual aid or other means.
B: Rely on the expertise and resources of the Federal Government to rebuild their communities in a safer stringer way following a disaster.
C: Prioritize which members of the community will receive assistance if response and recovery resources are limited
D: Work together to assess the needs of their respective communities and determine the best ways to organize and strengthen their assets, capacities, and interests.

D: Work together to assess the needs of their respective communities and determine the best ways to organize and strengthen their assets, capacities, and interests.

Which part of the Emergency Operations Plan includes the Purpose, Scope, Situation Overview, Assumptions, Concept of Operations, and Organization and Assignment of Responsibilities?

A: Executive Summary
B: Basic Plan
C: Appendixes
D: Annexes

B: Basic Plan

States delegate authority to their sub-units of government (including counties, municipalities, towns or townships, and villages). This delegation limits the degree of State influence in local affairs. What is the term used to describe this delegation?

A: Jurisdictional autonomy
B: Limits of power
C: Self-governance
D: Home rule

D: Home rule

Which of the following presents an integrated set of guidance, programs, and processes that enables the whole community to meet the National Preparedness Goal.

A: Incident Command System
B: Community Response System
C: National Preparedness System
D: State Training and Exercise System

C: National Preparedness System

All of the following are important emergency management planning principles EXCEPT FOR:

A: Planning must be community based, representing the whole population and its needs
B: Planning is fundamentally a process to manage risk
C: Planning results in unique plans for every type of threat or hazard
D: Planning should be flexible enough to address both traditional and catastrophic incidents

C: Planning results in unique plans for every type of threat or hazard

What capabilities focus on saving lives, protecting property and the environment, and meeting basic human needs and begin when an incident is imminent or immediately after an event occurs?

A: Readiness
B: Response
C: Rescue
D: Recovery

B: Response

___ has emergency services departments capable of responding to emergencies that include law enforcement, fire/emergency medical services, and public works.

A: FEMA
B: Federal Government
C: Local Government
D: State Government

C: Local Government

____________ is a core function implemented during an emergency.

A: Logistics management and resource support
B: Public education and information
C: Threat and hazard analysis
D: Finance and Administration

A: Logistics management and resource support

Which of the following is NOT a key function of the Multi-agency Coordination System?

A: Situational Assessment
B: Critical Resource Planning
C: Incident Command
D: Interagency Activities

C: Incident Command

What capabilities focus on reducing loss of life and property by lessening the impact of disasters?

A: Protection
B: Mitigation
C: Management
D: Response

B: Mitigation

What level of government has direct responsibility for the safety of its residents and direct knowledge of the situation and accompanying resources?

A: Federal Government
B: State Government
C: Regional Government
D: Local and Tribal Government

D: Local and Tribal Government

Which of the following is not a feature of the incident command system (ICS)?

A: Specialized code and terminology
B: Management by objectives
C: Pre-designated incident locations and facilities
D: Manageable span of control

A: Specialized code and terminology

Which of the following statements is FALSE?

A: Government agencies are responsible for protecting the lives and property of their citizens and promoting their well-being. However, the government does not, and cannot work alone.
B: Private and nonprofit sectors are encouraged to develop contingency plans and to work with State, tribal, and local planners to ensure that their plans are consistent with other pertinent plans.
C: Nonprofit organizations bolster and support government efforts. These organizations collaborate with responders, government at all levels, and other agencies and organizations.
D: While private-sector organizations are important in building resilient communities before an incident occurs, they play a limited role, if any, during an incident.

D: While private-sector organizations are important in building resilient communities before an incident occurs, they play a limited role, if any, during an incident.

Categorizing, by capability, the resources requested, deployed, and used in incidents is referred to as:

A: Resource cataloging
B: Resource classifying
C: Resource grouping
D: Resource typing

D: Resource typing

Which FEMA mitigation program assists in implementing long-term hazard mitigation measures following Presidential disaster declarations?

A: Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP)
B: Pre-Disaster Mitigation (PDM)
C: Severe Repetitive Loss (SRL)
D: Repetitive Flood Claim (RFC)

A: Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP)

While every part of an emergency management program has its own role and function, private citizens are solely responsible for the protection of life and property.

A: True
B: False

B: False

Emergency managers create and sustain broad and sincere relationships among individuals and organizations to encourage trust, advocate a team atmosphere, build consensus, and facilitate communication. This statement describes which emergency management principle?

A: Integrated
B: Collaboration
C: Flexible
D: Coordinated

B: Collaboration

Select the TRUE statement:

A: A long-term recovery can take months or years because it is a complex process of revitalizing homes, businesses, public infrastructure, and the community’s economy and restoring quality of life.
B: Recovery efforts are most effective when jurisdictions wait until responders have completed all response activities.
C: Recovery is primarily a responsibility of local government. Therefore, the Federal Government provides very limited assistance for recovery under the Stafford Act.
D: The primary focus of recovery is on the restoration of physical structures rather than returning economic and business activities to a healthy state.

A: A long-term recovery can take months or years because it is a complex process of revitalizing homes, businesses, public infrastructure, and the community’s economy and restoring quality of life.

Under the Stafford Act:

A: The President may designate an incident as either an “Emergency” or a “Major Disaster”
B: The Federal Government may provide unlimited Federal assistance to jurisdictions
C: The FEMA Administrator may assume the authorities of local, tribal, and State authorities on a temporary basis
D: The Secretary of Homeland Security is responsible for coordinating Government response efforts

A: The President may designate an incident as either an “Emergency” or a “Major Disaster”

Local elected or appointed officials

A: May need to help shape or modify laws, policies, and budgets to aid preparedness efforts and to improve emergency management and response capabilities
B: Should be present at the incident command post to direct the first responders in executing tactical operations
C: Delegate responsibility for emergency management and typically are not involved in the incident response and recovery
D: Conduct a preliminary damage assessment and submit documentation to FEMA requesting a federal disaster declaration

A: May need to help shape or modify laws, policies, and budgets to aid preparedness efforts and to improve emergency management and response capabilities

One key function of the Emergency Operations Center (EOC) personnel is to:

A: Determine tactical objectives and direction for managing the incident
B: Ensure that the Incident Commander has needed resources
C: Establish the optimal span of control for supervising responders
D: Assume chain of command for all personnel working at the incident scene

B: Ensure that the Incident Commander has needed resources

Mission areas are compromised of the capabilities for executing a function at any time (before, during, or after an incident) and across all threats and hazards. Four of the five preparedness mission areas are: Prevention, Protection, Response, and Recovery. Which is the fifth mission area?:

A: Preparation
B: Mitigation
C: Planning
D: Readiness

B: Mitigation

Which emergency management partner is responsible for coordinating all components of the emergency management for a community?

A: Local Emergency Manager
B: State Emergency Management Agency
C: State Governor
D: FEMA

A: Local Emergency Manager

Which mission area includes restoring health and social services networks and returning economic and business activities to a healthy state?

A: Recovery
B: Response
C: Protection
D: Prevention

A: Recovery

Identifying threats and hazards and applying physical, technological, and cyber measures to limit access are examples of capabilities that support which mission areas?

A: Mitigation and Management
B: Response and Recovery
C: Protection and Prevention
D: Preparedness and Policing

C: Protection and Prevention

____ is responsible for coordinating Federal resources that support State, Local, Tribal, and territorial efforts when a Federal emergency or disaster is declared:

A: FEMA
B: State Government
C: Regional Government
D: Local Government

A: FEMA

Emergency Management principles help us identify and apply agreed-upon practices:

A: True
B: False

A: True

Which of the following statements is FALSE?:

A: Jurisdictions must work closely with private-sector entities that provide water, power, communications networks, transportation, medical care, security, and numerous other services.
B: Nongovernmental organizations often provide sheltering, emergency food supplies, counseling services, and other vital support services to support response and promote the recover of disaster survivors.
C: Nonprofit organizations often have a commitment to the specific of interests and values of their members, and therefore should be excluded from emergency management planning efforts.
D: Individuals and families can contribute by reducing hazards in and around their homes; developing a preparedness plan; and assembling emergency supplies.

C: Nonprofit organizations often have a commitment to the specific of interests and values of their members, and therefore should be excluded from emergency management planning efforts.

This authority emphasizes that Federal disaster assistance is intended to supplement, not supplant, the resources of State, local, and private-sector organizations:

A: Executive Order 10427
B: Executive Order 12127
C: Sandy Recovery Improvement Act of 2013
D: Post-Katrina Emergency Management Reform Act of 2006

A: Executive Order 10427

Specific areas of authority and responsibilities for emergency management should be clearly stated in local ordinances and laws. These ordinances and laws should specify a specific line of succession for elected officials and require that departments of government establish lines of succession.

A: True
B: False

A: True

The emergency operations plan is a key component of an emergency management program that:

A: Provides standard operating procedures for responding to specific types of incidents
B: Establishes the overall authority, roles, and functions performed during incidents.
C: Is required in order for a jurisdiction to receive Federal assistance with mitigation initiatives
D: Serves primarily as a budgeting document for acquiring emergency resources.

B: Establishes the overall authority, roles, and functions performed during incidents.

What type of measures considers ways to reduce consequences together with the overall risk from specific threats and other community goals.

A: Prevention
B: Response
C: Readiness
D: Mitigation

D: Mitigation

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