Hypoxia vs Acute Broncities vs Pneumonia

Hypoxia Early symptoms
Pale skin, Pale Mucous Membranes, Elevated Blood pressure, restlessness and anxious

Hypoxia Late symptoms
Confusion, Bradycardia, Hyptotension, Cyanosis

Hypoxia Diagnosis
Ineffective airway clearance, Impaired gas exchange, Ineffective breathing pattern, Anxiety, Fatigue, Activity intolerance, Infection

Hypoxia Interventions
Oxygen, Respiratory, meds antibiotics, spirometry, ambulation, Position, Increased fluids, monitor for changes, TCDB

Acute Bronchitis
Inflammation of the bronchi in the lower respiratory tract.

Acute Bronchitis Symptoms
Cough 10-20 days,
Most often clear sputum,
Can also have HA,
Malaise(lack of well being)

Acute Bronchitis Symptoms
SOB on exertion,
low grade fever,
wheezes or clear BS

Acute Bronchitis Treatment
Tx is supportive signs and symptoms: FLuids , rest. anti-inflammatories. cough suppressants and bronchodilators if nocturnal cough or wheezing

Pneumonia
Inflammatory process in the lungs either caused by infectious organism or the aspiration of an irritant.

Pneumonia
Results in the parenchyema: edema and exudate
Can be primary disease or a complication of another

Pneumonia Risk Factors
Older Adults
Iummocompromised
Recent Exposure to virus or flu
Smokers
Substance Abusers- (alcohol, coaine

Pneumonia Risk Factors
Chronic Lung Disease
Dysphagia
Ventilated patients
Immobility

Pneumonia Symptoms
Fever
Chills
Flushed Face
Diaphoresis (excessive sweating )
SOB (shortness of breath)
Decreased O2 saturation

Pneumonia Symptoms
Tachypnea (rapid breathing)
Sharp, Pleuretic CP
Yellow Sputum
Crackles and Weezes
Cough
Dull Percussion over Consolidation

Pneumonia Interventions
O2
Position
Cough/suction
Resp. treatment
TCBD/IS
Nutritional Fluids
Rest and reassurance

Pneumonia Meds
Antibiotics
Bronchodilators
Anti-inflammatories
RT/RD/PT
Vaccine

Community Acquired (CAP) Pneumonia
Most Common
Often a complication of Flu

Hospital Acquired(HAP) Pneumonia
Nosocomial
Higher mortality- due to drug resistant strains and patients most likely weaker reason for being the hospital

Aspiration Pneumonia
Abnormal Entry of secretions or substances to the lowere airway. It usually follows aspiration from the mouth or stomach thats makes it into the trachea and eventually the lungs.

chemical (noninfectious) pneumonitis
When the aspirated materials contain gastric juices with a low pH, there is chemical injury to the lung with infection as a secondary event, usually 48 to 72 hours later.

bacterial infection Aspiration Pneumonia
The most common form of aspiration pneumonia. Both aerobes and anaerobes are isolated from the sputum as they comprise the flora of the oropharynx.

Mechanical obstruction pneumonia
If the aspirated material is an inert substance (e.g., barium), usually mechanical obstruction of the airways is the cause of the initial manifestation.

Opportunistic Pneumonia
include those with altered immune responses. This can include people with severe protein-calorie malnutrition and/or immunodeficiencies (e.g., human immunodeficiency virus [HIV] infection), and following treatment with radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and long-term corticosteroid therapy.

Cytomegalovirus (CMV)
is a cause of viral pneumonia in the immunocompromised patient, particularly in transplant recipients. CMV is a member of the herpesvirus family.

Pneumocystis jiroveci (PCP)
rarely causes of pneumonia in the healthy individual but is the most common cause of pneumonia in persons with HIV disease.

1. Congestion.
After the organisms reach the alveoli, there is an outpouring of fluid into the alveoli. The organisms multiply in the serous fluid, and the infection spreads to adjacent alveoli. The presence of fluid in the alveoli interferes with gas exchange.

2. Red hepatization.
There is massive dilation of the capillaries, and alveoli are filled with organisms, neutrophils, red blood cells (RBCs), and fibrin. The lungs appear red and granular, similar to the liver, which is why the process is called hepatization.

3. Gray hepatization.
Blood flow decreases, and leukocytes and fibrin consolidate in the affected part of the lung.

4. Resolution.
Complete resolution and healing occur if there are no complications. The exudate is lysed and is processed by the macrophages. The normal lung tissue is restored, and the person’s gas-exchange ability returns to normal.

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Pneumonia Infection of some or all of the lobes of the lungs. Fluid, microorganisms, and white blood cells fill the alveoli and air passages that makes it difficult to breathe. Aspiration Pneumonia Caused by foreign matter that is inhaled into …

pneumonia (def) an acute or chronic disease marked by inflammation of the lungs caused by viruses, bacteria, or other microorganisms and sometimes by physical chemical irritants symptoms of pneumonia fever/temp up to 105 excessive sweating/chills difficulty breathing chest pain productive/phlegmy …

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Most common manifestation of pneumonia in older adult clients. Confusion from hypoxia Physical assessment findings for pneumonia fever, chills, flushed face, diaphoresis, SOB, crackles and wheezing, cough, o2 sat decrease WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC …

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