Universal precautions CDC definition: “a set of precautions designed to prevent transmission of HIV, hepatitis B virus (HBV), and other blood borne pathogens when providing first aid or health care. Under universal precautions, blood and certain body fluids of all patients are considered potentially infectious for HIV, HBV and other blood borne pathogens” Universal precautions apply to: * blood * bodily fluids containing visible blood * semen * vaginal fluid * cerebrospinal.
* synovial, pleural, peritoneal, pericardial, and amniotic fluids * needles, scalpels and other sharp instruments Universal precautions are achieved by using protective barriers that include: * gloves * protective eyewear * aprons Prevent the spread of infectious diseases: * Wash your hands often. This is especially important before and after preparing food, before eating and after using the toilet. * Get vaccinated. Immunization can drastically reduce your chances of contracting many diseases.
Make sure to keep your recommended vaccinations, as well as your children’s, up-to-date. * Use antibiotics sensibly. Only take antibiotics when necessary. And if they’re prescribed, take them exactly as directed — don’t stop taking them early because your symptoms have gone away. * Stay at home if you have signs and symptoms of an infection. Don’t go to work if you are vomiting, have diarrhea or are running a fever. Don’t send your child to school if he or she has these signs and symptoms, either. * Be smart about food preparation.
Keep counters and other kitchen surfaces clean when preparing meals. In addition, promptly refrigerate leftovers — don’t let cooked foods remain at room temperature for extended periods of time. * Pay special attention to cleaning the ‘hot zones’ in your home. These include the kitchen and bathroom — two rooms that can have high concentrations of bacteria and other infectious agents. * Practice safe sex. Use condoms if you or your partner has a history of sexually transmitted diseases or high-risk behavior — or abstain altogether.
* Don’t share personal items. Use your own toothbrush, comb and razor blade. Avoid sharing drinking glasses or dining utensils. * Travel wisely. Don’t fly when you’re ill. With so many people confined to a small area, you may infect other passengers on the plane. And your trip won’t be comfortable, either. Depending on where your travels take you, talk to your doctor about any special immunizations you may need. * Keep your pets healthy. Bring your pet to a veterinarian for regular care and vaccinations. Keep your pet’s living area clean.