Intro to Psychology Chapter13

A syndrome marked by a clinically significant disturbance in a person’s thoughts, feelings, or behaviors is most clearly an indication of
a) free-floating anxiety.
b) dissociation.
c) learned helplessness.
d )a psychological disorder.
d )a psychological disorder.

Inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity are major symptoms of
a) OCD.
b) PTSD.
c) ADHD.
d) DID.
c) ADHD.

The discovery that psychologically disordered behavior could result from syphilis infections served to encourage the acceptance of
a) psychoanalytic theory.
b) the medical model.
c) the DSM-5.
d) the social-cognitive perspective.
b) the medical model.

It would be most difficult to use the ________ to explain why bulimia nervosa occurs mostly in food-abundant Western cultures.
a) learning perspective
b) medical model
c) social-cognitive perspective
d) biopsychosocial approach
b) medical model

Maladaptive behaviors that reduce worry and fear are most indicative of
a) bipolar disorder.
b) an anxiety disorder.
c) anorexia nervosa.
d) attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.
b) an anxiety disorder.

Rishi, a college student, complains that he feels apprehensive and fearful most of the time but doesn’t know why. Without warning, his heart begins to pound, his hands get icy, and he breaks out in a cold sweat. Rishi most likely suffers from
a) bipolar disorder.
b) obsessive-compulsive disorder.
c) generalized anxiety disorder.
d) a phobia.
c) generalized anxiety disorder.

Which of the following disorders is characterized by the most sudden and often unpredictable episodes of distress?
a) social anxiety disorder
b) panic disorder
c) bipolar disorder
d) bulimia nervosa
b) panic disorder

Kaylee is so afraid of spiders and insects that she avoids most outdoor activities and even refuses to go to the basement of her own house alone. Kaylee appears to suffer from
a) obsessive-compulsive disorder.
b) a dissociative disorder.
c) bipolar disorder.
d) a phobia.
d) a phobia.

Cecil is preoccupied with thoughts of jumping out the window of his tenth-floor apartment. To reduce his anxiety, he frequently counts his heartbeats aloud. Cecil would most likely be diagnosed as experiencing
a) panic disorder.
b) bipolar disorder.
c) generalized anxiety disorder.
d) obsessive-compulsive disorder.
d) obsessive-compulsive disorder.

Those who suggest that phobias are learned would be most likely to emphasize the role of ________ in the onset of anxiety disorders.
a) linkage analysis
b) dissociation
c) flat affect
d) classical conditioning
d) classical conditioning

Persistent substance craving and use despite significant life disruption and risk of physical harm is most characteristic of
a) panic disorder.
b) antisocial personality disorder.
c)substance use disorder.
d) agoraphobia.
c)substance use disorder.

Chemical substances that alter perceptions and mood are called ________ drugs.
a) inhibiting
b) dissociative
c) psychoactive
d )delusional
c) psychoactive

Arlette often consumes up to six cocktails in a row before she experiences any noticeable symptoms of being drunk. This suggests that Arlette has developed
a) delusions.
b) tolerance.
c) flat affect.
d) hallucinations.
b) tolerance.

The use of barbiturates ________ anxiety and ________ nervous system activity.
a) increases; decreases
b) decreases; increases
c) decreases; decreases
d) increases; increases
c) decreases; decreases

Morphine and heroin are
a) amphetamines.
b) opiates.
c) hallucinogens.
d) barbiturates.
b) opiates.

Zachary has taken a psychoactive drug. Almost immediately he experiences feelings of self-confidence and euphoria. Zachary most likely experienced the effects of
a) heroin.
b) cocaine.
c) LSD.
d) marijuana.
b) cocaine.

The prominent feature of mood disorders is the experience of
a) social anxiety disorder.
b) flat affect.
c) emotional extremes.
d) paranoia.
c) emotional extremes.

The number-one reason people seek mental health services is
a) social anxiety disorder.
b) schizophrenia.
c) depression.
d) obsessive-compulsive disorder.
c) depression.

Lethargy and inactivity are most likely to be associated with
a) antisocial personality disorder.
b) major depressive disorder.
c) obsessive-compulsive disorder.
d) dissociative identity disorder.
b) major depressive disorder.

In which disorder do people alternate between states of lethargic hopelessness and wild optimism?
a) panic disorder
b) bipolar disorder
c) obsessive-compulsive disorder
d) schizophrenia
b) bipolar disorder

The risk of suicide is greatest when people
a) anticipate the onset of a depressive episode.
b) experience the first symptoms of a depressive episode.
c) experience depressive symptoms at their most extreme levels of severity.
d) begin to rebound from their depression.
d) begin to rebound from their depression.

Carla is stressed by the death of a friend, she constantly ruminates about the fact that she is overweight, and she much more easily recalls her academic failures than her many academic successes. These factors are most likely to place Carla at a high level of risk for
a) dissociative identity disorder.
b )attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.
c) antisocial personality disorder.
d )major depressive disorder.
d )major depressive disorder.

Research regarding depression indicates that
a) depression is typically unrelated to stressful life events.
b) major depressive episodes are unlikely to subside without professional help.
c) depression is associated with abnormally high levels of the neurotransmitter serotonin.
d) with each new generation, depression is increasing in its prevalence.
d) with each new generation, depression is increasing in its prevalence.

Mania is associated with overabundant levels of the neurotransmitter
a) acetylcholine.
b) norepinephrine.
c) dopamine.
d) estrogen.
b) norepinephrine.

People who suffer chronic depression are at high risk for experiencing
a) unrealistic optimism.
b) reduced self-awareness.
c) excessive levels of norepinephrine.
d) social rejection.
d) social rejection.

One of the negative symptoms of schizophrenia is
a) an expressionless face.
b) loud and meaningless talking.
c) inappropriate laughter.
d) uncontrollable outbursts of rage.
a) an expressionless face.

Mr. Hunt believes that he is the president of the United States and that he will soon become the “King of the Universe.” Mr. Hunt is most clearly suffering from
a) delusions.
b) obsessions.
c) hallucinations.
d) compulsions.
a) delusions.

About eight months ago, 13-year-old Shelley went on a drastic weight-loss diet that caused her to drop from 110 to 80 pounds. Although she is now dangerously underweight and under-nourished, she continues to think she looks fat. Her frustrated father recently forced her to eat a peanut butter sandwich, but Shelley immediately went to the bathroom and threw it all up. Shelley most clearly suffers from
a) agoraphobia.
b) bulimia nervosa.
c) catatonia.
d) anorexia nervosa.
d) anorexia nervosa.

Frequent exposure to images of thin fashion models and celebrities is most likely to be a factor contributing to the development of
a) dissociative identity disorder.
b) antisocial personality disorder.
c) bipolar disorder.
d) bulimia nervosa.
d) bulimia nervosa.

Anthony is 32 years old, above average in intelligence, and charming. He has swindled several older people out of their life savings, and he seems to have no feeling for his victims. His behavior is evidence of
a) schizophrenia.
b) obsessive-compulsive disorder.
c) a personality disorder.
d) a dissociative disorder.
c) a personality disorder.

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